Journal of Smart Cities

Editor-in-ChiefKappos, Andreas

ISSN: 2382-6401 (Online)

ISSN: 2382-641X (Print)

Journal Abbreviation: J Smart Cities

Article Processing Charges (APC): Click here for more details

Publishing Model: Open Access

Journal no: 3P

About the Journal

The Journal of Smart Cities offers a multidisciplinary forum for publishing original research in the area of smart cities, bringing together scholars from the fields of engineering, urban planning, computer science, and information and knowledge management. The Journal of Smart Cities will serve as an international platform by sharing the latest research achievements on smart cities globally, offering a comprehensive access to researchers and the academic communities.

The Journal of Smart Cities adopts a wide perspective on Smart Cities, as the broad use of information and telecommunication technologies to support an innovative and sustainable urban infrastructure and environment; as participatory action within cities, engagement of citizens, and investment in ICT, Internet technologies and smart objects, which increase the intelligence and problem solving capacity of cities; as an urban laboratory, a Living Lab, and a generator of solutions for wicked problems of inclusion, sustainability, climate change, and global competitiveness.

Main objectives of the Journal of Smart Cities is to promote research for the improvement of all sub-systems of cities, including urban infrastructure, construction, mobility, energy saving and renewable energy, health and social care, safety in the public space, work and innovation, and make the city easily accessible, effective, efficient, and an attractive place to live. Information and communication technologies, the Internet, and embedded devices into the physical space of cities is a means to achieve these objectives, which are mainly realized through the empowerment of city institutions, organizations, citizens, and end-users to make better, more informed, and intelligent decisions.

The Journal of Smart Cities aims to publish articles in all areas of smart cities, by scholars and experts in the field, but primarily from the fields of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Urban Planning, and Transport, while relevant contributions about the development of smart city technologies from the fields of Electrical Engineering, Informatics, and Computer Science are also welcome. Emphasizing on brilliant-quality research and timely publication, the Journal of Smart Cities invests in the management of best technological platform in an innovation context.

Recently Published Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Soroosh Nalchiga, Mark Fox
40 Views,
A major challenge in making cities smarter is performing comparative analyses across two or more cities, or within a city across two or more departments. The problem is that data models and the underlying semantics of their content differ, making analysis difficult at best and erroneous at worst. This paper explores the hypothesis that a single, interoperable (i.e., shareable) data model/ontology can be designed for one category of city data: openly published 311 call centre data. 311 is a service provided by many North American cities that responds to non-emergency questions and reports made by the public. It has rapidly become the single point of contact for city services, inquiries, etc. We perform a semantic analysis of the content of 311 open datasets from four cities. The result of the analysis is that existing 311 datasets combine multiple semantic dimensions in their data making it impossible to perform comparative analysis. We then construct a 311 Reference Ontology that separates the semantic dimensions, and show how 311 data from multiple cities can be mapped onto the 311 Reference Ontology.  We also demonstrate how the ontology can be used to support analysis

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Costas Argyris, Costas Papadimitriou, Panagiotis Panetsos
253 Views, 122 PDF Downloads
A Bayesian optimal experimental design (OED) method is proposed in this work for estimating the best locations of sensors in structures so that the measured data are most informative for estimating reliably the structural modes. The information contained in the data is measured by the Kullback-Leibler (K-L) divergence between the prior and posterior distribution of the model parameters taken in modal identification to be the modal coordinates. The optimal sensor placement that maximizes the expected K-L divergence is shown also to minimize the information entropy of the posterior distribution. Unidentifiability issues observed in existing formulations when the number of sensors is less than the number of identified modes, are resolved using a non-uniform prior in the Bayesian OED. An insightful analysis is presented that demonstrates the effect of the variances of Bayesian priors on the optimal design. For dense mesh finite element models, sensor clustering phenomena are avoided by integrating in the methodology spatially correlated prediction error models. A heuristic forward sequential sensor placement algorithm and a stochastic optimization algorithm are used to solve the optimization problem in the continuous physical domain of variation of the sensor locations. The theoretical developments and algorithms are applied for the optimal sensor placement design along the deck of a 537 m concrete bridge.
PDF

