Transforming Impossible into Possible (TIP): a bottom-up practice in workforce development for low-income jobseekers

Philip Young P. Hong

Abstract

This paper discusses an evidence-informed bottom-up transformative social work practice model that holistically encapsulates multi-system levels of practice. Based on 12 years of empirical evidence on psychological self-sufficiency (PSS), the Transforming Impossible into Possible (TIP) program was developed to focuses on the ‘process’ of human agency development that leads to economic self-sufficiency (ESS) ‘outcomes’. It attempts to bring together various modalities of social work practice into a transformational leadership development framework that reflects a bottom-up, participant-centered approach to empowering individuals to impact larger systems. In workforce development practice, it is being regarded that constructs reflected in TIP improve both employment and retention outcomes.

Keywords

psychological self-sufficiency, humanship, psychological capital, workforce development, empowerment, low-income, transformative social work

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18063/ESP.2016.02.008
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