Open Journal Systems

Regional Differences and Influencing Factors of Psychological Integration of Urban Floating Population in China

Tonggang Zeng, Yongchun Yang, Shan Man

Article ID: 1398
Vol 7, Issue 1, 2022, Article identifier:

VIEWS - 161 (Abstract) 112 (PDF)

Abstract

Based on the dynamic monitoring survey data of floating population in 2017, this paper analyzes the regional differences and influencing factors of psychological integration of urban floating population in China. The results show that: (1) The psychological integration of floating population is at a high level; (2) there are significant regional differences in the psychological integration of floating population. The psychological integration of Southeast coastal and a few Western cities is lower than the national average level, and the psychological integration of Northeast, Shandong, Sichuan and Chongqing is higher than the national average level; (3) the psychological integration of floating population has spatial agglomeration effect. In addition to Sichuan and Chongqing, hot spots are concentrated in the North and cold spots are concentrated in the Southeast. (4) Factors like owning real estate, employer status and high education level accelerate the psychological integration of floating population; the increase of income is not conducive to psychological integration, which is related to the sense of relative deprivation; participation in the “new rural cooperative medical system” has a restrictive effect on the psychological integration of floating population; The equalization of temporary residence permit/residence permit and basic public services is an important way to realize psychological integration. The rapid development of urban economy is conducive to the psychological integration of floating population. Inter provincial mobility has an inhibitory effect, and the effects of economic development level, family size and local residence time are not significant.


Keywords

Psychological integration; Floating population; Citizenization; City

Full Text:

PDF


Included Database


References

Wang G. New Trends in Migration and Urbanization in China: A Preliminary Investigation Based on the Seventh Census Data. Population & Economics 2021; (5): 36-55.

Zhu Y. China’s Floating Population and Their Settlement Intention in the Cities: Beyond the Hukou Reform. Habitat International 2007; 31(1): 65-76.

Cui Y. A Study on Migrants’ Psychological Integration and Self-Identity. Sociological Studies 2012; 27(5): 141-160, 244.

Park R. Human Migration and the Marginal Man. American Journal of Sociology 1928; (33): 881-893.

Zhang W, Lei K. The Urban New Immigrants’ Social Inclusion: Internal Structure, Present Situation and Influential Factors. Sociological Studies 2008; (5): 117-141, 244-245.

Csepeli G, Simon D. Construction of Roma Identity in Eastern and Central Europe: Perception and Self-Identification. Journal of Ethnic & Migration Studies 2004; 30(1): 129-150.

Bastian B, Haslam N. Immigration from the Perspective of Hosts and Immigrants: Roles of Psychological Essentialism and Social Identity. Asian Journal of Social Psychology 2008; 11(2): 127-140.

Huang Y. Research on European Immigrants from a Social Exclusion Perspective. Northwest Population Journal 2011; 32(3): 88-93.

Yue Z, Du H, Li S, et al. Social Integration: Definitions, Theories, and Its Applications. Journal of Public Management 2009; 6(2): 114-121, 128.

Bollen KA, Hoyle RH. Perceived Cohesion: A Conceptual and Empirical Examination. Social Forces 1990; 69(2): 479-504.

Zhu L. On the Urban Adaptability of the Peasant-Worker Strata. Jianghai Academic Journal 2002; (6): 82-88, 206.

Yang J. From Isolation, Choice to Integration: Theoretical Thinking on Social Integration of Floating Population. Population Research 2009; 33(1): 17-29.

Zhang J, Zhang Q. Multidimensional Acculturation Model and Ethnic Croups’ Relationship Researches Abroad. Guangxi Ethnic Studies 2008; (4): 8287.

Goldlust J, Richmond AH. A Multivariate Model of Immigrant Adaptation. International Migration Review 1974; 8(2): 193-225.

Li M. An Overview of the Western Theories of International Migration in the 20th Century. Journal of Xiamen University (Arts & Social Sciences) 2000; (4): 12-18, 140.

Wang G, Hu J. A Study on the Social Distance of Floating Population under Double Segmentation. Chinese Journal of Population Science 2018; (6): 43-54, 127.

