International Journal of Population Studies

Editor-in-ChiefGu, Danan

ISSN: 2424-8606 (Online)

ISSN: 2424-8150 (Print)

Journal Abbreviation: Int J Popul Stud

Publication Frequency: bi-annual

Article Processing Charges (APC): Click here for more details

Publishing Model: Open Access

Journal no: 9P

About the Journal

International Journal of Population Studies (IJPS) is an open access, multidisciplinary journal that publishes high quality original research and timely reviews of recent advances and emerging issues in population processes; dynamics of fertility, mortality, and migration; and linkages with socioeconomic and environmental change across times, spaces, and cultures.

The journal aims to provide a platform for researchers worldwide to promote and share cutting-edge knowledge and advances in different areas of population research. Article formats include original research, commentaries, meta analyses, perspectives, shorter technical research notes, review essays, and book reviews that address demography and population-related issues. The journal also offers special issues arising from conferences and other meetings.

Recently Published Articles

Research Articles

Marten Lagergren, Noriko Kurube, Yasuhiko Saito
38 Views, 38 PDF Downloads

A simulation model has been developed, which looks at the future state of functional limitations and provision of long-term care from the individual’s point of view and compares the prospects of Japanese and Swedish old persons. The model calculates the distribution on level of functional limitations combined with level of long-term care (LTC) for a 78-year-old man or woman after 3, 6, 9, 12 and 15 years given the initial state expressed in those terms.
Longitudinal data for the model has been taken from the Nihon University Japanese Longitudinal Study of Aging (NUJLSOA) study, two waves three years apart, and the Swedish National Study of Aging and Care (SNAC) study, baseline and three-year follow up. Transition probabilities are calculated by relating individual states between waves. Changes over time are then calculated in the model by matrix multiplication using the Markov assumption.
The results are in most respects similar for Japan and Sweden. A difference is that institutional care in Sweden is a much more definite stage reflecting differences in end-of-life care policy. Future state and mortality depends to a great degree on the initial state, both in terms of dependency and level of LTC. Thus, 78-year-old people who have no functional dependency and no LTC have a much higher probability of surviving the coming 10–15 years than people of the same age who already are dependent and in need of LTC services. Not a few of the initially independent 78-year-old persons will retain that state even after 15 years. However, the effect of the initial state seems to decrease over time.


Research Articles

Danan Gu, Qiushi Feng, Jessica M. Sautter, Li Qiu
83 Views, 61 PDF Downloads

We examined whether exposure to urban environments was linked with mortality in a longitudinal survey dataset of nearly 28,000 Chinese adults who were 65 years of age or older in the years 2002–2014. Urban life exposure was measured by residential status at birth, current residential status, and urban-related primary lifetime occupation, which generated eight different categories of urban life exposure: no exposure, mid-life-only exposure, late-life-only exposure, mid-late-life exposure, early-life-only exposure, early-mid-life exposure, early- & late-life exposure, and full life exposure. We also included a measure of migration, whether the respondent lived in the same county/city at birth and at first interview, to further classify these eight categories. Overall, we found that when demographics were controlled for, compared to those with no urban life exposure and no migration, mortality risk was lower for older adults with mid-late life exposure with or without migration and for older adults with full-life exposure with migration; mortality risk was higher for older adults with early-life-only exposure. Once socioeconomic status, family/social support, health behaviors, and baseline health were simultaneously controlled for, only the higher mortality risk for older adults with early-life-only exposure was still significant. Our findings provided valuable information about how urban life exposure at different life stages was associated with elderly mortality in China.


Research Articles

Md. Ismail Tareque, Yasuhiko Saito
69 Views, 59 PDF Downloads

In Bangladesh, although some research on health expectancy exists, life expectancies with and without hypertension (HTN) have never been computed. We examined gender differences in the prevalence of hypertension and Hypertension-Free Life Expectancy (HFLE) in Bangladesh. We used data from a nationally representative survey of 7,864 people aged 35 and older. We classified an individual as having HTN if s/he had blood pressure levels ≥140 mmHg systolic blood pressure or ≥90 mmHg diastolic blood pressure, or s/he was at the time on antihypertensive medication. The Sullivan method was employed to compute HFLE. We found that women have HTN in significantly higher percentages (32% of women vs. 19% of men), and the prevalence of HTN increases as age increases for both men and women. Among individuals with HTN, individuals unaware of HTN make up the largest group, followed by those with uncontrolled HTN, controlled HTN, and those who are aware of HTN but not in treatment. Compared with men, women could expect shorter HFLE at all ages, in terms of both number and proportion of years. To increase HFLE as well as quality of life and to prevent and control HTN in general and unawareness of HTN and uncontrolled HTN in particular, special care and attention should be given to women and older adults. The findings shed important light on the role of HTN in lowering the quality of life in Bangladesh.



