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A state-of-the-art review of the use of shape memory alloy to improve seismic performance of structures

Kezia Varughese


Structures are damaged every year in earthquakes. The survivability of structures in an earthquake is important as lives are lost, cities can be brought to their knees and billions of dollars are required to repair damaged structures. For these reasons, researchers across the globe are trying to create structures with increased performance and reduced damage after experiencing an earthquake. This paper is a state-of-the-art review of using shape memory alloy (SMA) as reinforcement for structures in seismic areas. SMA is an emerging, innovative material, which possesses unique characteristics, unlike conventional materials, which allows it to change its shape through heating or unloading. These phenomena, known as shape memory effect and pseudoelasticity, make SMA suitable for reinforcing structures in seismic areas due its low elastic modulus, ability to dissipate energy and capacity for large strains. Traditional methods for new constructions and strengthening are discussed and compared with innovative methods utilizing SMA and two case studies of SMA being used in seismic retrofit systems to repair historical structures damaged in earthquakes are provided


Innovative; Seismic design; Shape memory alloys; shape memory effect; pseudoelasticity, seismic retrofit, innovative repair techniques

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