REVIEW ARTICLE

Xin Wang, Zhen Li, Bing Han, Baoguo Han, Xun Yu, Shuzhu Zeng, Jinping Ou
643 Views, 233 PDF Downloads

Intelligent concrete refers to the structural materials which can sense the changes of environment and make suitable responses by altering one or more working parameters in real time. The ‘intelligent’ properties of concrete are achieved mainly by improving the composition of raw materials or combining some functional materials with concrete matrix, thus leading to the concrete possessing bionic features. Compared to conventional concrete, the reliability and sustainability of structures can be optimized by applying properly designed intelligent concrete materials. Additionally, the life-cycle costs, resource consumption and environment pollution can be reduced. In the past few decades, considerable efforts have been put towards the research of intelligent concrete and many innovative achievements have been gained in the development and application of intelligent concrete. Twelve types of intelligent concrete emphasizing on its self-x capabilities are systematically reviewed in this paper, with attentions to their principles, composition, fabrication, properties, research progress and structural applications. In addition, some comments and prospects for the development of self-x concrete are also discussed.

PDF

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Ioannis Kaparias, Edouard Manassa, Niv Eden, Antonios Tsakarestos, Pierre Schmitz, Suzanne Hoadley, Susanna Hauptmann
173 Views, 82 PDF Downloads
In recent research a performance evaluation framework for traffic management and Intelligent Transport Systems was developed, consisting of a set of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) for the themes of traffic efficiency, safety, pollution reduction and social inclusion, all of which are key components of a smart city. One of the innovative elements of these KPIs is their ability to consider the transport policy layer, in the sense that the evaluation of the suitability and effectiveness of different strategies and ITS options is calculated in relation to the decision-maker’s high-level transport policy rather than objectively. This is achieved through weighting factors, whereby more important policy objectives are weighted more heavily in the calculation. But while the theoretical framework is ready to accommodate the policy layer, no methodology to determine the values of the weighting factors has been developed so far. The present study, therefore, concentrates on the development and testing of such a methodology, focusing on the environmental impact aspect of urban mobility management and ITS in the context of smart cities. The development is based on existing policy objectives and legislation in different cities and countries, while testing is carried out using the purpose-developed CONDUITS_DST software with data from microsimulation models before and after the implementation of a bus priority signalling system in Brussels, Belgium. The results show that the method captures the expected effects, but also that it is able to reflect policy objectives and deliver evaluation results in relation to their alignment with those
PDF

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Ankit Kumar Singh, Dwipen Boruah, Lakshey Sehgal, Arun Prasath Ramaswamy
310 Views, 174 PDF Downloads
The race of smart cities in India places Pondicherry at 75th position. To improve its ranking position for smart city race, we propose the implementation of 2MW Floating Solar Photovoltaic (FSPV) system -where a large water body could be used for generation of solar power. The floating PV system can be used to attain much higher efficiency compared to its counterpart on land based PV system. The proposed FSPV system could cover solar panel of 1/3rd area of the proposed lake to generates 2685 MWh annually. A geo-synchronized layout has been prepared using 3D SketchUp Pro with Google maps. The FSPV system could cost USD 1.6 million with a payback period of 6 years. In addition, the implementation of e-transport facility by utilizing e-rickshaws with a battery capacity of 90Ah with 15 Amps DC charging facility has been proposed with an investment of USD 30k, with payback period of just 5 month. The bright side being improved overall payback due to money inflow with the implementation of e-rickshaws; greater job opportunities with benefits to physically challenged persons to improve their overall socio economic status. It is viewed that the proposed FSPV and e-transport could increase the chance to secure smart city plan for Pondicherry.
PDF

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Fabio Casciati, Sara Casciati, Clemente Fuggini, Lucia Faravelli, Ivan Tesfai, Michele Vece
246 Views, 143 PDF Downloads
 

