Sustainable urbanization: four stages of infrastructure planning and progress

Peter Newman

Abstract

Urbanization has accelerated in the 20th century. This paper will try to examine the stages we have gone through in this past half century and where we seem to be going on infrastructure planning in this century. It will trace the history of infrastructure planning from the modernist period that began in the 1940’s to the postmodernist period from the 1980’s, followed by the emerging sustainability period in the early 2000’s and now as we face an uncertain future, the disruptive innovation period. The paper emphasizes transport and land use planning along with some consideration of energy, water and waste and uses the dominant planning paradigm of the time to frame the discussion and observe how that has influenced the resulting infrastructure outcomes. Illustrations are used from the author’s home town of Perth based on practical experience in the planning system.

 


Keywords

sustainable urbanization; infrastructure;modernist

Full Text:

PDF

References

Kostof S, 1991, The City Shaped: Urban Patterns and Meanings Through History, Thames and Hudson, Lon-don.

United Nations, 2003, The Challenge of Slums: Global Report of Human Settlements, UN Habitat, Nairobi.

Mumford L, 1961, The City in History, Penguin, London.

Williams R, 1985, The City and the Country, Hogarth Press, London.

Jacobs J, 1961, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, New York, Vintage.

Newman P W G and Kenworthy J R, 1989, Cities and Automobile Dependence: An International Sourcebook, Gower Publishing, Aldershot.

Newman P W G and Kenworthy J R, 1999, Sustainability and Cities, Island Press, Washington D.C.

Newman P and Kenworthy J, 2015, The End of Automobile Dependence: How Cities are Moving Beyond Car-based Planning, Island Press, Washington D.C.

Department of Planning and Urban Development, 1991, Road Reserves Review: Perth Metropolitan Region, DoT, Main Roads, TransPerth, Western Australia.

UN Commission on Environment and Development, 1987, Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future, Oxford University Press, US.

Newman P and Rowe M, 2003, The State Sustainability Strategy, Department of Premier and Cabinet, WA Government.

Beatley T, 1999, Green Urbanism in Europe, Island Press, Washington D.C.

Newman P, Beatley T and Boyer H, 2009, Resilient Ci-ties: Responding to Peak Oil and Climate Change, Island Press, Washington D.C.

Newman P and Matan A, 2013, Green Urbanism in Asia: The Emerging Green Tigers, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., Singapore.

Newman P, 2015, The rise of a sustainable city: much more than the wild west. Griffith Review, vol.47: 131 –160.

Newman P and Kenworthy J, 2011, Peak car use: understanding the demise of automobile dependence. World Transport Policy & Practice, vol.17(2): 31–42.

Bower J L and Christensen C M, 1995, Disruptive technologies: catching the wave. Harvard Business Review, January–February: 43–53.

Christensen C M and Overdorf M, 2000, Meeting the challenge of disruptive change. Harvard Business Review, March–April: 66–77.

Christensen C M, Baumann H, Ruggles R, et al. 2006, Disruptive Innovation for social change. Harvard Business Review, December: 94–103.

Seba T, 2014, Clean Disruption of Energy and Transportation: How Silicon Valley will Make Oil, Nuclear, Natural Gas, Coal, Electric Utilities and Conventional Cars Obsolete by 2030, Clean Planet Ventures, California.

Newton P and Newman P, 2013, The geography of solar PV and a new low carbon urban transition theory. Sustainability, vol.5(6): 2537–2556. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su5062537

Rauland V and Newman P, 2015, Decarbonising Cities: Mainstreaming Low Carbon Urban Development, Springer, London.

McIntosh J, Newman P, and Glazebrook G, 2013, Why fast trains work: an assessment of a fast regional rail system in Perth, Australia. Journal of Transportation Technologies, vol.3(2A): 37–47. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jtts.2013.32A005.

Hendrigan C and Newman P, 2012, A three mode plan for Perth: connecting heavy rail, light rail and bus with urban development to achieve 21st-century goals, Curtin University Sustainability Policy (CUSP) Institute, viewed January 16, 2013,


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18063/JSUPP.2016.01.005
(118 Abstract Views, 136 PDF Downloads)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Peter Newman

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.