Open Journal Systems

Illuminating intersections of race and psychosocial tasks for emerging adults in the African American student network

Tabitha Grier-Reed 1, Alex Ajayi 2, Danielle Cotton3, Robert Wilson 4

Abstract

African American emerging adulthood is an understudied area of research. Adapting consensual qualitative research methods, we explored discussions across 702 emerging adults in the African American Student Network (AFAM). AFAM is an educational/counseling intervention designed to support Black students in school. Over an 11-year time period, discussions centered on five psychosocial tasks: navigating college life, understanding racism, exploring identity, standing up for justice, and finding love. Intersectionality was a meta-struggle, where students questioned how their individual identities intersected with a Black collective identity. Highlighting the centrality of race in African American emerging adulthood, this study illuminates the ways in which college students grappled with the racialized contexts in which they found themselves.


Keywords

College life; African American students; racism; racial justice; black identity

Full Text:

PDF

References

Alexander M. The new Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the age of color-blindness. New York, NY: The New Press, 2012.

Ancis JR, Sedlacek WE, Mohr JJ. Student perceptions of campus cultural climate by race. Journal of Counseling and Development 2000; 78: 180-185.

Arnett JJ. Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from late teens through the twenties. American Psychologist 2000; 55: 469-480.

Arnett JJ. Emerging adulthood: The winding road from the late teens through the twenties (2nd ed). New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2015.

Crenshaw K. Demarginalizing the intersection of race and sex: A Black feminist critique of antidiscrimination doctrine, feminist theory and antiracist politics. University of Chicago Legal Forum 1989; 1: 139-167.

Davis M, Dias-Bowie Y, Greenberg K, et al. “A fly in the buttermilk”: Descriptions of university life by successful Black undergraduate students at a predominantly White Southeastern university. The Journal of Higher Education 2004; 75: 420-445.

Ferber AL. The construction of Black masculinity: White supremacy now and then. Journal of Sport and Social Issues 2007; 31: 11-24.

Grier-Reed, T. The African American Student Network: An informal networking group as a therapeutic intervention for Black college students on a predominantly White campus. Journal of Black Psychology 2013; 39: 169-184.

Grier-Reed, TL. The African American Student Network: Creating sanctuaries and counter spaces for coping with racial microaggressions in higher education settings. Journal of Humanistic Counseling Education and Development 2010; 49:181-188.

Grier-Reed, T, Arcinue, F, Inman. E. The African American Student Network: An intervention for retention. Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory, & Practice 2016; 18: 183-193.

Grier-Reed, T, Ehlert, J, Dade, S. Profiling the African American Student Network. The Learning Assistance Review 2011; 16: 21-30.

Grier-Reed, T, Madyun, N, Buckley C. Low Black student retention on a predominantly White campus: Two faculty respond with the African American Student Network. Journal of College Student Development 2008; 49: 476-485.

Grier-Reed, T, Wilson, R. J. The African American Student Network: An exploration of Black students’ ego networks at a predominantly White institution. Journal of Black Psychology 2016; 42: 374-386.

Harris-Perry MV. Sister citizen: Shame, stereotypes, and Black women in America. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2011.

Hendry LB, Kloep M. (Redressing the emperor!—A rejoinder to Arnett. Child Development Perspectives 2007; 1: 83-85.

Hill CE, Knox S, Thompson BJ, et al. Consensual qualitative research: An update. Journal of Counseling Psychology 2005; 52: 196-205.

Hill CE, Thompson BJ, Williams EN. A guide to conducting consensual qualitative research. The Counseling Psychologist 1997; 25: 517-572.

Hope EC, Hoggard LS, Thomas A. Emerging into adulthood in the face of racial discrimination: Physiological, psychological, and sociopolitical consequences for African American youth. Translational Issues in Psychological Science 2015; 1: 342-351.

Jernigan MM, Green CE, Perez-Gualdron L, et al. #racialtraumaisreal. Institute for the Study and Promotion of Race and Culture 2015. Retrieved from www.bc.edu/content/dam/files/schools/lsoe_sites/isprc/pdf/racialtraumaisrealManuscript.pdf

Keniston K. Youth and dissent: The rise of a new opposition. New York, NY: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich 1971.

McAdams DP. The psychology of life stories. Review of General Psychology 2001; 5: 100-122.

Purdie-Vaughns V, Eibach RP. Intersectional invisibility: The distinctive advantages and disadvantages of multiple subordinate-group identities. Sex Roles 2008; 59: 377-391.

Reynolds JE, Gonzales-Backen MA, Allen KA, et al. Ethnic–racial identity of Black emerging adults:

The role of parenting and ethnic–racial socialization. Journal of Family Issues 2017; 38: 2200-2224.

Strayhorn T. The burden of proof: A quantitative study of high-achieving Black collegians. Journal of African American Studies 2009; 13: 375-387.

Syed M, Mitchell LL. Race, ethnicity, and emerging adulthood: Retrospect and prospects.Emerging Adulthood 2013; 1: 83-95.

Umaña-Taylor AJ. A post-racial society in which ethnic-racial discrimination still exists and has significant consequences for youths’ adjustment. Current Directions in Psychological Science 2016; 25: 111-118.

Umaña-Taylor AJ, Lee RM, Rivas-Drake D, et al. Ethnic and racial identity during adolescence and

into young adulthood: An integrated conceptualization. Child Development 2014; 85: 21-39.

West LM, Donovan RA, Daniel, AR. The price of strength: Black college women’s perspectives on the strong Black woman stereotype. Women & Therapy 2016; 39: 390-412.


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18063/esp.v0.i0.824
(10 Abstract Views, 4 PDF Downloads)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Tabitha Grier-Reed 1, Alex Ajayi 2, Danielle Cotton3, Robert Wilson 4

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.