Satellite Oceanography and Meteorology

Editor-in-ChiefSheng, Jinyu

ISSN: 2424-9505 (Online)

ISSN: 2424-8959 (Print)

Journal Abbreviation: Satell Oceanogr Meteorol

Publication Frequency: bi-annual

Article Processing Charges (APC): Click here for more details

Publishing Model: Open Access

Journal no: 10P

About the Journal

The Satellite Oceanography and Meteorology (SOM) was launched in 2016, in response to the growing use of remotely sensed satellite data in understanding and identifying important processes and phenomena occurring in the atmosphere and ocean. The SOM provides space for oceanographers, meteorologists, hydrologists and climatologists to publish their research papers on theory, science, technology and applications of satellite remote sensing data of the ocean, atmosphere and climate.

Recently Published Articles


Jinyu Sheng
72 Views, 61 PDF Downloads


Youyu Lu, Jiaxing Li, Ji Lei
102 Views, 102 PDF Downloads

The model simulated meso-scale eddies in the Northeast Pacific Ocean, using two models with nominal horizontal resolutions of 1/12° and 1/36° in latitude/longitude (grid spacing of 7.5 km and 2.5 km), respectively, are presented. Compared with the 1/12° model, the 1/36° model obtains (1) similar variance and wavenumber spectra of  the sea level anomaly and water temperature anomaly, and (2) increases in the level of the domain-averaged total kinetic energy, eddy kinetic energy (EKE), and variance of horizontal gradient of water temperature. In the interior basin of the southern region, both models show stronger eddy frontal activities, represented by EKE, temperature and its horizontal gradient, in summer and fall than in winter and spring. The challenge of evaluating the realism of high-resolution ocean models with conventional satellite remote sensing observations is discussed.



Yi Sui, Jinyu Sheng, Kyoko Ohashi, Yongsheng Wu
93 Views, 94 PDF Downloads
A nested-grid ocean circulation modelling system is used in this study to examine the circulation of surface waters over the Scotian Shelf and its adjacent waters. The modelling system consists of a coarse-resolution (1/12°) barotropic storm surge (outer) model covering the northwest Atlantic Ocean, and a fine-resolution (1/16°) baroclinic (inner) model covering the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Scotian Shelf, and Gulf of Maine. The external model forcing includes tidal forcing, atmospheric forcing, surface heat fluxes, freshwater discharge, and large-scale currents specified at model open boundaries. The three-dimensional model currents are used to track trajectories of particles using a Lagrangian particle-tracking model. The simulated particle movements and distributions are used to examine the dispersion, retention, and hydrodynamic connectivity of surface waters over the study region. The near-surface dispersion is relatively high over western Cabot Strait, the inner Scotian Shelf, and the shelf break of the Scotian Shelf, while relatively low in Northumberland Strait. A process study is conducted to examine the physical processes affecting the surface dispersion, including tidal forcing and local wind forcing. The model results show that the tidal currents significantly influence the dispersion of surface waters in the Bay of Fundy.


David B. Fissel, Yuehua Lin, Alison Scoon, Jose Lim, Leslie Brown, Ryan Clouston
83 Views, 75 PDF Downloads

The Nass River discharges into Nass Bay and Iceberg Bay, which are adjoining tidal inlets located within the northern inland waters of British Columbia, Canada. After the Skeena River, the Nass River is the second longest river within northern British Columbia, which discharges directly into Canadian waters of the Pacific Ocean. It is also supports one of the most productive salmon fisheries in northern British Columbia. The Nass River discharges into the eastern end of Nass Bay. Nass Bay, in turn feeds into Portland Canal and the fresh surface waters then flows westward to the Pacific Ocean via Dixon Entrance. The tides in Northern British Columbia are very large with a tidal height range of just over 7 m. Nass Bay is a shallow inlet of less than 10 km in length with typical water depths of than 10 m or less. The existing knowledge of oceanographic processes in Nass and Iceberg Bays was rudimentary until three years ago, when the first modern oceanographic measurements were obtained. In this study, the seasonal and tidal variability of the lateral extent of the Nass River surface plume is mapped from analyses of Landsat satellite data spanning the period from 2008 to 2015. A high resolution coupled three dimensional (3D) hydrodynamic model was developed and implemented, within the widely used and accepted Delft3D modeling framework, which was forced and validated using recent 2013-2016 in-situ oceanographic measurements. The combined satellite and numerical modeling methods are used to study the physical oceanographic and sediment transport regime of Nass and Iceberg Bays and the adjoining waters of Portland Inlet and Observatory Inlet. The ocean circulation of Nass and Iceberg Bays was found to be dominated by tidal currents, and by the highly seasonal and variable Nass River freshwater discharges. Complex lateral spatial patterns in the tidal currents occur due to the opening of the southwestern side of Nass Bay onto the deeper adjoining waters of Iceberg Bay. Surface winds are limited to a secondary role in the circulation variability. The sediment dynamics of the Nass Bay system features a very prominent surface sediment plume present from the time of freshet in mid-spring through to large rainfall runoff events in the fall. The time-varying turbidity distribution and transport paths of the Nass River sediment discharges in the study area were characterized using the model results combined with an analysis of several high-resolution multi-year Landsat satellite data sets.