Research Articles

Bernardo Lanza Queiroz
149 Views, 29 PDF Downloads

This paper investigates the coverage of public pension programs in Latin America and discusses the relation between economic development, the existence of public pension programs, and elderly labor force participation. The paper presents stylized facts about the labor force by age and the connection between economic development and labor supply using aggregated data from 23 Latin American countries. The second part of the paper uses regression models to investigate the effects of economic development and social security system on the labor force participation of the older adults in 23 Latin American countries over the period 1990–2010. The results show that in lower income Latin American countries, most men remained in the labor force until age 65 or beyond and that with economic development and related changes, the labor force participation of older men, even those aged 55–59, starts to decline. Overall, the paper provides some insight on the evolution of labor supply patterns in less developed economies with rising income, changes in population age structure, shifts in occupational composition, and development in public pension programs.


Research Articles

Na Yin, Frank Heiland
37 Views, 24 PDF Downloads

Using data on disability vignettes from representative surveys in the U.S. and seven European countries, we conduct a comparative analysis of disability policies and public views on work limitations. We hypothesize that program characteristics are related to individuals’ perceptions about work limitations. Looking at how respondents across countries characterize identical disability vignettes, we find evidence that disability policy dimensions such as policy coverage, medical assessment, and vocational assessment strongly predict disability perceptions. We illustrate the results in a series of counterfactual policy simulations. Our findings have implications for policy design and delivery. The anchoring vignette approach may also be useful in a wide range of comparative policy studies.


Research Articles

Zhenmei Zhang, I-Fen Lin
49 Views, 25 PDF Downloads

With the rapid aging of the Chinese population, growing attention has been given to old-age support. Widowed older adults constitute a particularly vulnerable population because the loss of a spouse can lead to financial hardships and emotional distress. We used data from the 2002 Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey to examine multiple dimensions of old-age support among a nationwide sample of widowed old adults ages 65 and older (N = 10,511). The results show that Chinese widows and widowers rely heavily on their adult children, particularly sons and daughters-in-law, for financial, instrumental, and emotional support. Widowed older adults’ needs and the number of children are the most significant predictors of old-age support. Widowed older adults with multiple marriages have a lower likelihood of receiving financial assistance, sick care, and emotional support from their children compared to their counterparts who have married only once. There appears to be same-gender preference in adult children’s care for their widowed parents with disabilities.



Mark Lyons-Amos
198 Views, 111 PDF Downloads
Multilevel modelling techniques such as random models or fixed effect are increasingly used in social sciences and demography to both account for clustering within higher level aggregations and evaluate the interaction between individual and contextual information. While this is justifiable in some studies, the extension of multilevel models to national level analysis — and particularly cross-national comparative analysis — is problematic and can hamper the understanding of the interplay between individual and country level characteristics. This paper proposes an alternative approach, which allocates countries to classes based on economic, labour market and policy characteristics. Classes influence the profiles of three key demographic behaviours at a sub-national level: marriage, cohabitation and first birth timing. Woman level data are drawn from a subset of the Harmonized Histories dataset, and national level information from the GGP contextual database. In this example, three country classes are extracted reflecting two Western patterns and an Eastern pattern, divided approximately along the Hajnal line. While Western countries tend to exhibit higher levels of family allowances albeit accounting for a lower share of spending which is associated with lower marriage and later fertility, Eastern countries generally show a higher share of spending but at lower absolute levels with lower cohabitation rates and early fertility.


Danan Gu, Runlong Huang, Kirill Andreev, Matthew E. Dupre, Yaer Zhuang, Hongyan Liu
202 Views, 205 PDF Downloads
This study examined the possible underestimation and age-trajectories of mortality at oldest-old ages in China’s 2000 and 2010 censuses. By linking logit-transformed conditional probabilities of dying from 13 countries with the highest data quality in the world, this study found that many Chinese provinces had underestimations of mortality at oldest-old ages when a relatively lenient criterion was applied. When a relatively strict criterion was applied, most provinces had a 30% or more underestimation in the probability of dying. We also investigated age trajectories of death rates after age 80 in these two censuses by applying the Kannisto model. Results showed that the age trajectories were distorted in most provinces after age 95. Overall, eastern-coastal provinces had higher data quality — in terms of low underestimation rates and less distorted age trajectories — whereas western China had provinces with problematic data. Females had greater rates of underestimation yet less distorted age-trajectories than males; and the 2010 census had greater rates of underestimation yet less distorted age-trajectories than the 2000 census. We conclude that appropriate adjustments with simultaneous applications of the Kannisto model are needed for direct estimates of mortality at oldest-old ages in the 2000 and 2010 censuses for China and for its provinces.

Research Articles

Sizhe Liu, Wei Zhang
67 Views, 60 PDF Downloads
Focusing on Asian-American immigrants in the National Latino and Asian American Study, this work examines (1) whether immigration-related stressors are associated with 12-month depressive disorder and suicidal ideation, and (2) how individual religious involvement moderates the associations. Findings from regression analyses reveal that limited English proficiency increases the risk of both 12-month depressive disorder and suicidal ideation. No significant differences in 12-month depressive disorder and suicidal ideation are found by age at immigration. Most importantly, religious coping — frequently seeking comfort from religion — buffers the negative effects of limited English proficiency on suicidal ideation. Our findings suggest the importance of individual religious involvement in helping Asian-American immigrants cope with stress associated with immigration. Mental health professionals may need to integrate religious coping mechanisms into the clinical setting to offer more effective treatments that are sensitive to individuals’ religious and spiritual needs.