“Smart city” is a term currently used to denote cities moved by the opportunity to enhance the quality of life and the security of their citizens. Attention is here focused on the concept that the development of smart cities can also be achieved by improving the efficiency of civil infrastructures through a real-time monitoring. This is the specific target of the European Union FP7 project (SPARTACUS), moved from the parallel chance to develop industry pull applications for the European EGNOS and GALILEO satellite systems. In this paper, laboratory tests are carried out to provide specific devices the ability to run while satisfying the requirements of the incoming GALILEO system. Moreover, some of the targets are achieved within the current GPS system. An extensive experimental campaign is offered to validate the units in such a scenario.

PDF

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Alkiviadis Giannakoulias
313 Views, 191 PDF Downloads

Data security is a major concern in cloud computing environments as they provide much scope for intruders to attack. Data centres in cloud environments hold valid information that end-users would conventionally have stored on their computers. Moving information towards centralised services may have an adverse effect on the security of users’ interactions with files kept in cloud cupboard spaces[1], for example accidental or deliberate alterations or deletions of information from the cloud server by the Cloud Service Provider (CSP). This necessitates the deployment of some sort of mechanism to ensure the safety of information integrity[2]. Public sector organisations have much to gain by adopting a cloud computing approach to service delivery in their ICT environments. However, these benefits must be reaped without compromising core requirements and institutional values.
This paper focuses on the security issues that may arise when public sector organisations consider transitioning to an Open Source Software (OSS) Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) Cloud Infrastructure (OpenStack), although the same issues are likely to be found in other OSS cloud computing software like Apache CloudStack[3], Eucalyptus[4], and OpenNebula[5]. We examine legal implications, regulatory and standards compliance, new attack vectors resulting from vulnerabilities coming from virtualisation technologies, data integrity issues such as encryption and access controls, and security checks to be performed on the services prior to their movement to the cloud. In addition, some of the most important security threats in cloud computing are presented, followed by key recommendations on how to address them, namely security standards and certifications, service provider auditing, secure APIs, transport layer protection, authentication and encryption key management, and cloud service agreements.

PDF

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Athena Vakali, Stefanos Antaris, Maria Giatsoglou
176 Views, 95 PDF Downloads
Social networking data threads emerge rapidly and such crowd-driven big data streams are valuable for detecting trends and opinions. For such analytics, conventional data mining approaches are challenged by both high-dimensionality and scalability concerns. Here, we leverage on the Cloud4Trends framework for collecting and analyzing geo-located microblogging content, partitioned into clusters under cloud-based infrastructures. Different cloud architectures are proposed to offer flexible solutions for geo-located data analytics with emphasis on incremental trend analysis. The proposed architectures are largely based on a set of service modules which facilitate the deployment of the experimentation on cloud infrastructures. Several experimentation remarks are highlighted to showcase the requirements and testing capabilities of different cloud computing settings.
PDF

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Anastasia Panori, Agustín González-Quel, Miguel Tavares, Dimitris Simitopoulos, Julián Arroyo
232 Views, 124 PDF Downloads
During the last decade, there has been an increased interest on cloud computing and especially on the adoption of public cloud services. The process of developing cloud-based public services or migrating existing ones to the Cloud is considered to be of particular interest—as it may require the selection of the most suitable applications as well as their transformation to fit in the new cloud environment. This paper aims at presenting the main findings of a migration process regarding smart city applications to a cloud infrastructure. First, it summarises the methodology along with the main steps followed by the cities of Agueda (Portugal), Thessaloniki (Greece) and Valladolid (Spain) in order to implement this migration process within the framework of the STORM CLOUDS project. Furthermore, it illustrates some crucial results regarding monitoring and validation aspects during the empirical application that was conducted via these pilots. These findings should be received as a helpful experience for future efforts designed by cities or other organisations that are willing to move their applications to the Cloud.
PDF

