International Journal of Population Studies

Editor-in-ChiefGu, Danan

ISSN: 2424-8606 (Online)

ISSN: 2424-8150 (Print)

Journal Abbreviation: Int J Popul Stud

Publication Frequency: bi-annual

Article Processing Charges (APC): Click here for more details

Publishing Model: Open Access

Journal no: 9P

About the Journal

International Journal of Population Studies (IJPS) is an open access, multidisciplinary journal that publishes high quality original research and timely reviews of recent advances and emerging issues in population processes; dynamics of fertility, mortality, and migration; and linkages with socioeconomic and environmental change across times, spaces, and cultures.

The journal aims to provide a platform for researchers worldwide to promote and share cutting-edge knowledge and advances in different areas of population research. Article formats include original research, commentaries, meta analyses, perspectives, shorter technical research notes, review essays, and book reviews that address demography and population-related issues. The journal also offers special issues arising from conferences and other meetings.

Recently Published Articles


Luciana Correia Alves, Claudia Cristina Pereira
100 Views, 117 PDF Downloads

Depression brings a great burden of disease to Brazil. This study investigates depression-free life expectancy (DFLE) between 1998 and 2013 in the country. We used data from Brazilian National Household Survey, National Health Survey and Life Tables provided by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics considering individuals 30 years and older. DFLE by race and sex was calculated using the Sullivan method. We observed improvements in DFLE over time, for all race/color groups. In general, men had a smaller share of years lived with depression when compared to women within the same race groups. Compared to whites, blacks/ browns and people of other races/colors had the highest DFLE for both men and women. White women had the lowest percentage of DFLE. Blacks displayed better estimates of DFLE and lower number of years living with depression than whites, despite the evidence of worse health outcomes depicted in the literature. Further research is needed to understand the lower depression prevalence found for blacks that reflects directly into a higher DFLE.



Ashish Kumar Upadhyay, Swati Srivastava, Chhavi Paul
463 Views, 235 PDF Downloads, 22 Supplementary Material Downloads

Unlike its short-term impact on consumption and income, forced migration is expected to deliver a permanent shock to the overall well-being of households, specifically children in the stage of infancy. Studies on the effect of forced migration on child cognitive well-being are few in number. Therefore, the present study is intended to examine the consequences of forced migration during infancy on child cognition at later age. We hypothesized that the effect of forced migration on child cognitive well-being can be mitigated by social support. The study used longitudinal data from three waves of the Young Lives Study (YLS) conducted in 2002, 2006–2007, and 2009 in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. We used bivariate and multivariate regression models to analyze the consequences of forced migration in early childhood on the cognitive well-being in later childhood. The information on forced migration was collected in Wave 1 (at age 1), whereas the information on the cognitive well-being of the children was collected in Wave 3 (at age 8). Child cognitive well-being was measured using scores obtained by the children on the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT), math, Early Grade Reading Assessment (EGRA), and memory tests. The results of the bivariate analysis show that the mean PPVT, math, EGRA, and memory scores obtained by children from the migrated households were lower than those obtained by children from the non-migrated households. Results of the multivariate linear regression models also show that children from the migrated households were statistically less likely to achieve higher scores on math (coefficient: -2.008, 95% C.I.-3.108, -0.908), EGRA (coefficient: -0.746, 95% C.I.-1.366, -0.126), and memory (coefficient: -0.503, 95% C.I. -0.834, -0.173) as compared to children from the non-migrated households. Our findings also indicate that the effect of forced migration on child cognitive well-being was not mitigated by social support. Findings of this study conclude that forced migration during infancy has a significant effect on child cognitive well-being at later age. Therefore, interventions should be made, paying attention to the most vulnerable children who were displaced during critical development ages.

Research Articles

Samuel Abera Zewdie, Vissého Adjiwanou
76 Views, 78 PDF Downloads

The study analyzed infant mortality and its risk factors in South Africa. It aimed to examine infant mortality in the country by taking into account the hierarchical nature of the problem and investigate the with-in country variation in modeling. In addition to the usual individual level risk factors of infant mortality, living standard, mother’s education, and income inequality were defined at municipal level, while HIV prevalence was fixed at province level. A multilevel logistic regression model was then fitted with Bayesian MCMC parameter estimation procedure using the 2011 South African census data. Most of the demographic and socioeconomic variables identified at individual level were found significant. More remarkably, the result indicated that communities with better living standard and women's education were associated with lower infant mortality rates, while higher income inequality and HIV prevalence in the communities were associated higher levels of infant mortality. The changes in infants’ odds of death were estimated to be 26%, -21%, 13% and 8% respectively for HIV, women’s education, income inequality and level of the living standard. In addition, unobservable municipal and province level random effects significantly affected the level of infant mortality rates. 