Chen Y, Zhang Y. The Inequality Effect and Social Integration in Urbanization. Social Sciences in China 2015; (6): 78-95, 206-207.

Li Z, Liang Q, Lin S. Identity, Characteristics and Mechanism of Migrants in Large Chinese Cities of Transitional China. Scientia Geographica Sinica 2020; 40(1): 40-49.

Li H, Han D, Wen X. New Generation Migrant Workers’ Sense of Urban Belonging in China. Jilin University Journal (Social Sciences Edition) 2019; 59(3): 119-127, 234.

Yang J, Zhang J, Wu M. My Home Is Where My Heart Is: Regional Disparity and Self-Identity of Migrants in China. Population & Economics 2016; (4): 21-33.

Tian M. Local Factors Effects on the Urban Integration for the Floating Population. Scientia Geographica Sinica 2017; 37(7): 997-1005.

Tian M, Peng Y. A Comparative Study of Urban Integration of Floating Population: Taking Six Cities in China’s Eastern Coastal Region as an Example. City Planning Review 2014; 38(6): 9-16, 31.

Wang S, Xu S. The Structure and Factors of Social Integration Feelings of the Floating Population. Population Journal 2013; (1): 5-14.

Xiao B, Zhu Y, Lin L. Migrants’ Subjective Social Integration and Its Determinants as a Result of the Two-Way Process of Assimilation and Segregation: A Case Study of Fuzhou-Xiamen-Quanzhou Urban Cluster. Geographical Research 2020; 39(12): 2796-2807.

Ren Y, Qiao N. Social Integration for Migrants: Process, Measurement and Determinants. Population Research 2010; 34(2): 11-20.

National Bureau of Statistics. China City Statistical Yearbook. Beijing: China Statistics Press; 2013-2018.

Xu W, Yang L, Liu C, et al. Temporal-Spatial Evolution Characteristics and Its Causes of Innovation Output in the Yangtze River Economic Belt. Scientia Geographica Sinica 2017; 37(4): 502-511.

Gu H, Li Q, Shen T. Spatial Difference and Influencing Factors of Floating Population’s Settlement Intention in the Three Provinces of Northeast China. Scientia Geographica Sinica 2020; 40(2): 261-269.

Zhao Y, Liang C. Integration and Distinction: Migrant Workers’ Housing Consumption and Class Identity: Based on Analysis of CGSS 2010. Population and Development 2014; 20(2): 23-32.

Lin L, Zhu Y, Ke W. The Impacts of Housing Conditions on Migrants’ Settlement Intention in the Cities: Evidence from Fujian Province. Scientia Geographica Sinica 2019; 39(9): 1464-1472.

Lin L, Zhu Y, Liang P, et al. The Spatial Patterns of Housing Conditions of the Floating Population in China Based on the Sixth Census Data. Geographical Research 2014; 33(5): 887-898.

Qin X, Zheng Z. Effect of New Rural Cooperative Medical System on the Migration of Rural Labor Force: The Analysis Based on National Panel Data. Chinese Rural Economy 2011; (10): 52-63, 76.

Liang T. Residence Certificate System, Life Course and Psychological Integration of New Generation Migrant Population. Journal of Public Management 2020; 17(1): 96-109, 172-173.

Li S, Wang W, Yue Z. A Comparative Study on Settlement Intentions between Self-Employed and Employed Migrants. Population & Economics 2014; (2): 12-21.

Yang J. The Effects of Hukou and Development on Earnings of Different Types of Migrants. Population Journal 2011; (5): 3-15.

Yang J. Research on the Assimilation of the Floating Population in China. Social Sciences in China 2015; (2): 61-79, 203-204.

Fan CC, Sun M, Zheng S. Migration and Split Households: A Comparison of Sole, Couple, and Family Migrants in Beijing, China. Environment & Planning A 2011; 43(9): 2164-2185.

Lin L, Zhu Y, Xu L. Floating Population’s Environmental Perception of Inflow Areas and Its Impact on Settlement Intentions—Based on a Survey in Fuzhou. Human Geography 2016; 31(1): 65-72.


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18063/esp.v7.i1.1398
(161 Abstract Views, 112 PDF Downloads)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Tonggang Zeng, Yongchun Yang, Shan Man

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.