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Fotis Aisopos, Antonios Litke, Magdalini Kardara, Konstantinos Tserpes, Pablo Martínez Campo, Theodora Varvarigou
280 Views, 260 PDF Downloads
In this paper we present the RADICAL platform, a software stack that enables the combination of social network (SN) services and Internet of Things (IoT) in the context of innovative smart cities. RADICAL makes possible the development and deployment of interoperable pervasive multi-sensory and socially-aware services; facilitates smart governance and flexible replication of services across cities and regions through a Virtual Machine generation mechan-ism in a sophisticated cloud environment. A large scale piloting of the platform integrates, deploys and tests various services in the areas of Cycling Safety, Participatory Urbanism, Augmented Reality and others while a large group of citizens from different countries are actively involved in the co-creation, validation and evaluation of the RADICAL approach on the basis of an innovative Living Labs approach.
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Editorial Board

Editor-in-Chief

Andreas KapposCity, University of LondonUnited Kingdom

Associate Editors

Anne KiremidjianStanford UniversityUnited States
Nicos KomninosAristotle University of ThessalonikiGreece

Editorial Board Members

Agathoklis GiaralisCity University LondonUnited Kingdom
Anastasios SextosAristotle University of ThessalonikiGreece
Ari-Veikko AnttiroikoUniversity of TampereFinland
(Alex) Ching-Ta NgSchool of Civil, Environmental & Mining Engineering, The University of AdelaideAustralia
Bruno SudretETH Zurich, Institute of Structural Engineering (IBK)Switzerland
Biswajit BasuDepartment of Civil, Structural & Environmental Engineering, Trinity College Dublin 
Baoguo HanDalian University of Technology, School of Civil EngineeringChina
Brigitte TrousseINRIA Sophia Antipolis - MéditerranéeFrance
Costas PapadimitriouUniversity of ThessalyGreece
Carlos OliveiraInstituto Superior Técnico, LisbonPortugal
Dryver HustonUniversity of VermontUnited States
Eleni ChatziETH, ZurichSwitzerland
Elsa CaetanoFaculty of Engineering of the University of PortoPortugal
Elias DimitrakopoulosHong Kong University of Science & TechnologyHong Kong
Filippo UbertiniDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of PerugiaItaly
Fabio CasciatiUniversity of PaviaItaly
Hans SchaffersAalto UniversityFinland
Hui LiHarbin Institute of TechnologyChina
Ian SmithEPF LausanneSwitzerland
Izuro TakewakiDept of Architecture and Architectural Engineering, Kyoto UniversityJapan
Jan Holnicki-SzulcIntelligent Technology Department, Polish Academy of Sciences, WarsawPoland
Marc PallotMP-CONEXFrance
Maria FengColumbia UniversityUnited States
Mark DeakinEdinburgh Napier UniversityUnited Kingdom
Partha ChakrobortyIndian Institute of Technology, KanpurIndia
Symeon ChristodoulouUniversity of CyprusCyprus
Wu ChenThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHong Kong
Yuequan BaoHarbin Institute of TechnologyChina

Focus and Scope

The Journal of Smart Cities offers a multidisciplinary forum for publishing original research in the area of smart cities, bringing together scholars from the fields of engineering, urban planning, computer science, and information and knowledge management. The Journal of Smart Cities will serve as an international platform by sharing the latest research achievements on smart cities globally, offering a comprehensive access to researchers and the academic communities.

The Journal of Smart Cities adopts a wide perspective on Smart Cities, as the broad use of information and telecommunication technologies to support an innovative and sustainable urban infrastructure and environment; as participatory action within cities, engagement of citizens, and investment in ICT, Internet technologies and smart objects, which increase the intelligence and problem solving capacity of cities; as an urban laboratory, a Living Lab, and a generator of solutions for wicked problems of inclusion, sustainability, climate change, and global competitiveness.