Patrick Heuveline, Savet Hong
97 Views, 105 PDF Downloads

We analyze the effects of household structure on education in Cambodia. Consistent evidence documents that residence with both biological parents benefits children’s education in Western countries. Elsewhere, the issue is gaining more attention with the growing number of “left-behind children” due to adult migration and, possibly, changes in family behavior. The extant record is both thinner and more contrasted, however. Controlling for the presence of grandparents and some household characteristics, we find children residing with both biological parents are more likely to be enrolled in school, in the appropriate grade for their age, and literate than those living with only one parent. The effect sizes appear comparable to those in most Western countries, but the effects shrink or even disappear when grandparents are present. The results for children not residing with either parent are mixed, possibly resulting from negative effects for some children and positive selection for some others. 


Research Articles

Marten Lagergren, Noriko Kurube, Yasuhiko Saito
147 Views, 123 PDF Downloads

A simulation model has been developed, which looks at the future state of functional limitations and provision of long-term care from the individual’s point of view and compares the prospects of Japanese and Swedish old persons. The model calculates the distribution on level of functional limitations combined with level of long-term care (LTC) for a 78-year-old man or woman after 3, 6, 9, 12 and 15 years given the initial state expressed in those terms.
Longitudinal data for the model has been taken from the Nihon University Japanese Longitudinal Study of Aging (NUJLSOA) study, two waves three years apart, and the Swedish National Study of Aging and Care (SNAC) study, baseline and three-year follow up. Transition probabilities are calculated by relating individual states between waves. Changes over time are then calculated in the model by matrix multiplication using the Markov assumption.
The results are in most respects similar for Japan and Sweden. A difference is that institutional care in Sweden is a much more definite stage reflecting differences in end-of-life care policy. Future state and mortality depends to a great degree on the initial state, both in terms of dependency and level of LTC. Thus, 78-year-old people who have no functional dependency and no LTC have a much higher probability of surviving the coming 10–15 years than people of the same age who already are dependent and in need of LTC services. Not a few of the initially independent 78-year-old persons will retain that state even after 15 years. However, the effect of the initial state seems to decrease over time.


Research Articles

Danan Gu, Qiushi Feng, Jessica M. Sautter, Li Qiu
271 Views, 283 PDF Downloads

We examined whether exposure to urban environments was linked with mortality in a longitudinal survey dataset of nearly 28,000 Chinese adults who were 65 years of age or older in the years 2002–2014. Urban life exposure was measured by residential status at birth, current residential status, and urban-related primary lifetime occupation, which generated eight different categories of urban life exposure: no exposure, mid-life-only exposure, late-life-only exposure, mid-late-life exposure, early-life-only exposure, early-mid-life exposure, early- & late-life exposure, and full life exposure. We also included a measure of migration, whether the respondent lived in the same county/city at birth and at first interview, to further classify these eight categories. Overall, we found that when demographics were controlled for, compared to those with no urban life exposure and no migration, mortality risk was lower for older adults with mid-late life exposure with or without migration and for older adults with full-life exposure with migration; mortality risk was higher for older adults with early-life-only exposure. Once socioeconomic status, family/social support, health behaviors, and baseline health were simultaneously controlled for, only the higher mortality risk for older adults with early-life-only exposure was still significant. Our findings provided valuable information about how urban life exposure at different life stages was associated with elderly mortality in China.


