Vol 4, No 1 (2018)







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Table of Contents

Articles

by Luciana Correia Alves, Claudia Cristina Pereira
189 Views, 7 PDF Downloads

Depression brings a great burden of disease to Brazil. This study investigates depression-free life expectancy (DFLE) between 1998 and 2013 in the country. We used data from Brazilian National Household Survey, National Health Survey and Life Tables provided by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics considering individuals 30 years and older. DFLE by race and sex was calculated using the Sullivan method. We observed improvements in DFLE over time, for all race/color groups. In general, men had a smaller share of years lived with depression when compared to women within the same race groups. Compared to whites, blacks/ browns and people of other races/colors had the highest DFLE for both men and women. White women had the lowest percentage of DFLE. Blacks displayed better estimates of DFLE and lower number of years living with depression than whites, despite the evidence of worse health outcomes depicted in the literature. Further research is needed to understand the lower depression prevalence found for blacks that reflects directly into a higher DFLE.

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Research Articles

by Hong Zou, Bingjiang Luan, Kaizhi Yu, Hongwei Xu
47 Views, 12 PDF Downloads
Exploiting China’s mandatory retirement policy, we used fuzzy regression discontinuity design (RDD) to estimate the effect of retirement on household alcohol expenditure among urban Chinese older adults ages 50-70. Drawing on data from the Urban Household Survey (UHS) of China Statistics Bureau for the period of 2002-2009, we found that having a retired male household head significantly reduced total household expenditure on alcohol by 32%, particularly liquor. We explored two potential mechanisms that may explain the retirement effect. The first mechanism relates to decreased disposable income after retirement and the second mechanism involves reduced demand for social drinking after retirement. Our finding suggests that the urban Chinese older adults experience substantial change in drinking as a result of retirement. This has important public policy implications as China is facing a severe challenge of rapid population aging.
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Research Articles

by Xiaorong Gu
32 Views, 15 PDF Downloads

This study draws on three waves (2012; 2013; 2015) of pooled data from the China General Social Survey to examine two major dimensions of the transition to first marriage among four cohorts of youths, i.e. the transition tempos and the homogamy patterns. Key findings include: 1) there is no evidence of systematic delays in family formation among cohorts coming of age after reform, albeit moderate cross-cohort heterogeneity. Two cohorts are identified for their unique trajectories: The Cultural Revolution cohort with a relatively protracted transition process and the Late Reform cohort with a rather condensed marriage formation pattern; 2) respondents who belong to older cohorts, are men, have received higher education and hold urban hukou have low hazards in entering first marriage by a certain age; 3)I record steady growing strengths of homogamy over cohorts, with the Ф parameters rising from 0.42 for the Cultural Revolution cohort to 0.56 for the Late Reform cohort. The overall message is that four decades of rapid economic development in post-reform China has failed to weaken persisting marriage norms and practices among young people, contrary to well-documented empirical evidence from many other national contexts. I ruminate on potential institutional and cultural mechanisms underlying such an intriguing phenomenon.

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