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Research News: Apple Describes 7nm iPhone SoC

 

SAN JOSE, Calif. — Apple announced a family of three iPhones powered by a 7nm SoC enabling up to 512 GBytes of memory. The handsets range in starting prices from $749 to $1,099, increase battery life by 30 to 90 minutes, and ship within two to six weeks.

The smartphones, and two new models of the Apple Watch, generally packed larger screens and upgraded chips, in some cases in slightly smaller devices. None of the devices support 5G cellular networks, expected to start switching on later this year, but the handsets support Gbit/s data rates, an LTE capability that Qualcomm was early to support.

Apple’s 7nm A12 Bionic chip packs 6.9 billion transistors and is “the most powerful chip in a smartphone,” said chief executive Tim Cook.

The A12’s two high-performance CPU cores deliver 15% more speed and 40% greater efficiency than the prior A11. Four other cores are 50% more efficient than those on the prior chip. The 10-nm A11 was touted as sporting up to 25% more performance and 70% more efficiency than its predecessor, reinforcing reports that the 7-nm node delivers declining advantages.

 
Posted: 2018-09-12
 

Research News: Why the IIoT is So Vulnerable to Cyberattacks

 

BOULDER CREEK, Calif. — We are seeing a number of attacks both on industrial control systems (ICS) and on the operational technology (OT) side of the industrial IoT (IIoT) with increasing frequency.

 

 

Why is the IIoT so vulnerable to cyberattacks?

We talked to ICS and OT specialists at major cybersecurity solutions providers, as well as key industry analysts, to suss out the answers.

The consensus was a list of several elements that have combined to create a perfect storm over the last few years:

  • a big increase in the number of sensors and devices being connected to each organization’s IIoT, forming a huge potential attack surface
  • decades-old OT equipment and control systems never designed for exposure to the internet and, therefore, not designed for security
  • a patchwork of OT and control systems from multiple vendors running proprietary and non-updatable software, including human-machine-interface (HMI) computers with access to remote terminal units (RTUs), SCADAmaster (supervisory control computers), and programmable logic controllers (PLCs)
  • poor or absent cybersecurity practices and technology, including a lack of either designed for the very different ICS/OT environment, not the IT environment
  • lack of budgets, or insufficient budgets, for implementing cybersecurity awareness, monitoring, and prevention technology
  • a steep escalation in the numbers and types of attacker
 
Posted: 2018-09-12
 

Research News: 5G is Just Rolling Out. So What's 6G?

 

When the city of Oulu, Finland, invited a group of journalists to come and have a look at some of the work that they are doing to initiate research on 6G, I (like many I have spoken to) immediately thought, But we don’t even have commercial 5G yet, so how can we be talking about 6G?

But once I got there, I began to realize that it’s just a marker — most of the work going on in Oulu, as in the rest of the world, is in rolling out 5G, carrying out trials, and figuring out business models and use cases. As the head of Nokia’s supply chain told us, it is already shipping millions of its Airscale radio access platform for 5G installations in cities around the world.

Aerial view of Oulu, Finland. Image: Nitin Dahad/EE Times
Aerial view of Oulu, Finland.
Image: Nitin Dahad/EE Times
 
Posted: 2018-09-12
 
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