Open Journal Systems

A state-of-the-art review of the use of shape memory alloy to improve seismic performance of structures

Kezia Varughese

Abstract

Structures are damaged every year in earthquakes. The survivability of structures in an earthquake is important as lives are lost, cities can be brought to their knees and billions of dollars are required to repair damaged structures. For these reasons, researchers across the globe are trying to create structures with increased performance and reduced damage after experiencing an earthquake. This paper is a state-of-the-art review of using shape memory alloy (SMA) as reinforcement for structures in seismic areas. SMA is an emerging, innovative material, which possesses unique characteristics, unlike conventional materials, which allows it to change its shape through heating or unloading. These phenomena, known as shape memory effect and pseudoelasticity, make SMA suitable for reinforcing structures in seismic areas due its low elastic modulus, ability to dissipate energy and capacity for large strains. Traditional methods for new constructions and strengthening are discussed and compared with innovative methods utilizing SMA and two case studies of SMA being used in seismic retrofit systems to repair historical structures damaged in earthquakes are provided


Keywords

Innovative; Seismic design; Shape memory alloys; shape memory effect; pseudoelasticity, seismic retrofit, innovative repair techniques

Full Text:

PDF

References

R. Park and T. Paulay, "Reinforced Concrete Structures," ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1975, p. 769.

M. J. N. Priestley. Performance based seismic design. 12th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering (WCEE). 2000; 1(1): 22

M. J. N. Priestley, G. M. Calvi, and M. J. Kowalsky. Direct displacement-based seismic design. In: NZSEE Conference, New Zealand, 2007, vol. 23(33), pp. 1453-1460.

D. Cardone, M. Dolce, and G. Palermo. Force-based vs. direct displacement-based design of buildings with seismic isolation. In: The 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, 2008, vol. 1.

F. Oudah and R. El-Hacha. Joint performance in concrete beam-column connections reinforced using SMA smart material. Engineering Structures. 2017; 151: 745-760 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2017.08.054

R. DesRoches, J. McCormick, and M. Delemont. Cyclic properties of superelastic shape memory alloy wires and bars. Journal of Structural Engineering. 2004; 130(1): 38-46

C. Lexcellent, "Linear and Non-linear Mechanical Behavior of Solid Materials," Springer International Publishing, 2017. 10.1007/978-3-319-55609-3

H. Rojob and R. El-Hacha. Fatigue performance of RC beams strengthened with self-prestressed iron-based shape memory alloys. Engineering Structures. 2018; 168: 35-43 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.04.042

L. Janke, C. Czaderski, M. Motavalli, and J. Ruth. Applications of shape memory alloys in civil engineering structures—Overview, limits and new ideas. Materials and Structures. 2005; 38(5): 578-592

M. S. Alam, M. A. Youssef, and M. Nehdi. Utilizing shape memory alloys to enhance the performance and safety of civil infrastructure: A review. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering. 2007; 34(9): 1075-1086 10.1139/L07-038

D. C. Lagoudas, "Shape Memory Alloys: Modeling and Engineering Applications," Springer US, 2008.

H. N. Rojob. Innovative near-surface mounted iron-based shape memory alloy for strengthening structures. Ph.D Thesis, University of Calgary; 2017.

M. Motavalli, C. Czaderski, A. Bergamini, and L. Janke. Application of shape memory alloys in civil engineering: Past, present and future. In: The Seventeenth Annual International Conference on Composites/Nano Engineering-ICCE-17, Hawaii-USA, 2009.

P. S. Lobo, J. Almeida, and L. Guerreiro. Shape memory alloys behaviour: A review. Procedia Engineering. 2015; 114: 776-783 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2015.08.025

H. Tamai and Y. Kitagawa. Pseudoelastic behavior of shape memory alloy wire and its application to seismic resistance member for building. Computational Materials Science. 2002; 25(1-2): 218-227

H. Tobushi, K. Takata, Y. Shimeno, W. K. Nowacki, and S. P. Gadaj. Influence of strain rate on superelastic properties of TiNi shape memory alloy. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications. 1999; 213(2): 93-102

H. Tobushi, Y. Shimeno, T. Hachisuka, and K. Tanaka. Influence of strain rate on superelastic properties of TiNi shape memory alloy. Mechanics of Materials. 1998; 30(2): 141-150

E. Pieczyska, S. Gadaj, W. K. Nowacki, K. Hoshio, Y. Makino, and H. Tobushi. Characteristics of energy storage and dissipation in TiNi shape memory alloy. Science and Technology of Advanced Materials. 2005; 6(8): 889-894 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stam.2005.07.008