Research Articles

Md. Ismail Tareque, Yasuhiko Saito
278 Views, 167 PDF Downloads

In Bangladesh, although some research on health expectancy exists, life expectancies with and without hypertension (HTN) have never been computed. We examined gender differences in the prevalence of hypertension and Hypertension-Free Life Expectancy (HFLE) in Bangladesh. We used data from a nationally representative survey of 7,864 people aged 35 and older. We classified an individual as having HTN if s/he had blood pressure levels ≥140 mmHg systolic blood pressure or ≥90 mmHg diastolic blood pressure, or s/he was at the time on antihypertensive medication. The Sullivan method was employed to compute HFLE. We found that women have HTN in significantly higher percentages (32% of women vs. 19% of men), and the prevalence of HTN increases as age increases for both men and women. Among individuals with HTN, individuals unaware of HTN make up the largest group, followed by those with uncontrolled HTN, controlled HTN, and those who are aware of HTN but not in treatment. Compared with men, women could expect shorter HFLE at all ages, in terms of both number and proportion of years. To increase HFLE as well as quality of life and to prevent and control HTN in general and unawareness of HTN and uncontrolled HTN in particular, special care and attention should be given to women and older adults. The findings shed important light on the role of HTN in lowering the quality of life in Bangladesh.



Research Articles

Bernardo Lanza Queiroz
301 Views, 114 PDF Downloads

This paper investigates the coverage of public pension programs in Latin America and discusses the relation between economic development, the existence of public pension programs, and elderly labor force participation. The paper presents stylized facts about the labor force by age and the connection between economic development and labor supply using aggregated data from 23 Latin American countries. The second part of the paper uses regression models to investigate the effects of economic development and social security system on the labor force participation of the older adults in 23 Latin American countries over the period 1990–2010. The results show that in lower income Latin American countries, most men remained in the labor force until age 65 or beyond and that with economic development and related changes, the labor force participation of older men, even those aged 55–59, starts to decline. Overall, the paper provides some insight on the evolution of labor supply patterns in less developed economies with rising income, changes in population age structure, shifts in occupational composition, and development in public pension programs.


Research Articles

Na Yin, Frank Heiland
153 Views, 102 PDF Downloads

Using data on disability vignettes from representative surveys in the U.S. and seven European countries, we conduct a comparative analysis of disability policies and public views on work limitations. We hypothesize that program characteristics are related to individuals’ perceptions about work limitations. Looking at how respondents across countries characterize identical disability vignettes, we find evidence that disability policy dimensions such as policy coverage, medical assessment, and vocational assessment strongly predict disability perceptions. We illustrate the results in a series of counterfactual policy simulations. Our findings have implications for policy design and delivery. The anchoring vignette approach may also be useful in a wide range of comparative policy studies.


Research Articles

Zhenmei Zhang, I-Fen Lin
178 Views, 102 PDF Downloads

With the rapid aging of the Chinese population, growing attention has been given to old-age support. Widowed older adults constitute a particularly vulnerable population because the loss of a spouse can lead to financial hardships and emotional distress. We used data from the 2002 Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey to examine multiple dimensions of old-age support among a nationwide sample of widowed old adults ages 65 and older (N = 10,511). The results show that Chinese widows and widowers rely heavily on their adult children, particularly sons and daughters-in-law, for financial, instrumental, and emotional support. Widowed older adults’ needs and the number of children are the most significant predictors of old-age support. Widowed older adults with multiple marriages have a lower likelihood of receiving financial assistance, sick care, and emotional support from their children compared to their counterparts who have married only once. There appears to be same-gender preference in adult children’s care for their widowed parents with disabilities.

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Indexing and Archiving

International Journal of Population Studies (IJPS) aims to be indexed by world-recognized databases, for example, PubMed and Scopus. IJPS has been indexed by several world class abstracting/indexing databases:

Editorial Board


Danan GuUnited NationsUnited States

Associate Editors

Ernesto F.L. AmaralTexas A&M UniversityUnited States
Kailash Chandra DasInternational Institute for Population SciencesIndia
Anastasia KostakiAthens University of Economics and BusinessGreece
Bernardo Lanza QueirozCedeplarBrazil

Editorial Board Members

Click here to see the editorial board members.

Focus and Scope

International Journal of Population Studies (IJPS) is an open access, multidisciplinary journal that publishes high quality original research and timely reviews of recent advances and emerging issues in population processes; dynamics of fertility, mortality, and migration; and linkages with socioeconomic and environmental change across times, spaces, and cultures.

The journal aims to provide a platform for researchers worldwide to promote and share cutting-edge knowledge and advances in different areas of population research. Article formats include original research, commentaries, meta analyses, perspectives, shorter technical research notes, review essays, and book reviews that address demography and population-related issues. The journal also offers special issues arising from conferences and other meetings.

