Vol 1, No 1 (2016)

Table of Contents

EDITORIAL

by T. G. Sitharam
78 Views, 76 PDF Downloads
Welcome to the first issue of the Journal of Sustainable Urbanization, Planning and Progress (JSUPP). This new journal’s mission is to provide leadership in research in the areas of urbanization and planning around the world and progress made in Asia in particular.
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RESEARCH ARTICLE

by Peter Newman
118 Views, 136 PDF Downloads

Urbanization has accelerated in the 20th century. This paper will try to examine the stages we have gone through in this past half century and where we seem to be going on infrastructure planning in this century. It will trace the history of infrastructure planning from the modernist period that began in the 1940’s to the postmodernist period from the 1980’s, followed by the emerging sustainability period in the early 2000’s and now as we face an uncertain future, the disruptive innovation period. The paper emphasizes transport and land use planning along with some consideration of energy, water and waste and uses the dominant planning paradigm of the time to frame the discussion and observe how that has influenced the resulting infrastructure outcomes. Illustrations are used from the author’s home town of Perth based on practical experience in the planning system.

 

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

by Minh-Chau Tran
118 Views, 174 PDF Downloads
Health impairments due to inactivity are related to the car-oriented urban development of recent decades, along with sedentary lifestyles. A health-maintaining environment must therefore not only reduce direct health risk factors (pathogenic concept), but also contribute to health chances that may indirectly support health (salutogenic concept). Walking has been identified as the most influenceable behavior; it is also the most environmental friendly mode of transport, social and health. From the planning view, the concept of walkability therefore aims at a built environment facilitating physical activity. It is increasingly recognized that walkability has become an important topic in the field of planning, urban design and health, since the built environment affects certain behaviors. From practice, concrete guidance is demanded as to the type of urban design features to be captured or applied to evaluate the walkability or to create active cities. The measurement of features of the built environment plays a special role in this context, but also the question of how research results can reach policies as well as planning and building practice
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RESEARCH ARTICLE

by T. G. Sitharam, Jaya Dhindaw
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Urbanization has occurred rapidly in India principally due to social, economic and political drivers and has offered improved quality of life, access to amenities and economic opportunities for many. However, this has been accompanied by challenges that include insufficient energy, lack of urban infrastructure, and poor delivery of basic ser-vices, resulting in undesirable environmental impacts, congestion, and urban sprawl. India’s urbanization has placed tremendous demand on the country’s resources. Providing energy to all while maintaining a low carbon footprint is a global priority. Although economic development is anchored by both urbanization and industrialization, urbanization itself is a major determinant of energy use, including energy use related to transportation. Deficiencies in urban planning and management have to be overcome if India’s urban environment is to meet the rising expectations of an expanding urban population and provide an environment consistent with rapid, inclusive and sustainable growth. India's energy demand in 2030 is likely to be double that of current demand. Achieving a greener future in a sustainable way with low energy costs can be addressed by measures such as preferential policies towards renewables, investment in technology and empowerment of local government to meet the low carbon energy needs in India.

 

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

by Sekhar Somenahalli, Yoshitsugu Hayashi, Michael Taylor, Tetsuo Akiyama, Timothy Adair, Daisuke Sawada
160 Views, 165 PDF Downloads
Accessible transportation is a key aspect of independent living. As the impact of population ageing on future transport systems is expected to be increasingly felt over the next few decades in a number of countries, including Australia and Japan, it is logical to recognise the importance of formulating appropriate transport policies in ageing societies. However, few studies in Australia have focussed on this issue as most of them have been devoted to the physical dimensions of health. This paper is based on a recent survey of older South Australians and a series of in-depth discussions conducted with key stakeholders both in Australia and Japan, conducted by the principal author. This paper highlights the accessible transportation and mobility issues in Australia’s ageing society by shedding light on some of the important policies and laws prevailing in Japan, which have already reached the proportion of the older population that Australia is projected to be 10 years from now. Our findings would provide answers and new approaches into the challenges from a policy and legislative perspective to help formulate recommendations for the stakeholders.
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RESEARCH ARTICLE

by Deepak Baindur, Pooja Rao
97 Views, 98 PDF Downloads

In most urban areas, buses are the most heavily used form of public transportation[1] and more so in Indian cities where buses make up for over 90% of public transport ridership[2]. In the selected Indian metro cities, where formal bus based PT systems are operated by public agencies, they are over-reliant on state support to sustain operations as fare box collections are inadequate in spite of having relatively high ridership. The main challenge for all this is to achieve long term financial sustainability of public transport systems while providing good quality and affordable bus services.
This paper investigates internal and external factors that led to the steep and recurrent fare increases in the Bangalore city bus services in the period from 2012–2014 which are operated by Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation. In order to estimate the impact of the recent bus fare increases that have had on the economically weaker sections of the society dependent on these services, the paper presents the results of a random sampling survey study carried out in a central locality in the city that has a large slum area.
The key findings throw light on the various ways in which the low income bus users have adapted to reduce their travel costs through changes in travel behavior, travel pattern and modal shifts. The cost of the behavioral changes through lost opportunities and the cost of the modal shifts of the persons earlier favoring public transportation draw attention to the significance of public transport fare policies. Furthermore, the management and operations of the BMTC agency show scope for improvement which can translate into better revenue generation and consequent reduction in fares.

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RESEARCH ARTICLE

by Satya Sai Kumar Jillella, Peter Newman
110 Views, 146 PDF Downloads
Emerging cities of the 21st century are attempting to build rail transit as a key driver to maintain their city’s competitiveness and help catalyze livable and sustainable development opportunities around station areas. Indian cities are doing this in a big way with about 50 cities embracing urban metro rail transit systems. The rail projects are approved politically but need financing to build such highly capital-intensive rail transit systems. The use of value capture (VC) mechanisms is gaining momentum across cities worldwide as a solution to transit funding and financing. The first cities in India are now deploying various VC based financing mechanisms. This paper therefore aims to review the experiences of VC based innovative financing practices in selected Indian cities. The research summarizes the key issues and lessons learned from these experiences to help define the way forward. The paper finally concludes that VC prac-tices in India are still at an embryonic stage but the results are encouraging with huge untapped potential to co-create rail transit centered sustainable growth. Moreover, the review findings and lessons learned will help enhance the understanding of the challenges in emerging transit cities of developing countries.
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