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Original Research Articles

by J. Karthick, Ramkumar Thulasiram, S. Rajesh, M. Saravana Kumar, M. Thinakaranraj, M. Vijayaram
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The objective of this paper is to determine the optimum fly ash content at which soil behavior is improved. Soil improvement is termed as soil stabilization. Soil stabilization depends on factors such as unconfined compression, cohesion, shear load, consolidation and permeability of soil and CBR value of soil. Fly ash is a thermal waste. Nearly half of the fly ash generated is not been used, hence usage of fly ash will reduce waste. Test conducted were sieve analysis, specific gravity, standard proctor compaction, unconfined compression, direct shear, free swell index, variable head permeability and consolidation for black cotton soil. Test also was conducted on soil replaced with fly ash in the level of 5%, 10% and 15%. Among the various replacement tried out, better results were observed for soil replaced with 10% of fly ash. Beyond the 10% level of replacement a reduction in performance was observed. Hence fly ash can be used for soil stabilization up to 10% replacement.

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Original Research Articles

by Asaf Tolga Ulgen
13 Views, 15 PDF Downloads

In the present study, I have investigated the effect of different annealing time durations of 0.5h, 1h, 2h and 4h (annealing temperature at 700oC) on the electrical, micro structural and superconducting properties of the nano hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) added/doping magnesium diboride (MgB2) superconducting samples. The aim of this work, hBN added MgB2 superconducting bulk samples are determined to find out the optimum sintering time, also investigated how BN addition effects the optimum fabrication conditions. These superconducting samples were prepared by the conventional solid-state reaction method. Experimental techniques of X-ray diffraction (XRD) were used for structural and microstructural examinations. Critical transition temperatures, difference between Tc-onset and Tc-offset, a and c lattice parameter, grain size, bulk density, residual resistivity ratios (RR) and cross-sectional area fractions (AF) of the pure and nano-hBN added MgB2 materials are obtained using a cryostat equipped with a superconducting magnet. All the experimental results notice that the characteristic features improve regularly with the increment in sintering time durations. 

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Original Research Articles

by Seyed Yousef Mosavian
16 Views, 16 PDF Downloads

Zirconia was synthesized in nanosize by sol-gel method and perchlorated zirconia (HClO4/ZrO2) with various calcination temperatures were prepared and characterized by XRD, FTIR and SEM techniques. The catalyst acidity characters, including the acidicstrength and the total number of acid sites were determined by potentiometric titration. The catalytic performance experiments show that the HClO4/ZrO2 with calcination temperature of 300 °C has the best catalytic activity. 2,3-Dihydroquinazolin-4(1H)-ones were

prepared in good to excellent yields via condensation reaction of oaminobenzamide and various types of aldehydes and ketones in the presence of HClO4/ZrO2 nanoparticles as an efficient solid acid catalyst. The catalyst is reusable with moderate loss in activity.

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