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Research Articles

by CIGDEM SAKICI
37 Views, 28 PDF Downloads
The aim of the study is to show which areas mainly prefered when the people want to carry out recreational activities in the Kastamonu city center and determine the appropriateness of this area for recreative activity. A questionnaire study was conducted with 100 randomly selected people in order to determine the most frequently used open green area in terms of recreational activity in Kastamonu and the results showed that 89% of the participants prefer the Clock Tower. Thus Clock Tower was determined as a research area in this study. It is revealed the current state of the Clock Tower in scope of the study, plants are used in this area and the purpose of use of these plants is determined and how frequently users use this area and the reasons for not frequent use. In addition, activities that are effected in the area and changes in mood after using the area. The second survey study was conducted on users of the area consisting of 118 people. It is revealed space  features existing at Clock Tower and events area identified after that space features that users want to be in this area and events areas. Thus, the aim of the area is to determine the users' expectations and the deficiencies and problems in this area.
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Research Articles

by Nidup Dorji 1, Michael Dunn 2, Mahesh Gurung 3
54 Views, 28 PDF Downloads

Wellbeing is a complex combination of physical, psychological, emotional, and social health factors of a person. Feeling of wellbeing is essential for the overall health of a person, and enables them to be successful and achieve what they want in life. There is paucity of study on the wellbeing of older adults in Bhutan. This study attempted to assess how older adults in Bhutan perceive their wellbeing and determine its socio-demographic correlates. World Health Organization Five Wellbeing Index was applied to measure wellbeing. Findings indicated above average wellbeing score with nature of relationship with children, education level, and employment status as an independent correlates. Efforts to enhance relationship between family members could be more relevant for the wellbeing of older adults. Further research on wellbeing is required to incorporate determinants other than socio-demographic variables.

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Research Articles

by Priscilla D Allen, Amy L Wright
18 Views, 12 PDF Downloads

Louisiana, a Southern coastal state in the United States flanked by Texas and Mississippi, has seen its share of disasters in the past several decades. From epic Hurricane Camille in 1969 to Hurricane Katrina in 2005, with pervasive aftermath and local, national and global media coverage. The article describes the thousand year flood meaning the extent of this magnitude only happens once in a thousand years. Experiences seem to be fading from the collective memory, despite massive loss of property, businesses, life and landscape. The article shares two flood stories, one single male who is a painter and lost everything in a remote and rural place in French Settlement, and is still homeless, and one doctoral student who was in a more populated suburb of Baton Rouge and has since rebuilt her home with her partner. Both people continue to be productive against the devastating loss of being physically displaced from their homes for months. The article’s intent is not to establish hypotheses or theory, but to share narratives nested in a time where humanity in coverage and science seems left to what the political flavor of the day is. The people persist. Even when others don’t pay much mind.

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Research Articles

by Himanshi Rastogi 1
33 Views, 12 PDF Downloads

Behaviour plays an important role in advancement of sustainable development. It is a classical social dilemma of what is common good in long run is not necessarily the best for individual utility maximization. Reassuringly, individuals are increasingly concerned with sustainability and are highly aware of environmental impact of their own behaviours. But there lies a discrepancy in actual behaviours and the intended concern for environment. The discrepancy has attracted researches from diverse scientific disciplines. The paper explores the importance of individual over group by traversing through theoretical paradoxes.

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Research Articles

by Ezebuilo Ukwueze
14 Views, 11 PDF Downloads

Following neoclassical growth model, people became deeply interested in the factors that lead to economic growth, characterized by diminishing marginal returns, exogenously determined technical progress and substitutability between the factors of production, namely capital and labour. The new or endogenous growth theory enunciated different sets of factors for economic growth as human capital and innovation capacity. New wave of empiricists with the use of cross-sectional and panel econometrics identified the determinants of economic growth with better precision and confidence. The study is aimed at finding the institutional determinants of economic growth in ECOWAS countries. The panel data analysis – using data collected form Quality of Governance (QoG), (1946 – 2012) - suggests that countries are heterogeneous, controls for heterogeneity and collinearity, from whose result shows that for all the countries studied, institutions matter for growth except for political stability. It is also evident from the results that the institutions matter for economic growth, while integration does not among ECOWAS Economies.