For Authors

  • A manuscript would not be accepted if it has been published or is currently under consideration for publication in any other journals. The author will need to notify the editorial team if the data in their submission has been presented in conferences.

  • Authorship should be limited to people who have contributed substantially to the work. Authors must indicate their specific contributions to the published work. This information should be listed in the manuscript under the section ‘Author Contribution’. Examples of contributions include: designed research, performed research, contributed new reagents or analytic tools, analyzed data, wrote the paper.

    For more information on submission’s format, please refer to the ‘Author Guidelines’ link accessible from the ‘About’ button at the top row of this page.

    The corresponding author should be clearly indicated for all manuscripts submitted. A maximum of two corresponding authors are allowed for the responsibilities associated. The corresponding author(s) is responsible for:

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  • The editorial team does not approve of any plagiarism attempts. iThenticate will be utilized at the editor’s discretion to verify the originality of submitted manuscripts. If plagiarism is detected during the review process the manuscript may be rejected pending the severity of plagiarism. Therefore, if a manuscript uses a text copied directly from another source, this text must be written in quotation marks and the original source must be cited.

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  • Author Guidelines

    Before submitting for publication, please check that your manuscript has been prepared in accordance to the step-by-step instructions for submitting a manuscript to our online submission system.

    Manuscript Format

    Your manuscript should be in MS Word or LaTeX format. You are advised to download the template when preparing your submissions to this journal. All manuscripts must be written in clear, comprehensible English. Both British and American English are accepted. Usage of non-English words should be kept to a minimum and all must be italicized, with the exception of “e.g.” and “i.e.” If you have concerns about the level of English in your submission, please ensure that it is proofread before submission by a native English speaker or a scientific editing service.

    Types of submission accepted:

    International Journal of Bioprinting accepts original articles, reviews, letters, editorials, commentaries, perspectives and position papers. Please read this section further for the definition of each type and select the appropriate option in the submission system. Submissions exceeding the suggested requirements, such as total manuscript length, will still be processed for consideration and peer review. However, article processing charges will differ in exceptional cases (e.g. a raw text file exceeding 2MB, etc.) The article processing charge will then be determined on a case-by-case basis.


    Original articles: Scientific articles on original basic and applied research and/or analysis. This manuscript type typically has 5 tables and figures in total, and has approximately 40 references and 7,000 words (inclusive of reference list and abstract).


    Review articles: A summary highlighting recent developments and current/future trends of the field. This manuscript type typically has 5 tables and figures in total, with approximately 70 references and 7,000 words (inclusive of reference list and abstract).


    Letters to the Editor-in-Chief/authorship (please specify): Comments from reader(s) about individual articles. These letters must be constructive and contribute to the development of individual articles published or the entire journal. Letters containing new ideas, supporting data or data criticizing an article may be subjected to peer-review (determined on a case-by-case basis by the journal’s editorial team) and published in the online publication but not in the printed version. This manuscript type typically has 1,800 words (exclusive of reference list).


    Editorials: Solicited concise commentary highlighting prominent topics in the Journal’s issue. These are the official opinions of the editors of the journal or its special issue. Editorials will be published in both online and printed versions of the journal. This manuscript type typically has 3,500 words.


    Commentaries: Unsolicited commentaries or analysis from reader(s) targeting specific published articles in the journal. Commentaries will be subjected to peer-review and may be published in both online and printed versions of the journal. This manuscript type typically has 3,500 words.


    Perspectives: These are author’s personal opinion on a subject/topic. Unlike Reviews, Perspective articles may cover a more specific, narrow part of the field. However, these are still required to uphold the spirit of academia of being objective as well as aiming to initiate or furthering discussions and novel experimental procedures in the field. Therefore, it will undergo peer review and be indexed if accepted. Accepted articles may be solicited or unsolicited. This manuscript type typically has 5 tables and figures in total, along with approximately 70 references and 7,000 words (inclusive of reference list and abstract).


    Reports: Documents that summarize the execution and results of a clinical case involving bioprinted construct or a collaborative research programme that is directly related to the advancement of bioprinting. Submissions will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis and are usually solicited by the editors.


