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Effects of Shielding Gas Pureness on Quality of Orbital TIG Welded Austenitic Stainless-Steel Joints

Jacek Górka, Bernard Wyględacz, Marcin Żuk


Aim of this research was determination of effects of shielding and backing gas pureness on quality of welded joints produced from austenitic stainless-steel grade X5CrNi18-10 (1.4301) pipes Ø 50.8 x 1.5 mm by orbital TIG welding without use of additional material. In the case of stainless steel, it is of importance not only to prepare shielding of the molten metal pool but as well protection of welded joint root from oxygen, which causes formation of colorful oxide layers. Presence of oxidized layer primarily decreases corrosion resistance of stainless-steel. Performed examination included: chemical composition of welded join material, delta ferrite testing, non-destructive joint testing, visual testing with discoloration assessment from face and root side (acc. to Danish Force Technology Institute report 93.34 and American ASME BPE-2012 norm), radiographic testing, destructive welded joint testing. Metallurgical shielding of the welded joint face was produced with Argon 5.0 pure, with a flow rate of 8 dm3/min. Root of welded joint was at first protected with Argon 5.0 pure, then argon-atmospheric air mixtures were used. Backing gas flow rate was set to achieve a relative pressure of 300 Pa. Quantity of residual oxygen in gas mixture was selected based on Danish Force Technology Institute report 93.34.


X5CrNi8-10 stainless steel; orbital TIG welding; temper colors; backing gas

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