Research Articles

Luciana Correia Alves, Natália Martins Arruda
66 Views, 48 PDF Downloads
The objective of this study was to estimate life expectancy with and without a specific chronic disease among the Brazilian elderly population, by sex and socioeconomic factors, for the years 1998 and 2008. Life expectancy with and without hypertension, diabetes, bronchitis/asthma, and heart disease were calculated using the Sullivan method and prevalence estimates from data collected in the two years through the Brazilian National Household Survey (PNAD). Hypertension was the chronic disease with the largest effect on life expectancy. Among socioeconomic determinants, education proved more relevant than income. Having more years of education increased the average healthy time. Socioeconomic inequality negatively affected the health of women more than men. Despite the social changes in Brazil in recent decades with a reduction in inequality and poverty, the effect of socioeconomic inequality in the country on the health status of the elderly remains evident.
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Indexing and Archiving

International Journal of Population Studies (IJPS) aims to be indexed by world-recognized databases, for example, PubMed and Scopus. IJPS has been indexed by several world class abstracting/indexing databases:

1. Scilit

2. CNKI Scholar

3. Crossref

Editorial Board


Danan GuUnited NationsUnited States

Associate Editors

Ernesto F.L. AmaralRAND CorporationsUnited States
Kailash Chandra DasInternational Institute for Population SciencesIndia
Anastasia KostakiAthens University of Economics and BusinessGreece
Bernardo Lanza QueirozCedeplarBrazil

Editorial Board Members

Huda Alkitkat

Independent Researcher


Luciana Correia Alves

University of Campinas – UNICAMP


Tianji Cai

University of Macau


Sutthida Chuanwan

Mahidol University


Angel M. Foster

University of Ottawa


Kees van der Geest

United Nations University


Qin Hua

University of Missouri-Columbia


Sangram Kishor Patel

Population Council


Hiroaki Matsuura

Shoin University


Joyce Ndueh Mumah

African Population and Health Research Center

South Africa

Lorretta Ntoimo

Federal University Oye-Ekiti


Gaston Pierri

World Bank

United States

Roza Gomez Redondo

National Distance Education University


Amany Refaat

Walden University

United States

Yuan Ren

Fudan University


Sylvia Szabo

University of Southampton

United Kingdom

Rebecca M Tippett

Carolina Population Center

United States

Denese Ashbaugh Vlosky

ChildFund International

United States

Hongwei Xu

University of Michigan

United States


Focus and Scope

International Journal of Population Studies (IJPS) is an open access, multidisciplinary journal that publishes high quality original research and timely reviews of recent advances and emerging issues in population processes; dynamics of fertility, mortality, and migration; and linkages with socioeconomic and environmental change across times, spaces, and cultures.

The journal aims to provide a platform for researchers worldwide to promote and share cutting-edge knowledge and advances in different areas of population research. Article formats include original research, commentaries, meta analyses, perspectives, shorter technical research notes, review essays, and book reviews that address demography and population-related issues. The journal also offers special issues arising from conferences and other meetings.

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      Terauchi Y, Takamoto I, Kubota N, Matsui J, Suzuki R, Komeda K, Hara A, Toyoda Y, Miwa I, Aizawa S, Tsutsumi S, Tsubamoto Y, Hashimoto S, Eto K, Nakamura A, Noda M, Tobe K, Aburatani H, Nagai R, Kadowaki T. Glucokinase and IRS-2 are required for compensatory beta cell hyperplasia in response to high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance. J Clin Invest 2007; 117(1): 246–57. doi: 10.1172/JCI17645.
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      Massone L, Borghi S, Pestarino A, Piccini R, Gambini C. Localisations palmaires purpuriques de la dermatite herpetiforme (French) [Purpuric palmar sites of dermatitis herpetiformis]. Ann Dermatol Venerol 1987; 114(12): 1545–1547.
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Article Processing Charges (APC)

International Journal of Population Studies is an Open Access Journal under Whioce Publishing. All articles published in International Journal of Population Studies are accessible electronically from the journal website without commencing any kind of payment. In order to ensure contents are freely available and maintain publishing quality, Article Process Charges (APC) is applicable to all authors who wish to submit their articles to the journal to cover the cost incurred in processing the manuscripts. Such cost will cover the peer-review, copyediting, typesetting, publishing, content depositing and archiving processes. Those charges are applicable only to authors who have their manuscript successfully accepted after peer-review.

Journal TitleAPC
International Journal of Population Studies$800

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Announcement: IJPS Volume 3, Issue 1 is now live!

We are pleased to announce that the latest issue of International Journal of Population Studies (August 2017, Vol. 3, Issue 1) has been published, and is currently available for download.  
Posted: 2017-08-30 More...

Call for papers on a Special Issue


Family Trends and Dynamics and Their Impacts in the 21st Century

Guest Editor
Rongjun Sun, Ph.D.
Department of Criminology, Anthropology & Sociology
Cleveland State University
Cleveland, OH 44115

Posted: 2017-02-06 More...
More Announcements...