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The Evolution of Public Transport Policy in Hong Kong since 1981

Zhe Li


Counting only the usable land, the population in Hong Kong is as dense as 34,000 people per square kilometer, and it has a highly efficient multi-modal public transport system. According to the experience of Hong Kong public transit system, highly reputable public transport services reveals that the the viability and sustainability of mass transit railways depend very much on accompanying transport policies and land development strategies. The ways to reduce traffic congestion from supply measures to demand management and change the transit mode from vehicle to railway are both based on Hong Kong’s actual situation. Finally this article emphasis on sustainable transport is a great experience which needs research with more in-depth thinking, and the evolution of public transport policy in Hong Kong is a good inspiration for the public transit development in the other great cities in the world.


evolution; public transport; policy; Hongkong

Full Text:



Hong Kong Transport 40 Years, Transport Department, 2008

Hong Kong First Comprehensive Transport Study, Environment Branch, 1973

Keeping Hong Kong Moving - The White Paper on Internal Transport Policy, Environment Branch, Government Secretariat, May 1979

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