    Position papers: Submissions that reflect the official opinion of an organization (e.g. government bodies, funding agencies, etc.) This manuscript type typically has 3,500 words.

    Cover Letter

    All submissions should include a cover letter as a separate file and upload it as a supplementary file. A cover letter should contain a brief explanation of what was previously known, the conceptual advancement with the findings and its significance to broad readership. The cover letter is confidential and will be read only by the editors. It will not be seen by reviewers.

    Title Page and List of Authors

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    Main Manuscript

    The main body of a manuscript should include the title of the manuscript and following components: Abstract, Introduction, Data and Method, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Author's Contribution, Ethics, Availability of Supporting Data, Conflict of Interest, Funding, Appendix, Figures, Tables, and References.


    Articles must include an abstract containing a maximum of 200 words. The purpose of abstract is to provide sufficient information for a reader to determine whether or not to proceed to the full text of the article. After the abstract, please give 5 keywords; please avoid using the same words as those already used in the title.

    Section Headings

    Please number the section headings (e.g. 1234, etc.) in boldface. Likewise, use boldface to identify subheadings too but please distinguish it from major headings using numbers (e.g., etc.) Further subsections of subheadings should be differentiated by boldface and italics font with the numbers (1)(2)(3), etc.


    The introduction should provide a background that gives a broad readership an overall outlook of the field and the research performed. It tackles a problem and states its important regarding with the significance of the study. Introduction can conclude with a brief statement of the aim of the work and a comment about whether that aim was achieved.

    Data and Methods

    This section provides the general experimental design and methodologies used. The aim is to provide enough detail to for other investigators to fully replicate the results. It is also required to facilitate better understanding of the results obtained. Protocols and procedures for new methods must be included in detail for the reproducibility of the experiments. Informed consent should be obtained from patients or parents before the experiments start and should be mentioned in this section.


    This section can be divided into subheadings and focuses on the results of the experiments performed.


    This section should provide the significance of the results and identify the impact of the research in a broader context. It should not be redundant or similar to the content of the results section.


    Please use the conclusion section for interpretation only, and not to summarize information already presented in the text or abstract.

    Author's Contribution

    This information should be included in a subheading labeled "Author's Contribution" after the "Conclusions" section. This section must detail individual contribution for each individual author listed on your manuscript.


    If your study involves humans or human data, then your article should contain an ethics statement which includes the name of the committee that approved your study. If ethics was not required for your study, then this should be clearly stated and a rationale provided. If the human data in your research is the secondary data (or a publicly available survey data or census micro sample), the ethics requirement can be waived. Ethics information should include IACUC permit numbers and/or IRB name, if applicable. This information should be included in a subheading labeled "Ethics Statement" after "Author's Contribution".

    Availability of Supporting Data

    International Journal of Population Studies strongly encourages all datasets on which the conclusions of the paper rely be either deposited in publicly available repositories (where available and appropriate) or presented in the main papers or additional supporting files, in machine-readable format whenever possible. Authors must include a section of "Availability of Supporting Data" after "Ethics" section in their article detailing where the data supporting their findings can be found.

    Conflict of Interest

    All authors are required to declare all activities that have the potential to be deemed as a source of competing interest in relations to their submitted manuscript. Examples of such activities could include personal or work-related relationships, events, etc. Authors who have nothing to declare are encouraged to add "No conflict of interest was reported by all authors" in this section.


    Authors should declare all financial and non-financial support that have the potential to be deemed as a source of competing interest in relations to their submitted manuscript in this section. Financial supports are generally in the form of grants, royalties, consulting fees and others. Examples of non-financial support could include the following: externally-supplied equipment/biological sources, writing assistance, administrative support, contributions from non-authors, etc.


    This section is optional and is for all materials (e.g. advanced technical details) that has been excluded from the main text but remain essential to the readers in understanding the manuscripts. This section is not for supplementary figures. Authors are advised to refer to the section on Supplementary Figures for such submissions. 


    The text of the manuscript should be in Microsoft Word or Latex. The length of the manuscript cannot be more than 50,000 characters (inclusive of spaces), or approximately 7,000 words.


