Satellite Oceanography and Meteorology

Editor-in-ChiefSheng, Jinyu

ISSN: 2424-9505 (Online)

ISSN: 2424-8959 (Print)

Journal Abbreviation: Satell Oceanogr Meteorol

Publication Frequency: bi-annual

Article Processing Charges (APC): Click here for more details

Publishing Model: Open Access

Journal no: 10P

About the Journal

The Satellite Oceanography and Meteorology (SOM) was launched in 2016, in response to the growing use of remotely sensed satellite data in understanding and identifying important processes and phenomena occurring in the atmosphere and ocean. The SOM provides space for oceanographers, meteorologists, hydrologists and climatologists to publish their research papers on theory, science, technology and applications of satellite remote sensing data of the ocean, atmosphere and climate.

Recently Published Articles


V. Naveen Kumar 1, M. Purnachandra Rao 2, G. Anil Kumar 3, K. Samatha 2, P. S. Brahmanandam 4
6 Views, 6 PDF Downloads
This research presents atmospheric temperature profiles and trends retrieved using COSMIC RO technique and balloon-borne radiosonde instrument in 2007 and a few cases during 2017. By effectively using ‘wet’ temperature product available at COSMIC Data Analysis and Archive Center (CDAAC) website, an analysis has been made to present temperature profiles and trends at various regions including, Indian, Taiwan and Japan. A one-to-one correspondence is, clearly, seen between temperature profiles retrieved with COSMIC RO and radiosonde instrument. But, few and dominant differences in temperature profiles are found below at an altitude of ~5 km and above around tropopause (~16-17 km). The dominant differences found at below ~5km could be due to the inhomogeneous distribution of humidity present, generally, at the tropical regions, whereas above the tropopause altitudes, differences might be due to the ionospheric residual correction as reported by other researchers. Further, temperature monthly trends at various regions show distinct characteristics including, a sharp temperature inversion up to tropopause altitude. In addition, it is also observed maximum temperatures (peaks) during the northern summer seasons (May, June, July, and August) and minimum temperatures (troughs) during the northern winter seasons (November, December, January, and February) near to the surface of the Earth. Interestingly, although it is generally observed that the tropopause altitude is located at ~ 16-17 km at various regions, a keen observation reveals that distinct seasonal and latitudinal variations can be witnessed. With this case study, it may be concluded that the COSMIC RO technique is able to provide very accurate measurement, which reiterates its importance as a powerful tool to explore the Earth’s atmosphere on the local and global scale.


Fanghua Xu 1
4 Views, 3 PDF Downloads

A simple temperature-dependent wind stress scheme is implemented in National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Community Earth System Model (CESM), aiming to enhance positive wind stress and sea surface temperature (SST) correlation in SST-frontal regions. A series of three-year coupled experiments are conducted to determine a proper coupling coefficient for the scheme based on the agreement of surface wind stress and SST at oceanic mesoscale between model simulations and observations. Afterwards, 80-year simulations with/without the scheme are conducted to explore its effects on simulated ocean states and variability.
The results show that the new scheme indeed improves the positive correlation between SST and wind stress magnitude near the large oceanic fronts. With more realistic surface heat flux and wind stress, the global SST biases are reduced. The global ocean circulation represented by barotropic stream function exhibits a weakened gyre circulation close to the western boundary separation, in agreement with previous studies. The simulation of equatorial Pacific current system is improved as well. The overestimated El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) magnitude in original CESM is reduced by ~30% after using the new scheme with an improved period.



Kenza KHOMSI 1,2, Houda NAJMI 2, Zineb SOUHAILI 1
13 Views, 8 PDF Downloads
Temperature is the first meteorological factor to be directly involved in leading ozone (O3) extreme events. Generally, upward temperatures increase the probability of having exceedance in ozone adopted thresholds. In the global climate change context more frequent and/or persistent heat waves and extreme ozone (O3) episodes are likely to occur during in coming decades and a key question is about the coincidence and co-occurrence of these extremes. In this paper, using 7 years of surface temperature and air quality observations over two cities from Morocco (Casablanca and Marrakech) and implementing a percentile thresholding approach, we show that the extremes in temperature and ozone (O3) cluster together in many cases and that the outbreak of ozone events generally match the first or second days of heat waves. This co-occurrence of extreme episodes is highly impacted by humidity and may be overlapping large-scale episodes.