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Research Articles

by Joy Soo 1, TAN Soo Yin 1*, YANG Keming 2
25 Views, 22 PDF Downloads
Many well-established sociological studies pertaining to the salubrious link between social relations and mental health have been published. In particular, numerous researchers address the issue of how social isolation and lack of family support and social ties can adversely affect one’s mental well-being. In this paper, we seek to identify and explore the relationships between people who were clinically diagnosed with depression and the aspects of their social environment, namely their social and family circumstances in the UK adult population. One hundred and ten blogs mentioning depression as their main condition were selected from a mental health support website, Time-to-Change, for analysis. As not many studies have analysed such narratives, we expected the analysis to provide a fresher and deeper understanding of the experiences of those afflicted with depression. We observed that there is a consistent discourse emphasising the importance of social support from close loved ones, in particular friends and family members. There is evidence that social circumstances can be mediating factors in depression.
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Research Articles

by Matt Broadway-Horner 1
28 Views, 16 PDF Downloads

This paper seeks to explore the aspects of being made homeless or Internally Displaced person (IDP) and how the team attempted to assess this. The team of 10 psychological researchers and statisticians spent a day at 5 camps in 4 locations within Kegalle, Sri Lanka. The languages within the team are Tamil, English and Sinhalese. The aim to find out if depression, anxiety and trauma symptoms are evident within child, adolescents and adults categories, 3 months after the landslide triggered by the storm Roanu May 2016. The participants volunteered to be interviewed using self report measures. The psychological researchers did have undergraduate and post graduate degrees in psychology. Whilst the project lead had clinical experience, the researchers did not and so this was their first field trip. The research was granted ethical clearance by the ethics board at CIRP – Colombo. Unfortunately, due to low numbers, significance is problematic and so this paper addresses the experience and lessons learned by implication for professional growth and future research with IDP. But the impact upon men’s health becomes clear as the team discovers the psychosocial aspects of being homeless.

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Research Articles

by Nidup Dorji
11 Views, 12 PDF Downloads

Wellbeing is a complex combination of physical, psychological, emotional, and social health factors of a person. Feeling of wellbeing is essential for the overall health of a person, and enables them to be successful and achieve what they want in life. There is paucity of study on the wellbeing of older adults in Bhutan. This study attempted to assess how older adults in Bhutan perceive their wellbeing and determine its socio-demographic correlates. World Health Organization Five Wellbeing Index was applied to measure wellbeing. Findings indicated above average wellbeing score with nature of relationship with children, education level, and employment status as an independent correlates. Efforts to enhance relationship between family members could be more relevant for the wellbeing of older adults. Further research on wellbeing is required to incorporate determinants other than socio-demographic variables.

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Research Articles

by Janet Mmbaha 1, Mugala Bulinda 2
20 Views, 20 PDF Downloads

Numerous studies have been conducted on alcohol and sports among student athletes focusing on the causes, consequence, and intervention measures. However, information is scarce about the perspectives of coaches on alcohol consumption among student athletes. This study examined knowledge and perspectives of coaches on alcohol use among student athletes. Sixty coaches (N-60) were purposively selected from public universities in Kenya.  A self-reported questionnaire was used to collect data. Findings indicate coaches to have lengthy experience in coaching and they were aware of alcohol consumption among student athletes. Student athletes consumed more alcohol off-season than during season. Senior students consumed more alcohol than the other students. Coaches lacked support of administrators in enforcing anti-alcohol policies. Education, counseling and benching the players were the commonly used intervention measures by coaches.

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Research Articles

by Sílvia Luís 2, Gabriela Gaspar 1
19 Views, 18 PDF Downloads

Health organizations recommend avoiding direct sunlight exposure usually between 11 am and 5 pm. Nevertheless, it is common to see people on the beach during all day. This study focuses on understanding if sunlight exposure risk might be normalized. Risk normalization is a process by which people minimize a perceive threat to psychologically cope with it, frequently by using positive illusions. A pilot study (N = 44) suggests that the positive illusions most referred to explain exposition at unrecommended hours are the use of protective measures. To explore if knowledge of sunlight exposure risk and risk perception were negatively associated, illustrating risk normalization, a questionnaire was applied to a convenience sample (N = 276). This effect was found among those individuals that exposed themselves to sunlight between 12 am and 3 pm and reported a use of protective measures that was above the average. Furthermore, health literacy moderated the negative relation between knowledge and risk perception. This study suggests that it is important communicating that the use of protective measures during unrecommended hours does not guarantee protection, promoting health literacy, as it can minimize risk normalization, and understanding how information on risks and benefits interacts to influence risk perception.

