Intelligent Concrete with Self-x Capabilities for Smart Cities

Xin Wang, Zhen Li, Bing Han, Baoguo Han, Xun Yu, Shuzhu Zeng, Jinping Ou

Abstract

Intelligent concrete refers to the structural materials which can sense the changes of environment and make suitable responses by altering one or more working parameters in real time. The ‘intelligent’ properties of concrete are achieved mainly by improving the composition of raw materials or combining some functional materials with concrete matrix, thus leading to the concrete possessing bionic features. Compared to conventional concrete, the reliability and sustainability of structures can be optimized by applying properly designed intelligent concrete materials. Additionally, the life-cycle costs, resource consumption and environment pollution can be reduced. In the past few decades, considerable efforts have been put towards the research of intelligent concrete and many innovative achievements have been gained in the development and application of intelligent concrete. Twelve types of intelligent concrete emphasizing on its self-x capabilities are systematically reviewed in this paper, with attentions to their principles, composition, fabrication, properties, research progress and structural applications. In addition, some comments and prospects for the development of self-x concrete are also discussed.


Keywords

Intelligent concrete; Self-x capacity; Principle; Properties; Structural applications

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18063/JSC.2016.02.005
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