    Authors should include all figures into the manuscript and submit it as one file. Figures include photographs, scanned images, graphs, charts and schematic diagrams. Figures submitted should avoid unnecessary decorative effects (e.g. 3D graphs), as well as should be minimally processed (e.g. changes in brightness and contrast applied uniformly for the entire figure). It should also be set against a white background. Please remember to label all figures (e.g. axis, etc.) and add captions below the figure, as required. These captions should be numbered (e.g. Figure 1Figure 2, etc.) in boldface. All figures must have a brief title (also known as caption) that describes the entire figure without citing specific panels, followed by a legend, defined as description of each panel. Please identify each panel with uppercase letters in parenthesis (e.g. (A), (B), (C), etc.)

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    The Editor-in-Chief and Publisher reserve the right to request from author(s) the high-resolution files and unprocessed data and metadata files, should the need arise at any point after manuscript submission for reasons such as production, evaluation or other purposes. The file name should allow for ease in identifying the associated manuscript submitted.

    Tables, Lists and Equations

    Tables created using the Microsoft Word table function are preferred. The tables should be numbered (e.g., Table 1, Table 2, etc.) and should include a title at the top. Titles and footnotes/legends should be concise. These must be submitted together with the manuscript. Likewise, lists and equations should be properly aligned and their meaning clear to readers. For listing things within the main body of the manuscript, please use roman numbers in parenthesis (e.g., (i), (ii), (iii), (iv), etc.). 

    Supplementary Information

    This section is optional and contains all materials and figures that have been excluded from the entire manuscript. These information are relevant to the manuscript but remain non-essential to readers’ understanding of the manuscript’s main content. All supplementary information should be submitted as a separate file in Step 4 during submission. Please ensure the names of such files contain ‘suppl. info’. Videos may be included in this section.

    In-text Citations

    Reference citations in the text should be done using the author-date method in which the author’s surname and the year published are included in the text. If the reference has no known year of publication, use ‘n.d.’ (without the quotation marks). The citation style depends on the number of authors for the reference.


    One author 

    Niemi (2011) illustrated some scenarios to prove this. The theory governs civil society (Niemi, 2011) and social behaviour. In 2011 Niemi described the theory in detail.

    Two authors

    Always use both names. Examples:

    Chandler and Tsai (2001) analyzed data from several reports. This theory was further supported by Chandler and Tsai (2001). In 2001 Chandra and Tsai proposed a possible mitigation measure. The method is proved to be valid in the literature (Chandler and Tsai, 2001).

    Three or more authors

    (1) In leading a sentence, use first author’s name, followed by italicized et al. and the year.

    Examples: Dickson et al. (2014) brought up some points to support such an argument. In 2014 Dickson et al. noted that such initiatives have far-bearing effects.

    (2) In the end of sentence, use all three last names with "and" before the last author's name if there are only three authors; and use all three last names followed by italicized et al. and the year if there are four or more authors. Examples: This was further emphasized and subsequently widely accepted (Dickson, Andersen, and Thompson, 2014; Gates, White, Chen et al., 2016).

    Personal communications and unpublished works can only be used in the main text of the submission and are not to be placed in the Reference section. Authors are advised to limit such usage to the minimum. They should also be easily identifiable by stating the authors and year of such unpublished works or personal communications and the word ‘Unpublished’ in parenthesis.

    E.g. (Smith J, 2000, Unpublished)


    This section is compulsory and should be placed at the end of all manuscripts. The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. 

    The references in reference list should be arranged in alphabetical order of the first author’s surname. Authors referenced should be listed with their surname followed by their initials. All references should also appear as an in-text citation. References should follow the following pattern: Author(s) followed by year of publication, title of publication, full journal name in italics, volume number, issue number in parenthesis and, lastly, page range. If the referred article has more than three authors, list only the first three authors and abbreviate the remaining authors to italicized ‘et al.’ (meaning: "and others"). If the DOI is available, please include it after the page range.


    Journal Articles 
    Journal article (print) with one to three authors 
    Younger P (2004). Using the internet to conduct a literature search. Nursing Standard, 19(6): 45–51.


    Journal article (print) with more than three authors 
    Gamelin FX, Baquet G, Berthoin S, et al. (2009). Effect of high intensity intermittent training on heart rate variability in prepubescent children. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 105: 731–738.


    Journal article (online) with one to three authors 
    Jackson D, Firtko A, and Edenborough M (2007). Personal resilience as a strategy for surviving and thriving in the face of workplace adversity: A literature review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 60(1): 1–9.