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Research Articles

by Arezou Aghaei Kutanaei 1*, Ghasem Omidvar 2
11 Views, 5 PDF Downloads

Today, it is necessary to use bookless libraries due to the increasing addition of new scientific articles and documents to previous sources and other related problems. This study aimed to propose a model for introducing the environmental psychology indices of the bookless library for Art and Architecture faculties by studying a case study at the Faculties of Art and Architecture of the Islamic Azad University, Tehran South Branch. This research, based on its nature, subject and objectives, used quantitative method. Statistical population of the study was the students studying at abovementioned faculties. Stratified random sampling method was employed to select the participants. The study was carried out in eight steps. In the first step, library resources such as books and reputable scientific articles were used for collecting the basic data. In the second step, reputable articles were used to find scientific design indices. In the third step, some indices were selected from the obtained indices for the design, and a questionnaire was prepared based on them. In the fourth step, the opinion of the supervisor was used for assessing the validity of the questionnaire, and the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was used for measuring the reliability of the questionnaire. In the fifth step, questionnaires were distributed among the students and their agreement to each index in the design was questioned. In the sixth step, the data obtained from the questionnaires was divided into three groups of variables: environmental psychology, internal architecture and digital equipment and furniture, then the data was analyzed by SPSS. The seventh step dealt with the hypotheses. Kolmogorov Smirnov Est, one-sample t-test, independent t-test and one-way variance analysis was used to test the hypotheses. In the final step, the results were obtained to prioritize the indices of internal space design. The results showed that indices with a mean more than 4 were mentioned as core indices, and indices with a score of more than 3.5 were considered as important indices. Finally, it can be concluded that the mentioned indexes will provide a desirable environment for designing a bookless library.

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Review Articles

by Debra Mims 1, Rhondda Waddell 1, Jessie Holton 1
48 Views, 37 PDF Downloads

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the perceptions of jail inmates participating in the Paws and Stripes College program. The Paws and Stripes College program involves incarcerated inmates training local humane shelter canines’ obedience training techniques using the canine good citizen model as well as teaching the canines skills in which to participate as comfort/emotional support dogs. Using secondary data from self-report questionnaires completed by the inmates, this study sought to explore how the inmates felt before and after their exposure to the Paws and Stripes College program. Specifically, if the inmates felt that participation in the program was beneficial to them or not, and if so, how. 

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Review Articles

by Agnieszka Olszewska-Guizzo
12 Views, 5 PDF Downloads

This review aims to show the current state of the knowledge in the area of the visual quality of landscapes in urbanized areas and their influence on people’s mental health and well-being. This falls under the passive recreation and passive exposure to the environmental stimuli present in our cities (such as walking in nature, quiet contemplation) as opposed to active interactions with the landscapes such as horticulture therapy, meditation, etc. Passive exposure to natural or built environments can shape our mental health patterns throughout the life cycle.

Although we know that the quantity of green spaces in the cities can improve the well-being of city inhabitants and contact with natural environments can alleviate various psychological disorders, it is also likely that the quality of green spaces, including seemingly irrelevant landscape design nuances, can play a more important role for our mental health.

Currently, one can observe a strong demand from policy makers for generating scientific evidence-based knowledge to provide recommendations for urban design and the maintenance of green spaces. The Contemplative Landscape Model (CLM) is an operationalised construct which includes aesthetic, environmental and mental health values of landscapes, and could serve as a useful tool to assist in the current need for knowledge. However, more research with an emphasis on causal relationships is needed.
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Commentaries

by Clarence St.Hilaire
14 Views, 48 PDF Downloads

This article discusses Jungian psychology as a debated, and exclusionary field of psychology using Carl Jung’s influential work to provide light on analytical or environmental psychology, and to present the theoretical rapprochement between Jungian and Freudian theories[4].  A succinct look at the realm of analytical psychology is still pertinent looking at the role of environmental psychology considering several demands from the modern world. To position Jung in minority spheres, where most of his critics have seen expressions of discrimination, and anti-Semitism, the key principles of Jungian theories will be highlighted considering various researchers to ascertain whether there is limited knowledge for this mindful inquiry[2]. In terms of environmental psychology, Jung’s relevance is important to assess. The many perspectives espoused by Jungian advocates warrant further analysis and research, but are necessary to reflect on today’s societal needs for positive, environmental, humanistic psychology, and potential creation of the psyche as a social transformational tool in psychoanalysis.

