Materials Science: Materials Review

Editor-in-ChiefV. Gunasekaran

ISSN: 2529-7791 (Online)

Journal Abbreviation: Mater Sci Mater Rev

Publication Frequency: irregular

Article Processing Charges (APC): Click here for more details

Publishing Model: Open Access

Journal no: 22P

About the Journal

Materials Science: Materials Review is an international Open Access journal that focuses on all areas of materials science into a single and unique reference source. This is a cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, reviews, rapid communications, and letters of important technical and scientific findings from fundamental point of view of materials science research.

Recently Published Articles

Original Research Articles

Nguyen Phuc Quan 1,2, Tran Quoc Vinh 1, Kieu Thi My Yen 1, Le Vu Khanh Trang 2, Nguyen Minh Ly 2, Tran Cong Khanh 1
329 Views, 23 PDF Downloads

The synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) has been carried out using different methods, mainly by biological and chemical methods; however, comparing antibacterial activity of Ag NPs synthesized by these methods has not been conducted before. In this study, silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were synthesized by methods using reducing agent NaBH4/carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) and fungal strain Trichoderma asperellum (T.asperellum). The formation of silver nanoparticles was observed visually by color change and identified by Ultraviolet-visible (UV – vis) spectroscopy. The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) image illustrated almost nanoparticles with spherical shape and average diameter of 4.1 ± 0.2 nm and 2.1 ± 0.2 nm of samples produced from chemical reduction and biosynthesis respectively. Both samples after 180 days storing have been separated lightly, but the agglomeration and absorbance peak shifting were not observed which proved the high stability of synthesized Ag NPs. Antimicrobial activity against human bacterial pathogen Escherichia coli (E. coli) showed that the inhibition zone produced by “biosynthesis” and “chemical reduction” Ag NPs were 3.17 cm and 2.42 cm respectively. With nanoparticles size smaller than 2 mm, antibacterial activity of “biosynthesis” Ag NPs against E. coli was 31 % higher than “chemical reduction” Ag NPs, although the concentration of Ag NPs produced by biosynthesis was about 10-fold less.

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Original Research Articles

Bui Dai Phat 1, Tran Hong Huy 1, Cao Minh Thi 2, Pham Van Viet 1
27 Views, 20 PDF Downloads

In this study, TiO2 nanotubes (TNTs) were synthesized via a hydrothermal process and characterized by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) images, selected area electron diffraction (SAED) pattern, and photoluminescence (PL) analysis. The NO removal photocatalytic activity of the hydrothermally synthesizedTNTs was surveyed systematically. The hydrothermally synthesizedTNTs have shown an efficient NO photodegradation which is approximately 4 times higher than that of P25 and an excellent photostability under visible light after 5 cycles. Furthermore, reactive radicals mainly involved in the photocatalytic reaction were identified by electron spin resonance (ESR) study, leading to a better understanding of the photocatalytic mechanism of the hydrothermally synthesized TNTs. 

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Original Research Articles

Ye Yanping
6 Views, 20 PDF Downloads

Polyurethane is one of the six promising synthetic materials in the world. Due to its excellent product performance
and wide application field, it is a crucial industry of development in the world. This paper introduces the progress
of polyurethane industry in recent years which includes polyurethane raw materials, classification and application
prospects. The research methods and principles of waterborne polyurethane were mainly studied. At the same time, the
development of new polyurethane materials was held forward.

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Original Research Articles

Lin Xiaonan
12 Views, 14 PDF Downloads

Flame-retardant ABS resin was prepared by adding fl ame retardant, toughening agent and dispersing silicone oil
with acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene resin (ABS, grade 0215 A) as raw material. The results showed that in the ABS
resin, fl ame retardant with tetrabromobisphenol A and antimony trioxide as the composite system (the mass ratio of
2:1) was added. When the bromine content of the system was more than 10%, the flame retardant ABS meets the
requirements of UL 94 V-0. The best toughening agent for flame retardant ABS resin is ABS graft powder. When
the amount of fl ame retardant ABS is 9% ~ 19% (mass fraction) Strength of 150-200 J / m; in the same formula and
operating conditions, brominated alkylene oxide as fl ame retardant prepared fl ame retardant ABS resin, the weather
resistance is better than tetrabromobisphenol A as fl ame retardant The Composite expansion fl ame retardant and coated
red phosphorus is an eff ective halogen-free fl ame retardant.