Jhuma Biswas 1
9 Views, 18 PDF Downloads
This study examines the long term trend of the radiatively active atmospheric aerosols which can influence the Earth’s energy budget directly by scattering and absorbing radiation and indirectly by acting as cloud condensation nuclei. MODIS sensor on board the NASA Earth Observing System Terra and Aqua satellite based Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) data are used for long term analysis of aerosols over Bongaigaon, Assam for the period August, 2002 to March, 2017. Highest AOD values are observed in pre-monsoon (March-May) season due to long range transportation as well as intense biomass burning activities especially as a part of Jhum cultivation. In general, AOD values are low in post-monsoon (October-November) season which may be due to wash out of aerosols by rain in the preceding months without enough replacement. The monthly AOD values vary from its highest value 0.949 in April, 2016 to its lowest value 0.107 in November, 2002 for the study period. From the comparison of MODIS Terra and Aqua AOD at 550 nm, it is clearly seen that generally Terra AOD at 10:30 hr is higher than the Aqua AOD at 13:30hr. A slowly increasing trend of both Aqua and Terra AOD at 550 nm is observed over the study location. The observed Ångström exponent value varies from its minimum value in monsoon season to its maximum value in winter season. With increasing AOD values, horizontal visibility decreases over Bongaigaon.


Jianli Li 1, Yun Wang 1, Pengfei Dang 1, Zhaoxing Lu 1,2
1 Views, 1 PDF Downloads
The attitude determination method plays an important role in SINS/CNS integrated system for spacecraft. Since the misalignment angels are indirect measurements, the misalignment angle model used in the existing attitude determination method can cause transformation errors. To solve the problem, an attitude determination method based on convected Euler angle error model for SINS/CNS integrated system is proposed. The attitude error propagation is analyzed, and the convected Euler angle error model is derived. Furthermore, the state equation of SINS/CNS integrated system is established. The Kalman filter estimates and compensates the Euler angle errors. Finally, simulation results verified that the proposed method can improve the attitude accuracy compared to the conventional misalignment angle method.


Qi Liu 1, Yawen Zhang 1
4 Views, 2 PDF Downloads
During summer, melt ponds have a significant influence on Arctic sea-ice albedo. The melt pond fraction (MPF) also has the ability to forecast the Arctic sea-ice in a certain period. It is important to retrieve accurate melt pond fraction (MPF) from satellite data for Arctic research. This paper proposes a satellite MPF retrieval model based on the multi-layer neural network, named MPF-NN. Our model uses multi-spectral satellite data as model input and MPF information from multi-site and multi-period visible imagery as prior knowledge for modeling. It can effectively model melt ponds evolution of different regions and periods over the Arctic. Evaluation results show that the MPF retrieved from MODIS data using the proposed model has an RMSE of 3.91% and a correlation coefficient of 0.73. The seasonal distribution of MPF is also consistent with previous results.


Annie Melinda Paz-Alberto 1, Edmark P. Bulaong 1, Jose T. Gavino 1, Christopher R. Genaro 1, Ranilo B. Lao 1
1 Views, 1 PDF Downloads
Remote sensing offers fast, cheap and reliable method in detecting river and coastal changes. In this study, satellite imageries of Morong river and coastlines from 2006 to 2016 were collected and analyzed to monitor changes. Field measurements were also done using South Total Station (NTS-362R6L) in 2016 for comparison and validation of data. Results showed that the river outlet and the riverbank increased in width size due to erosion brought about by torrential rains and urban run-offs. Coastlines near the river narrowed in size or shifted landward due to coastal erosion and sea level rise. An interview was conducted to locals residing nearby the river and coast where strong typhoons were reported which cause geophysical changes in the area. The residents also observed sea level rise, coastal and river erosion which caused narrowing of the coastlines and widening of the river, respectively. Records of high tides and low tides collected were projected in annual average levels per month. The average level of low tides increased per year which can be a result of sea level rise. The computed RMSE between field and remote sensing measurements ranged from 0.1m to 0.67m which indicated positional accuracy of Google Earth in the area.