    Obisesan TO and Gillum RF (2009). Cognitive function, social integration and mortality in a U.S. national cohort study of older adults. BMC Geriatrics, 9:33. Https://

    Journal article (online) with more than three authors 
    Hargreave M, Jensen A, Nielsen TSS, et al. (2015). Maternal use of fertility drugs and risk of cancer in children—A nationwide population-based cohort study in Denmark. International Journal of Cancer, 136(8): 1931–1939.


    Book with one to three authors 
    Schneider Z, Whitehead D, and Elliott D (2007). Nursing and Midwifery Research: Methods and Appraisal for Evidence-based Practice, 3rd ed. Marrickville, NSW: Elsevier Australia.


    Book with more than three authors 
    Davis M, Charles L, Curry MJ, et al. (2003). Challenging Spatial Norms. London: Routledge.


    Chapter or Article in Book 
    Conway KM (2014). Critical quantitative study of immigrant students. In FK Stage and RS Wells (Eds.), New Scholarship in Critical Quantitative Research — Part 1 (pp. 51–64). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. 



    Reports and conference papers:

    United Nations (2017). World population prospects: The 2017 revision. Key findings and advance tables. New York, NY, USA: United Nations Publications. Accessed on August 10, 2017.

    DiPrete TA, Bol T, Coicca C, and van de Werthorst H (2015). School-to-Work Linkages in the United States, Germany and France. Paper presented at the 2015 Annaul Meeting of the Population Association of America. San Diego, CA. April 30-May 2, 2015. Also available at Accessed on July 19, 2016.


    Online document with author names:

    Este J, Warren C, Connor L, et al., 2008, Life in the clickstream: The future of journalism, Media Entertainment and Arts Alliance, viewed May 27, 2009, foj_report_final.pdf

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    Developing an argument, n.d., viewed March 30, 2009,


    Gale L, 2000, The relationship between leadership and employee empowerment for successful total quality management, thesis, Australasian Digital Thesis database, University of Western Sydney, 110–130.


    Standards Australia Online, 2006Glass in buildings: selection and installation, AS 1288-2006, amended January 31, 2008, SAI Global database, viewed May 19, 2009.

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    National Commission of Audit, 1996, Report to the Commonwealth Government, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

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    Department of Health and Ageing, 2008, Ageing and aged care in Australia, viewed November 10, 2008,

    No author:

    Guide to agricultural meteorological practices, 1981, 2nd edn, Secretariat of the World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, 10–20.

    Note: When referencing an entry from a dictionary or an encyclopedia with no author there is no requirement to include the source in the reference list. In these cases, only cite the title and year of the source in-text. For an authored dictionary/encyclopedia, treat the source as an authored book.

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Call for Guest Editors and Special Issues on Population Dynamics and Challenges in Asia


We would like to launch a series of special issues related to population dynamics and challenges in Asia.

Asia is the most populous continent in the world with great diversities in population growth and socioeconomic development. Many Asian countries have been witnessing or will witness a faster pace of urbanization, population aging than most today's developed countries; and most of them will likely grow old before they grow rich. However, the poor health care system, inadequate pension coverage, poor nutrition, poor facilities and infrastructure, and poor living environments, will impose tremendous challenges for Asian countries. In order to provide some scholarly thoughts for helping to adequately address these challenges, the International Journal of Population Studies wishes to launch for a series of special issues. These special issues will focus on, but not limited to, the following themes:

(1) Population dynamics

(2) Data quality in population and health surveys

(3) Changes of family support system

(4) Successful aging

(5) Aging-friendly city

(6) Pension system reforms

(7) Urbanization, climate change, and health

(8) Economics of aging

(9) Population aging and healthcare challenges

(10) Reproductive health

(11) Child nutrition, health and development

(12) Gender equity and women’s empowerment

(13) Labor force migration in Asian countries and consequences

(14) Youth and development

(15) Low fertility and socioeconomic development

(16) Population growth and sustainable development goals

(17) Dynamics and projections of family household

(18) Business of aging

(19) Marriage matching

(20) Vulnerable populations

If any researcher is interested in taking the lead of a special issue or wishes to propose a new special issue, please send your request to for more information. We especially welcome multi-culture or cross-nation comparative studies.

Posted: 2018-06-22
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