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Synthesis of 2,3-dihydroquinazolin-4(1H)-ones catalyzed by Perchlorated Zirconia (HClO4/ZrO2) nanoparticles as a novel solid acid catalyst

Seyed Yousef Mosavian


Zirconia was synthesized in nanosize by sol-gel method and perchlorated zirconia (HClO4/ZrO2) with various calcination temperatures were prepared and characterized by XRD, FTIR and SEM techniques. The catalyst acidity characters, including the acidicstrength and the total number of acid sites were determined by potentiometric titration. The catalytic performance experiments show that the HClO4/ZrO2 with calcination temperature of 300 °C has the best catalytic activity. 2,3-Dihydroquinazolin-4(1H)-ones were

prepared in good to excellent yields via condensation reaction of oaminobenzamide and various types of aldehydes and ketones in the presence of HClO4/ZrO2 nanoparticles as an efficient solid acid catalyst. The catalyst is reusable with moderate loss in activity.

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