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Original Research Articles

Yuan Chunfei
5 Views, 14 PDF Downloads

The precursor Ni0.76Co0.1Mn0.1 (OH) 2 was prepared by coprecipitation method. The precursor was mixed with
Mg (OH) 2 / Zn (NO3) 2 / TiO2 and LiOH.H2O, Li2CO3 to synthesize doped lithium Ion layer positive electrode
material Li [Ni0.8-xCo0.1Mn0.1Mx] O2 (x = 0.04). The effects of synthesis conditions on the chemical properties
of the composites were discussed. The synthesized samples were prepared by scanning electron microscopy (SEM),
thermogravimetry - diff erential thermal analysis (TG / DTA), X - ray diff raction (XRD) and constant current charge
- Testing and characterization. The results show that the crystallinity of Li [Ni0.8-xCo0.1Mn0.1Mx] O2 (x = 0.04)
prepared at 900 ℃ for 20 h is good, and it has good layered structure. The properties of the doped elements The results
show that the electrochemical performance of the samples with Mg and Zn is good, and the fi rst discharge capacity is
0.1.5mA.h / g and 144.2 mA.h / g (2.8 ~ 4.6 V vs Li + / Li ), The fi rst charge and discharge effi ciency was 51.8% and
58.1% respectively, and the capacity retention rates after 8 and 10 cycles were 92.4% and 78.5% respectively. The fi rst
discharge capacity of the Ti doped sample was 51.3 mA.h / G, poor electrochemical performance.

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Original Research Articles

Zhong Xiuhua
9 Views, 63 PDF Downloads

Polyethylene has become the most important polyolefi n plastic with excellent mechanical properties, processing
properties and chemical resistance. It is used in the production of film, packaging and pipe. However, the nonpolar
property and low rigidity of polyethylene limits its application in certain fi elds. The new progress of chemical
modifi cation, physical modifi cation and modifi cation of polyethylene were reviewed. Chemical modifi cation includes
graft modification, copolymerization modification, crosslinking modification, chlorination, chlorosulfonation
modification and plasma modification. There are different methods of polyethylene production which include high
pressure polyethylene, medium pressure polyethylene and low pressure polyethylene. All three methods have their own
benefi ts and shortcomings which coexist in the industry.

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Original Research Articles

Huang Huanhai
18 Views, 16 PDF Downloads

The potential crisis of energy and the deterioration of ecological environment make the world's cumbersome
development of renewable energy including new energy, including solar energy. Traditional energy in the coal, oil and
natural gas are evolved from ancient fossils, it is collectively referred to as fossil fuels. As the world's energy needs
continue to increase, fossil fuels will also be depleted, it is necessary to fi nd a new energy to replace the traditional
energy. Solar energy is a clean renewable energy with mineral energy incomparable superiority. Modern society should
be a conservation-oriented society, and social life should also be a life-saving energy. At the same time, Premier Wen
Jiabao also proposed on June 30, 2005 and stressed the need to speed up the construction of a conservation-oriented
society. And solar energy as an inexhaustible new environmentally friendly energy has become the world's energy
research work in the world an important issue. Is the world in the economic situation to take a simpler, economical,
environmentally friendly and reliable building heating and heating energy-saving measures. This paper summarizes the
current global energy status, indicating the importance of solar power and prospects. Details of the various solar power
generation methods and their advantages, and made a comparison of this power generation parameters. At the same
time pointed out that the diffi culties faced by solar power and solutions, as well as China's solar power of the favorable
conditions and diffi culties. The future of China's solar energy made a prospect.

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Original Research Articles

А.F. Salenko, V.Т. Shchetinin, G.V. Gabuzian, V.А. Nikitin, S.А. Klymenko, А.М. Potapov, Lj. Tanovic
41 Views, 37 PDF Downloads

Background: Modern composite materials have a number of advantages in comparison with the traditionally used ones and allow implementing new methods of processing, which makes the finished product cheaper and makes its use more efficient.

Objective: In order to improving the surface quality and productivity taken by A functional approach. 

Method: A functional approach to the development of cutting technologies for Carbide and Super Hard Multilayered Composites is considered. It allows, by alternating the effects of different nature, to obtain qualitative edges, to lower the residual stresses in the surface layers, and to achieve a high surface quality. The essence of the approach is that the method of impact is determined on the basis of a morphological search of options for the execution of individual surface elements, each of which, combined into a set, uniquely forms the function of the finished product. The cutting is determined by a rational sequence of execution of technological transitions, provided that each harmful intermediate function at the finish stage turns into neutral or complements the required useful function.

Results: Examples of figured cutting of plates from polycrystalline diamond-containing materials are given, the results of obtaining qualitative edges are shown.

Conclusion: Thanks to the proposed technology based on the use of a functionally oriented approach, the functions of the tool for cutting are divided between the tool itself and the product part. As a result, the processing speed increases more than 3 times, and a high cut quality is achieved.