Dingtian Yang, Xiaoqing Yin, Lizhu Zhou
62 Views, 71 PDF Downloads

Seagrass and associated bio-resources are very important for swan’s overwintering in Swan Lake in Rongcheng of Shandong Peninsula of China. The seagrass distribution changes, which are usually affected by the regional human activities, can indirectly affect swan’s habitat. In this study the satellite remote sensing data in years 1979–2009 together with in-situ observations in recent years were used to examine the seagrass distribution changes in Swan Lake. The band ratio of band 1 to band 2, Lyzenga’s methods and band synthesize of band 1, band 2 and band 3 were used for seagrass retrieval. The band ratio of band 1 to band 2 with ranges greater than 4.5 was used for estimating the seagrass coverage greater than 50%. Results showed that in years 1979–1990 seagrass coverage greater than 50% occupied more than half of the surface area of Swan Lake. In years 2000–2005, the total area with seagrass distributions reduced greatly, only about one sixth to one fourth of Swan Lake’s surface area. After 2005, the seagrass area in Swan Lake increased gradually and occasionally was greater than one third of the total surface area of the Lake. It was shown that human activities such as the dam and fish pond establishment and the awareness of seagrass importance and protected actively result in the seagrass distributions changes in Swan Lake which decreased first and then increased afterwards.



Xiaoming Zhai
182 Views, 226 PDF Downloads
The annual cycle of surface eddy kinetic energy (EKE) and its influence on eddy momentum fluxes are investigated using an updated record of satellite altimeter data. It is found that there is a phase difference between the annual cycles of EKE in the western boundary current regions and EKE in the interior of the subtropical gyres, suggesting that different mechanisms may be at work in different parts of the subtropical gyres. The annual cycles of EKE averaged in the two hemispheres are found to be of similar magnitude but in opposite phase. As a result, the globally-averaged EKE shows little seasonal variability. The longer record of altimeter data used in this study has brought out a clearer and simpler picture of eddy momentum fluxes in the Gulf Stream and Kuroshio Extension. Considerable seasonal variations in eddy momentum fluxes are found in the western boundary current regions, which potentially play an important role in modulating the strength of the western boundary currents and their associated recirculation gyres on the seasonal time scale.


Guang Jun Zhang, Mingcheng Wang
139 Views, 122 PDF Downloads

How high convective clouds can go is of great importance to climate. Cloud ice and liquid water that detrain near the top of convective cores are important for the formation of anvil clouds and thus impact cloud radiative forcing and the Earth’s radiation budget. This study uses CloudSat observations to evaluate convective cloud top heights in the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Community Atmosphere Model (CAM5). Results show that convective cloud top heights in the tropics are much lower than observed by CloudSat, by more than 2 km on average. Temperature and moisture anomalies from climatological means are composited for convective clouds of different heights for both observations and model simulation. It is found that convective environment is warmer and moister, and the anomalies are larger for clouds of higher tops. For a given convective cloud top height, the corresponding atmosphere in CAM5 is more convectively unstable than what the CloudSat observations indicate, suggesting that there is too much entrainment into convective clouds in the model.



Jinyu Sheng
372 Views, 82 PDF Downloads

The journal of Satellite Oceanography and Meteorology (SOM) was launched in 2016 for inspiring and disseminating research papers on theory, science, technology and applications of satellite remote sensing data of the ocean, atmosphere and climate. We welcome research papers in areas of (a) original research results from satellite observations of the regional and global ocean and atmosphere, (b) calibration/validation and research related to future satellite missions, and (c) new satellite-derived products and climate records constructed from satellite observations. We also welcome high-quality research papers in broad research areas including but not limiting to (i) oceanography and marine science; (ii) meteorology and atmospheric science; (iii) air-sea, physical-biological and physical-chemical interactions, and (iv) studies of the Earth’s climate system.