The main objectives of the Journal of Smart Cities are to promote research for the improvement of all sub-systems of cities, including urban infrastructure, construction, mobility, energy saving and renewable energy, health and social care, safety in the public space, work and innovation, and make the city easily accessible, effective, efficient, and an attractive place to live. Information and communication technologies, the Internet, and embedded devices into the physical space of cities is a means to achieve these objectives, which are mainly realized through the empowerment of city institutions, organizations, citizens, and end-users to make better, more informed, and intelligent decisions.

The Journal of Smart Cities aims to publish articles in all areas of smart cities, by scholars and experts in the field, but primarily from the fields of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Urban Planning, and Transport, while relevant contributions about the development of smart city technologies from the fields of Electrical Engineering, Informatics, and Computer Science are also welcome. Emphasizing on brilliant-quality research and timely publication, the Journal of Smart Cities invests in the management of best technological platform in an innovation context.

For Authors

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    • Journal article
      Terauchi Y, Takamoto I, Kubota N, Matsui J, Suzuki R, Komeda K, Hara A, Toyoda Y, Miwa I, Aizawa S, Tsutsumi S, Tsubamoto Y, Hashimoto S, Eto K, Nakamura A, Noda M, Tobe K, Aburatani H, Nagai R, Kadowaki T. Glucokinase and IRS-2 are required for compensatory beta cell hyperplasia in response to high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance. J Clin Invest 2007; 117(1): 246–57. doi: 10.1172/JCI17645.
    • Non-English journal article
      Massone L, Borghi S, Pestarino A, Piccini R, Gambini C. Localisations palmaires purpuriques de la dermatite herpetiforme (French) [Purpuric palmar sites of dermatitis herpetiformis]. Ann Dermatol Venerol 1987; 114(12): 1545–1547.
    • Book
      Rojko JL, Hardy WD Jr. Feline leukemia virus and other retroviruses. In: Sherding RG (editors). The cat: diseases and clinical management. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1989. p. 229–332.
    • Proceedings
      Sasaki Y, Nomura Y (editors). Symposium on Nasal Polyp; 1984 Oct 5–6; Tokyo. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell; 1986. p. 48.
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      Jones DL. The role of physical activity on the need for revision total knee arthroplasty in individuals with osteoarthritis of the knee [PhD thesis]. Pittsburgh (PA): University of Pittsburgh; 2001. p. 436.
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      Blanco EE, Meade JC, Richards WD (inventors). Ophthalmic V (assignee). Surgical Stapling system. US patent. 4,969,591. 1990 Nov 13.
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      Hypertension, Dialysis & Clinical Nephrology [Internet]. Hinsdale (IL): Medtext, Inc.; 1995–2001 [cited 2001 Mar 8]. Available from: http://www.medtext.com/hdcn.htm.

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Journal of Smart Cities is an Open Access Journal under Whioce Publishing. All articles published in Journal of Smart Cities are accessible electronically from the journal website without commencing any kind of payment. In order to ensure contents are freely available and maintain publishing quality, Article Process Charges (APC) is applicable to all authors who wish to submit their articles to the journal to cover the cost incurred in processing the manuscripts. Such cost will cover the peer-review, copyediting, typesetting, publishing, content depositing and archiving processes. Those charges are applicable only to authors who have their manuscript successfully accepted after peer-review.

Journal TitleAPC
Journal of Smart Cities$800

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Frequently Asked Questions

  • Answer: To establish whether your paper is suitable for this journal, please read Focus and Scope under Editorial Policies.
  • Answer: Registration and login are required to submit manuscript online and to check the status of current submission.
  • Answer: The submission file can be submitted in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Answer: The length of the manuscript cannot be more than 8000 words.
  • Answer: The cover letter is necessary for each submission. The cover letter should be uploaded as a separate file in Step 4 during the submission. The contents of the cover letter should include brief explanation of what was previously known, the conceptual advancement with the findings and its significance to broad readership. The cover letter will only be visible to the editor. Reviewers will not have access to the cover letter.
  • Answer: You can suggest 2 reviewers for your submission. However, the decision of whether to invite them lies with the Editor.
  • Answer: This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. Refer to the Publication Fees tab for more details.

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