C. Maletta, E. Sgambitterra, F. Furgiuele, R. Casati, and A. Tuissi. Fatigue of pseudoelastic NiTi within the stress-induced transformation regime: A modified Coffin–Manson approach. Smart materials and structures. 2012; 21(11): 7

Y. Furuichi, H. Tobushi, T. Ikawa, and R. Matsui. Fatigue properties of a TiNi shape-memory alloy wire subjected to bending with various strain ratios. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications. 2003; 217(2): 93-99

R. Matsui, Y. Makino, H. Tobushi, Y. Furuichi, and F. Yoshida. Influence of strain ratio on bending fatigue life and fatigue crack growth in TiNi shape-memory alloy thin wires. Materials transactions. 2006; 47(3): 759-765

H. Tobushi, T. Nakahara, Y. Shimeno, and T. Hashimoto. Low-cycle fatigue of TiNi shape memory alloy and formulation of fatigue life. Journal of engineering materials and technology. 2000; 122(2): 186-191

A. M. Figueiredo, P. Modenesi, and V. Buono. Low-cycle fatigue life of superelastic NiTi wires. International Journal of Fatigue. 2009; 31(4): 751-758

R. M. Tabanli, N. K. Simha, and B. T. Berg. Mean stress effects on fatigue of NiTi. Materials Science and Engineering: A. 1999; 273-275(15): 644-648

Z. Moumni, A. Van Herpen, and P. Riberty. Fatigue analysis of shape memory alloys: Energy approach. Smart Materials and Structures. 2005; 14(5): S287

S. M. Jaureguizahar, M. D. Chapetti, and A. A. Yawny. Fatigue of NiTi shape memory wires. Procedia Structural Integrity. 2016; 2: 1427-1434

M. Symans et al. Energy dissipation systems for seismic applications: current practice and recent developments. Journal of Structural Engineering. 2008; 134(1): 3-21

M. A. Trindade, T. T. Soong, and M. C. Costantinou. Passive and active structural vibration control in civil engineering: Springer; 2014, 65-92. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-7091-3012-4

T. Fujisaki, M. Hosotani, S. Ohno, and H. Mutsuyoshi. JCI state-of-the-art on retrofitting by CFRM–research. Non-Metallic (FRP) Reinforcement for Concrete Structures. 1997; 1: 613-620

J. Masukawa, H. Akiyama, and H. Saito. Retrofit of existing reinforced concrete piers by using carbon fiber sheet and aramid fiber sheet. Proceedings of the Third Conference on Non-Metallic (FRP) Reinforcement for Concrete Structures. 1997; 1: 411-418

T. Yamamoto. FRP strengthening of RC columns for seismic retrofitting. In: Proc. 10th World Conf. on Earthquake Engineering, Madrid, Balkema, 1992, pp. 5205-5210.

M.-K. Sharbatdar. Concrete columns and beams reinforced with FRP bars and grids under monotonic and reversed cyclic loading. University of Ottawa (Canada); 2003.

R. Garcia, I. Hajirasouliha, K. Pilakoutas, M. Guadagnini, and T. Chaudat. Seismic strengthening of deficient RC buildings using externally bonded FRPs. In: Proceedings of the 14th European Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Ohrid, paper, 2010(890).

M. S. Speicher, R. DesRoches, and R. T. Leon. Experimental results of a NiTi shape memory alloy (SMA)-based recentering beam-column connection. Engineering structures. 2011; 33(9): 2448-2457

C. Fang, M. C. H. Yam, A. C. C. Lam, and L. Xie. Cyclic performance of extended end-plate connections equipped with shape memory alloy bolts. Journal of Constructional Steel Research. 2014; 94: 122-136

F. Oudah. Development of Innovative Self-Centering Concrete Beam-Column Connections Reinforced using Shape Memory Alloys. PHd, University of Calgary; 2014.

W. Wang, C. Fang, and J. Liu. Self-centering beam-to-column connections with combined superelastic SMA bolts and steel angles. Journal of Structural Engineering. 2017; 143(2):

M. Dolce, D. Cardone, and F. C. Ponzo. Shaking‐table tests on reinforced concrete frames with different isolation systems. Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics. 2007; 36(5): 573-596

H. Ma and C. Cho. Feasibility study on a superelastic SMA damper with re-centring capability. Materials Science and Engineering: A. 2008; 473(1-2): 290-296

D. A. Shook, P. N. Roschke, and O. E. Ozbulut. Superelastic semi‐active damping of a base‐isolated structure. Structural Control and Health Monitoring: The Official Journal of the International Association for Structural Control and Monitoring and of the European Association for the Control of Structures. 2008; 15(5): 746-768