Annie Melinda Paz-Alberto 1, Edmark P. Bulaong 1, Ranilo B. Lao 1, Eleazar V. Raneses 1, Bennidict P. Pueyo 1
11 Views, 11 PDF Downloads
Geophysical changes of the river outlets, riverbanks and coastlines in Alaminos, Pangasinan were measured using Google Earth from 2009 to 2014. On the other hand, actual measurements were gathered using South Total Station (NTS-362R6L) in 2015. The insights of the residents regarding feature changes of the river were obtained through one on one interview. Root Mean Square Errors (RMSE) were computed for measurement and horizontal positional accuracy of Google Earth. To perceive the effects of sea levels, historical data (2004-2015) from Bolinao, Philippines Tide Chart at online tides and currents predictions were also analyzed. Alaminos river outlets decreased in width size due to natural factor and human activities. Alaminos riverbank increased in width size which could be possibly due to natural calamities and weak bank resistance brought about by the frequent flooding caused by heavy rains and the emergency released of water from San Roque Dam. Generally the north and south coasts of Alaminos River increased and expanded. Rise in sea level is also a probable cause of changes wherein heights of low tides in Pangasinan Gulf is increasing overtime. The computed RMSE was low which indicate positional accuracy and measurement of Google Earth in the study area.


M. Chinnamuthu 1, S. Anbazhagan 1, K. Tamilarasan 1
5 Views, 17 PDF Downloads
Mars is one of the interesting planets for geoscientists to explore the presence of water on the surface of terrestrial planets. The age, geology and geomorphic processes of Mars are almost similar to Earth surface processes. However, earth as tremendous influence of tectonism. The Martian surface once it was flourishing with water flow and formations of fluvial channels, lakes, deltas and oceans. The planet Mars evolved through ages with different climatic conditions from warm wetter period to cold drier period. In the present paper, different climatic condition and the reasons for escape of water from surface of Mars are discussed with help of review work.


A. Narendra Babu 1, V. Naveen Kumar 2, P. S. Brahmanandam 3, M. Purnachandra Rao 4, M. Roja Raman 5, K. Sreedhar 6
14 Views, 12 PDF Downloads

This research reports, for the first time, an anomalous wind circulation over Taipei (Latitude 25.030N, Longitude 121.510E), Taiwan during the northern hemisphere winter season (December, January, and February) of years 2004 and 2005. The anomalous wind circulation of meridional winds, which showed southward directions during the winter seasons of 2004 and 2005 instead of northward winds, is noticed from one kilometer altitude range (lower troposphere) and that trend continued till around 20 km altitude range (lower stratosphere). To ascertain whether such a disturbed nature of wind pattern existed over nearby locations to Taipei, we have analyzed radiosonde-measured meridional and zonal winds over four nearby stations station to Taipei including, Roig, Xiamen, Minami and Fuzhou. Surprisingly, no anomalous wind behavior is seen except over Taipei during the northern winter seasons of 2004 and 2005. On the other hand, the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) model-predicted winds do not show any anomalous wind patterns over Taipei and other nearby stations, possibly due to the large averaging of internal variabilities of reanalysis databases. The plausible physical mechanisms of these disturbed meridional wind patterns are not understood at this juncture, but it is believed that local winds and atmospheric pollutants might have created an amicable environment as to provide such a disturbed meridional wind pattern over Taipei, Taiwan in the winter season of 2004 and 2005.

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Indexing and Archiving

Archiving and Indexing Road Map

Satellite Oceanography and Meteorology (SOM) aims to be indexed by world-recognized databases, for example, PubMed, Scopus and Science Citation Index (SCI). SOM has been indexed and archived by several databases:


Editorial Board

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Focus and Scope

The Satellite Oceanography and Meteorology (SOM) was launched in 2016, in response to the growing use of remotely sensed satellite data in understanding and identifying important processes and phenomena occurring in the atmosphere and ocean. The SOM provides space for oceanographers, meteorologists, hydrologists and climatologists to publish their research papers on theory, science, technology and applications of satellite remote sensing data of the ocean, atmosphere and climate.

