Vol 2, No 1 (Published)

Table of Contents

Original Research Articles

by Yu. A. Baurov, I. F. Malov
3614 Views, 313 PDF Downloads
Two models of gamma-ray bursts using the theory of byuons (TB) are considered. This theory describes a “life” of special unobservable discrete objects from which the surrounding space and the world of   ultimate particles are formed. Basic axioms and some conclusions of this theory are discussed. It is shown that basic problems with nature of gamma-rays bursts can be solved in the framework of this theory not only for bursts connected with supernova explosions but also for those without explosions.

Original Research Articles

by Paniveni Udayashankar
522 Views, 217 PDF Downloads

Abstract: A dependence of the area of supergranular cells with respect to the Latitude is studied and it is found that the cells are situated symmetrically about the ±250 latitude.

Fractal dimension of the supergranular cells also shows a marginal latitudinal dependence, variation being in the range 1.6–1.7 in the latitudinal limits of ±300. Fractal dimension D for supergranulation is obtained according to the relation P  AD/2 where ‘A is the area and ‘P’ is the perimeter of the supergranular cells. A difference in the fractal dimension between the active and quiet region cells is noted which is conjectured to be due to the magnetic activity level.

Supergranular cells are essentially a manifestation of convective phenomena. They can shed light on the physical conditions in the convection zone of the Sun. Moreover, supergranules play a key role in the transport and dispersal of magnetic fields as it is an important step in our quest to understand the solar cycle.

Original Research Articles

by Mark D. Roberts
1220 Views, 303 PDF Downloads

If one assumes higher dimensions and that dimensional reduction from higher dimensions produces scalar-tensor theory and also that Palatini variation is the correct method of varying scalar-tensor theory then spacetime is nonmetric. Palatini variation of Jordan frame lagrangians gives an equation relating the dilaton to the object of non-metricity and hence the existence of the dilaton implies that the spacetime connection is more general than that given soley by the Christoffel symbol of general relativity. Transferring from Jordan to Einstein frame, which connection, lagrangian, field equations and stress conservation equations occur are discussed: it is found that the Jordan frame has more information, this can be expressed in several ways, the simplest is that the extra information corresponds to the function multiplying the Ricci scalar in the action. The Einstein frame has the advantages that stress conservation implies no currents and that the field equations are easier to work with. This is illustrated by application to Robertson-Walker spacetime.

Original Research Articles

by Madhu Kashyap Jagadeesh
592 Views, 269 PDF Downloads

Search of life elsewhere in the galaxy is very fascinating area for planetary scientists and astrobiologists. Earth Similarity Index (ESI) is defined as geometrical mean of four physical parameters (Such as radius, density, escape velocity and surface temperature), which is ranging from 1 (identical to Earth) to 0 (dissimilar to Earth). In this work, ESI is re-defined as six parameters by introducing the two new physical parameters like revolution and surface gravity and is called as New Earth Similarity Index (NESI). The main focus of this paper is to search Tardigrade water-life on exoplanets by varying the temperature parameter in NESI, which is called as Tardigrade Similarity Index (TSI), which is ranging from 1 (Potentially Tardigrade can survive) to 0 (Tardigrade Cannot survive). The NESI and TSI data is cataloged and analyzed for almost 3370 confirmed exoplanets and the results are discussed

Original Research Articles

by Paniveni Udayashankar
436 Views, 177 PDF Downloads
Supergranulation is examined through its various parameters such as Area, perimeter, circularity and fractal dimension. A connection amongst these parameters throws light on the turbulent aspect of this convective feature. Area and perimeter at various latitudes are also studied in detail. The spread shows an asymmetric dispersion with a minimum dimension at around ±25º because there is a theoretical calculation which indicates that the enhanced fields will reduce the supergranular cell sizes (Chandrasekhar, 1961) around these latitudes. A different technique of analysis on a larger sample could consolidate these findings.