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Commentaries

by Zingiswa Jojo
28 Views, 24 PDF Downloads
This article chronicles how aconducive environment creates arestoration of dignity to disadvantaged mathematics foundation learners. The variation theory was used to provide the sequential building blocks required to learn foundation mathematics to grade 1- 5 learners in a district in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. A sample of 23 learners participated in this study. Structured worksheets covering mathematics content for grade 1-5 were prepared for the learners to practice after school in a homework club on their own, in rural settings in a study that followed qualitative methods. Results indicated how the creation of a supportive and caring environment developed the learners’ resilience, restored their dignity and increased their competence in understanding of basic mathematics concepts. The learners also developed good relationships with each other while they shared information and helped others to restore their dignity and led them ultimately to independence of acquiring other mathematical skills and ownership of the learning experiences. The intervention with the after school programme may serve as a suitable environment for the disadvantaged learners and restore their competence in understanding mathematics concepts while providing a platform for learners to share knowledge gained with the underprivileged ones.
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Commentaries

by FLAVIO BIZARRIAS 1*, Jayne Nunes Santos 2, Marlette Cassia Oliveira Ferreira 3, Jussara Cucato 4, Jussara Goulart da Silva 5
36 Views, 28 PDF Downloads
In the last decades, both research and practice in society related to environmental and sustainability issues have been on the global agenda. The great challenge is to reconcile the interests of consumers, organizations and the environmental preservation agenda, coupled with economic development in terms of consumption. Within this scenario, this study investigates the intention to buy sustainable products from the information and perceptions of consumers regarding environmental issues, when mediated by the attitudes towards sustainable products. To reach this goal a survey was applied to Brazilian citizens from a region linked to nature. The data were analyzed using structural equation modeling, and the a series of regressions[1]  trough the macro Process. The results indicate that the formation of attitudes is more influenced by information about sustainability than by the perceptions of the consumers. Moreover, the data reveal the crucial mediating role of the attitude towards sustainable products to construct an equally sustainable behavior in terms of consumption when measured by the intention to buy sustainable products. These results suggest that a phase of information generation on sustainability is in transition to a stage linked to the construction and solidification of beliefs.
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Commentaries

by Mohd Idrus
25 Views, 10 PDF Downloads
This week, more than half of the Malay communities throng social media spaces to voice 'jihad' efforts, calling into condemnation towards the largest commercial fast food company, McDonalds, in their outrage against the cruelty of the Israelis. It has caused a major uproar so much so that the Ministry of Youth and Sports, Khairy Jamaluddin has operationalized such hostility towards Israelis as "Gaza solidarity," inculcating the spirit of brotherhood among Muslims.
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Commentaries

by Fadhlur Rahim 1, Haslinda Musa 2
45 Views, 29 PDF Downloads

In the context of technology, the organization should be well fitted to implement green practice. Environmental practices have been well studied but only a few studies have presented the green innovation practices of corporate firms in Malaysia. This study focused on the awareness of green practices which were concerted upon organizational (Training Program), environment (Government Regulation & Policies) and individual context (Knowledge). A total of 108 questionnaires were returned out of 200. Reliability analyses were applied to test reliability of the instrument. Meanwhile, regression analysis was applied to determine the predicted factors for green practices towards the awareness of green practices. The results of the analysis indicated knowledge of employees as the most influencing factors to the awareness of green practices. For the practicality of this study, green technology is anticipated to be well implemented when  these practices are understood.

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Commentaries

by Beatriz Palacios-Florencio
5 Views, 9 PDF Downloads

The concern for energy use and energy efficiency is a question of vital relevance and urgency in the current world. A search in Google Scholar with the term “energy use” produces more than 2 million results. If the search is restricted to the term “tourism”, more than 220,000 results are obtained and if we use together the terms “energy use” and “corporate social responsibility” (CSR) we get more than 19,000 results. Nevertheless, the authors have been unable to identify scientific studies centered on the problem of the energy use in the area of the tourist sector and CSR.  The aim of this paper is identify the most usual subjects or topics which appear in the scientific literature analyzed, evaluate the documentary sources that show a greater degree of presence and which can be considered as more relevant and influential and to point out who the most relevant and prestigious authors are who are currently writing about the topics considered. 

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