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Original Research Articles

Joseba Mendiguren, Biotza Zubia, Julen Agirre, Lander Galdos, Eneko SaenzdeArgandona
60 Views, 65 PDF Downloads

Material formability has become one of the main problems, together with the springback, when stamping high added-value components for the automotive industry. The pursuit of weight reduction has led to higher strength alloys which show a lower formability. Among the different formability criteria (e.g. necking, edge strain, fracture and radius cracks) the edge strain is starting to be a critical aspect on the process planning stage. In order to characterise this criteria, the hole expansion ratio (HER) is conducted under the ISO 16630 standard. In the last years, multiple authors have analysed the HER of different alloys and its dependency on different process variables i.e. cutting method, test speed, material strength. However, the influence of the springback phenomenon on the test result has not been previously analysed. In this work, the influence of the springback on the HER values has been analysed for a mild steel DX54D and a third generation steel Fortiform1050 with a novel measuring technique. From the obtained results, it can be stated that the springback has a critical influence on the characterised HER value, mainly for the third generation steel, leading to differences of about 40% on the HER limits.

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Original Research Articles

Hasan Akhyar
43 Views, 36 PDF Downloads

This experiment investigated the cooling curve behavior, hardness and microstructure of two aluminum alloys produced by casting process. There are Al-1.37Zn-1.19Si and Al-1.66Si-1.35Zn derived from melting and alloying a pure aluminum with ADC12 (Al-Si) ingot. Cooling curve recorded from both those two alloys with pouring temperature at 710 oC and the mold temperature kept constant at 220 oC. The result shows, a freezing range of Al-1.37Zn-1.19Si alloy is 643–348 oC and Al-1.66Si-1.35Zn alloy is 621–401 oC. Then cooling rate obtained for Al-1.37Zn-1.19Si is 55.56 oC/S, and Al-1.66Si-1.35Zn is 30.09 oC/S. TThe higher hardness is 40.42 BHN at Al 1.66 Si-1.35Zn, while the lower value is 34.62 BHN on Al-1,37Zn-1,19Si alloy. The hardness value found higher when cooling rate is shorted. The number of silicon present on microstructure is highest in Al-1.37Zn-1.19Si alloy but the hardness value decreases. This is caused by the distribution of the silicon content in the alloy is irregular. It was found that the solidification rate had an effect on hardness, where the freezing rate obtained a high hardness value.

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Indexing and Archiving

Materials Science: Materials Review(MSMR) aims to be indexed by world-recognized databases, for example, PubMed, Scopus and Science Citation Index (SCI). MSMR has been indexed and archived by several databases:

Editorial Board

Editor-in-Chief

V. Gunasekaran, Solid State Electronics Lab, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, Katahira, Japan

Editorial Board

Adnan Shahid Khan, Faculty of Computer Science And Information Technology (FCSIT), Universiti Malaysia Sawarak (UNIMAS), Malaysia
Aman Jantan, Computer Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
Ismail Ahmedy, Computer System And Technology(Fcsit), University of Malaya, Malaysia
Nadir Shah, Computer Science, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Wah Campus, Pakistan
Shahbaz Akhtar Abid, Computer Science, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Wah Campus, Pakistan
Zurina Mohd Hanapi, Communication Technology and Network, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Focus and Scope

Materials Science: Materials Review is an international Open Access journal that focuses on all areas of materials science into a single and unique reference source. This is a cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, reviews, rapid communications, and letters of important technical and scientific findings from fundamental point of view of materials science research.

This journal publishes the most significant new research of experimental and theoretical studies which focus on the synthesis, characterization, properties of materials such as metals, non-metals, metal-oxides, ceramics, glasses, polymers, composites, solids, semiconductors, and electronic materials. Topics are not limited to application of materials as optical materials, superconductors, thin-films, porous materials, nanomaterials and their structures. In addition, the reports of materials with mechanical, magnetic, thermal, biomedical and biological properties are also invited.

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Journal TitleAPC
Materials Science: Materials Review$800

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If you are residing in one of the above mentioned countries and need to apply for a waiver, please email our editorial department (editorial@whioce.com) with the following information:

  • Your name and institution with full address details
  • Title of journal you wish to submit a manuscript to
  • Reason for applying for a waiver
  • Title of your paper
  • Country of residence of all co-author

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Frequently Asked Questions

  • Answer: To establish whether your paper is suitable for this journal, please read Focus and Scope under Editorial Policies.
  • Answer: Registration and login are required to submit manuscript online and to check the status of current submission.
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Announcements

 

Call-for-Papers

 

Whioce Publishing Pte Ltd  and the Editor-in-chief invite all authors  to submit their  manuscripts to  our  newly launched  journal, Materials Science: Materials Review, for peer review.

 
Posted: 2017-06-08
 
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