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    Standard journal article

    Journal article (print) with one to three authors

    Halpern SD, Ubel PA. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. The New England Journal of Medicine 2002 Jul 25;347(4):284-7.

    Journal article (print) with more than three authors

    Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Research 2002;935(1-2):40-6.

    Journal article (online) with one to three authors

    Jackson D, Firtko A and Edenborough M. Personal resilience as a strategy for surviving and thriving in the face of workplace adversity: A literature review. Journal of Advanced Nursing 2007; 60(1):1–9.

    Journal article (online) with more than three authors

    Hargreave M, Jensen A, Nielsen TSS, et al. Maternal use of fertility drugs and risk of cancer in children—A nationwide population-based cohort study in Denmark. International Journal of Cancer 2015; 136(8): 1931–1939.


    Book with one to three authors

    Schneider Z, Whitehead D and Elliott D. Nursing and Midwifery Research: Methods and Appraisal for Evidence-based Practice, 3rd ed. Marrickville, NSW: Elsevier Australia; 2007.

    Book with more than three authors

    Davis M, Charles L, Curry M J, et al. Challenging Spatial Norms, London: Routledge; 2003.

    Chapter or Article in Book

    Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.

    *Note that the editor’s name is not inverted.


    Proceedings of meetings and symposiums, conference papers

    Christensen S, Oppacher F. An analysis of Koza's computational effort statistic for genetic programming. In: Foster JA, Lutton E, Miller J, Ryan C, Tettamanzi AG, editors. Genetic programming. EuroGP 2002: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Genetic Programming; 2002 Apr 3-5; Kinsdale, Ireland. Berlin: Springer; 2002. p. 182-91.

    Conference proceedings (from electronic database)

    Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors. Germ cell tumours V. Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumour Conference; 2001 Sep 13-15; Leeds, UK. New York: Springer; 2002.

    Online Document with author names

    Este J, Warren C, Connor L, et al. Life in the clickstream: The future of journalism. Media Entertainment and Arts Alliance. 2008; Retrieved from foj_report_final.pdf

    Online Document without author name

    Princeton Writing Program. (n.d.). Developing an argument. Retrieved from sites/ writing/Writing_Center/WCWritingResources.htm


    Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of Hispanic Americans [dissertation]. Mount Pleasant (MI): Central Michigan University; 2002.


    Standards Australia Online. Glass in buildings: Selection and installation. AS 1288-2006, amended January 31, 2008. Retrieved from SAI Global database 2006.

    Government Report

    National Commission of Audit. Report to the Commonwealth Government, Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service 1996.

    Government report (online)s

    Department of Health and Ageing.Ageing and aged care in Australia; 2008. Retrieved from main/publishing.nsf/Content/ageing


    Rencher W F. Bioadhesive pharmaceutical car- rier. US Patent 5462749 A. 1995.

    No author

    Guide to agricultural meteorological practices, 2nd ed. Secretariat of the World Meteorological Organization, Geneva; 1981.

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Frequently Asked Questions

  • Answer: To establish whether your paper is suitable for this journal, please read Focus and Scope under Editorial Policies.
  • Answer: Registration and login are required to submit manuscript online and to check the status of current submission.
  • Answer: The submission file can be submitted in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Answer: The length of the manuscript cannot be more than 8000 words.
  • Answer: The cover letter is necessary for each submission. The cover letter should be uploaded as a separate file in Step 4 during the submission. The contents of the cover letter should include brief explanation of what was previously known, the conceptual advancement with the findings and its significance to broad readership. The cover letter will only be visible to the editor. Reviewers will not have access to the cover letter.
  • Answer: You can suggest 2 reviewers for your submission. However, the decision of whether to invite them lies with the Editor.
  • Answer: This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. Refer to the Publication Fees tab for more details.



Call for Papers


The Editor-in-Chief, Prof. Jinyu Sheng, invites all authors to submit manuscripts for peer-review.

Posted: 2017-08-23
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