Tao Xie, Li Zhao, William Perrie, He Fang
140 Views, 138 PDF Downloads

Climate change, increasing activities in areas like offshore oil and gas exploration, marine transport, eco-tourism, in additional to the usual activities of northerners resident are leading to reductions in sea ice. Therefore, there is an urgent need for improvement in the sea ice detection in polar areas. Starting from the mechanism of electromagnetic scattering, based on an empirical dielectric constant model, we apply EM multi-reflection and transmission formulas for coefficients between the air-ice interface and sea water-ice interface to develop a model for estimating the capability of detection of sea ice and ice thickness based on a pulse radar system, synthetic aperture radar (SAR). Although the dielectric constant of sea ice is less than that of sea water, this model can provide a rational methodology as the normalized radar cross section (NRCS) of sea ice is larger than that of sea water due to multiple reflections. The numerical simulations of this model showed that the convergence rate is rapid. With 3 or 4 reflections and transmissions (depending on temperature, salinity, and dielectric constants of sea ice and water), truncation errors can be satisfied using theoretical considerations and practical applications. The model is applied to estimate the capability of SAR to discriminate ice from water. The numerical results suggested that the model ability to measure ice thickness decreases with increasing radar incident angles and increases with increasing radar pulse width. Reflection and transmission coefficients decrease monotonically with ice thickness and are saturated for ice thicknesses above a certain critical value which depends on SAR incidence angle, frequency and dielectric constants of sea ice. The capability to detect ice thickness for given different bands of pulse radar widths can be estimated with this model.



Qingtao Song, Zhaohui Wang
328 Views, 167 PDF Downloads
Motivated by the shortcomings of radio frequency interferences (RFI) associated with the spaceborne L-band radiometers near the Northwest Pacific and previous study near the Amazon plume, this study presents a sea surface salinity (SSS) retrieval algorithm from the microwave radiometer onboard the HY-2A satellite. The SSS signal is improved by differentiating the reflectance between the C and X band. A reflectance calibration method is proposed by using a combination of radiative transfer model (RTM) and the Klein-Swift emissivity model. Evaluations of the retrieved SSS from the HY-2A satellite indicate that the root mean square error (RMSE) is about 0.35 psu on 0.5 degree grid spacing and monthly time scale which is comparable to the accuracy of SMOS and Aquarius-SAC/D satellites.
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Focus and Scope

The Satellite Oceanography and Meteorology (SOM) was launched in 2016, in response to the growing use of remotely sensed satellite data in understanding and identifying important processes and phenomena occurring in the atmosphere and ocean. The SOM provides space for oceanographers, meteorologists, hydrologists and climatologists to publish their research papers on theory, science, technology and applications of satellite remote sensing data of the ocean, atmosphere and climate.

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    Journal article (print) with one to three  authors

    Younger P. (2004). Using the internet to conduct a literature search. Nurs Stand, 19(6): 45–51.

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    Gamelin F X, Baquet G, Berthoin S, et al. (2009). Effect of high intensity intermittent training on heart rate variability in prepubescent children. Eur J Appl Physiol, 105(1): 731–738.

    Journal article (online) with one to three authors

    Jackson D, Firtko A and Edenborough M. (2007). Personal resilience as a strategy for surviving and thriving in the face of workplace adversity: A literature review. J Adv Nurs, 60(1):  1–9.

    Journal article (online) with more than three authors

    Hargreave M, Jensen A, Nielsen T S S, et al. (2015). Maternal use of fertility drugs and risk of cancer in children—A nationwide population-based cohort  study in Denmark. Int J Cancer, 136(8): 1931–1939.

    Book with one to three authors

    Schneider Z, Whitehead D and Elliott D. (2007). Nursing and Midwifery Research: Methods and Appraisal for Evidence-based Practice, 3rd edn. Marrickville, NSW: Elsevier Australia.

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    Davis M, Charles L, Curry M J, et al. (2003). Challenging Spatial Norms, London: Routledge.

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Satellite Oceanography and Meteorology is an Open Access Journal under Whioce Publishing. All articles published in Satellite Oceanography and Meteorology are accessible electronically from the journal website without commencing any kind of payment. In order to ensure contents are freely available and maintain publishing quality, Article Process Charges (APC) is applicable to all authors who wish to submit their articles to the journal to cover the cost incurred in processing the manuscripts. Such cost will cover the peer-review, copyediting, typesetting, publishing, content depositing and archiving processes. Those charges are applicable only to authors who have their manuscript successfully accepted after peer-review.

Journal TitleAPC
Satellite Oceanography and Meteorology$800

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Frequently Asked Questions

  • Answer: To establish whether your paper is suitable for this journal, please read Focus and Scope under Editorial Policies.
  • Answer: Registration and login are required to submit manuscript online and to check the status of current submission.
  • Answer: The submission file can be submitted in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Answer: The length of the manuscript cannot be more than 8000 words.
  • Answer: The cover letter is necessary for each submission. The cover letter should be uploaded as a separate file in Step 4 during the submission. The contents of the cover letter should include brief explanation of what was previously known, the conceptual advancement with the findings and its significance to broad readership. The cover letter will only be visible to the editor. Reviewers will not have access to the cover letter.
  • Answer: You can suggest 2 reviewers for your submission. However, the decision of whether to invite them lies with the Editor.
  • Answer: This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. Refer to the Publication Fees tab for more details.



Call for Papers


The Editor-in-Chief, Prof. Jinyu Sheng, invites all authors to submit manuscripts for peer-review.

Posted: 2017-08-23
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