F. Casciati and L. Faravelli. A passive control device with SMA components: from the prototype to the model. Structural Control and Health Monitoring: The Official Journal of the International Association for Structural Control and Monitoring and of the European Association for the Control of Structures. 2009; 16(7‐8): 751-765

S. Casciati and L. Faravelli. Structural components in shape memory alloy for localized energy dissipation. Computers & structures. 2008; 86(3-5): 330-339

O. E. Ozbulut and B. Silwal. Performance assessment of buildings isolated with S-FBI system under near-fault earthquakes. Smart Struct. Syst. 2016; 17(5): 16

H. Qian, H. Li, and G. Song. Experimental investigations of building structure with a superelastic shape memory alloy friction damper subject to seismic loads. Smart Materials and Structures. 2016; 25(12): 125026

B. Asgarian and S. Moradi. Seismic response of steel braced frames with shape memory alloy braces. Journal of Constructional Steel Research. 2011; 67(1): 65-74

Y. Araki, K. C. Shrestha, N. Maekawa, Y. Koetaka, T. Omori, and R. Kainuma. Shaking table tests of steel frame with superelastic Cu–Al–Mn SMA tension braces. Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics. 2016; 45(2): 297-314

C. Qiu and S. Zhu. Shake table test and numerical study of self‐centering steel frame with SMA braces. Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics. 2017; 46(1): 117-137

W. L. Cortés-Puentes and D. Palermo. Seismic retrofit of concrete shear walls with SMA tension braces. Journal of Structural Engineering. 2018; 144(2): 04017200-1 to 04017200-13 https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0001936

P. Sultana and M. A. Youssef. Seismic performance of modular steel-braced frames utilizing superelastic shape memory alloy bolts in the vertical module connections. Journal of Earthquake Engineering. 2018: 1-25

H. Roh and A. M. Reinhorn. Modeling and seismic response of structures with concrete rocking columns and viscous dampers. Engineering Structures. 2010; 32(8): 2096-2107

F. Oudah and R. El-Hacha. Plastic hinge relocation in concrete structures using the double-slotted-beam system. Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering. 2016; 15(5): 2173-2199 http://doi.org/10.1007/s10518-016-0055-9

A. Bonci, G. Carluccio, M. Castellano, G. Croci, S. Infanti, and A. Viskovic. Use of shock transmission units and shape memory alloy devices for the seismic protection of monuments: The case of the upper Basilica of San Francesco at Assisi. In: Proceedings of International Millennium Congress, More than Two Thousand Years in the History of Architecture, 2001.

M. G. Castellano, M. Indirli, and A. Martelli. Progress of application, research and development and design guidelines for shape memory alloy devices for cultural heritage structures in Italy. In: Proceedings of the SPIE's 8th Annual International Symposium on Smart Structures and Materials, 2001, vol. 4330, pp. 250-261: SPIE; 2001.

M. Castellano and S. Infanti. Seismic protection of monuments by shape memory alloy devices and shock transmitters. In: 4th International Seminar on Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions. Padova, 2004.

M. Indirli and M. G. Castellano. Shape Memory Alloy Devices for the Structural Improvement of Masonry Heritage Structures. International Journal of Architectural Heritage. 2008; 2(2): 93-119 https://doi.org/10.1080/15583050701636258

G. Arato et al. Application of innovative antiseismic techniques to the seismic retrofit of Italian cultural heritage damaged by recent earthquakes. In: Proceedings of Monument Workshop on Seismic Performance of Monuments, 1998, pp. 229-238; 1998.

G. Croci. The restoration of the basilica of St Francis of Assisi. Loggia, Arquitectura & Restauración. 2000; (10): 80-87 https://doi.org/10.4995/loggia.2000.5203

M. Indirli et al. Experimental tests on masonry structures provided with shape memory alloy antiseismic devices. In: 12th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Auckland, New Zealand, 2000; 2000.

L. Cavina. Analisi numerico-sperimentale dei benefici nella risposta sismica degli edifici mediante l’utilizzo di dispositivi antisismici innovativi in lega di acciaio ad alta memoria di forma (in italian). Thesis, University of Bologna; 1997.

M. Indirli, M. G. Castellano, P. Clemente, and A. Martelli. Demo-application of shape memory alloy devices: the rehabilitation of the S. Giorgio Church bell tower. In: SPIE's 8th Annual International Symposium on Smart Structures and Materials, 2001, vol. 4330(11), pp. 262-272: SPIE; 2001.


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18063/msacm.v0i0.947
(46 Abstract Views, 18 PDF Downloads)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Kezia Varughese

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.