Open Journal Systems

Post-disaster social reconstruction and social development

Manohar Pawar

Article ID: 18
Vol 1, Issue 1, 2016, Article identifier:

VIEWS - 719 (Abstract) 410 (PDF)


The Asia-Pacific region has experienced major disasters, both natural and man-made, in the recent past. Hundreds of families and communities, and several governments, non-government organisations, international organisations and aid agencies have been engaged in relief, rebuilding and rehabilitation activities with varying degrees of effectiveness and success. This article aims to reflect on some of these post-disaster reconstruction experiences; exploring how a social development approach can be employed for the post-disaster social reconstruction; and suggest regional social policies and strategies for multi-stakeholder cooperation to effectively address post-disaster issues at the local level. Although efforts made by several agencies in very challenging contexts are commendable, there are few examples to show the application of the social development approach. By discussing the social development approach, the paper argues that the conscious use of such an approach facilitates a better planning and preparation for anticipated disasters, rehabilitation processes and the comprehensive development of disaster affected areas, including environmental and psycho-social issues. Towards this end, it underscores the role of regional social policies and multi-stake-holder cooperation. The discussion has implications for local and international communities, which are engaged in pre-planning and preparation for disasters and post-disaster reconstruction.


post-disaster, social reconstruction, social development approach, planning and preparation, rehabilitation, regional social policies and multi-stakeholder cooperation

Full Text:


Included Database


Anderson M and Woodrow P, 1989, Rising from the ashes, in Development Strategies in Times of Disaster, Westview Press. Paris: UNESCO.

Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), 2009, Standard Operating Procedure for regional Standby Arrangements and Coordination of Joint Disaster Relief and Emergency Response Operations. Jakarta: ASEAN.

Bava S, Coffey E P, Weingarten K, et al. 2010, Lessons in collaboration, four years post-Katrina. Family Process, vol.49(4): 543–58.

Blakie P, Cannon T, Davis I, et al. 1994, At Risk: Natural hazards, people’s vulnerability and disasters. New York: Routledge.

Cernea M and McDowell C, 2000, Risks and Reconstruction: Experiences of Resettlers and Refugees (Ed.). Washington DC: The World Bank.

Cox D, Pawar M and Picton C, 1997, Introducing a Social Development Perspective into Social Work Curricula at All Levels. Mel-bourne: RSDC, La Trobe University.

EPC-Environmental Planning Collaborative and TCG International, 2004, Participatory Planning Guide for Post-Disaster Reconstruction. Ahmedabad: EPC and Washington, D.C.: TCG International.

Fischer H W, 1998, Response to Disaster: Fact Versus Fiction and its Perpetuation — the Sociology of Disaster, 2nd edn. Lanham: University Press of America.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 2013, Climate Change 2013: The physical science basis, viewed on October 27, 2015,

International Recovery Platform (IRP), 2011, viewed on May 15, 2015,

Jha A K, 2010, Safer homes, Stronger communities: A handbook for reconstructing after natural disasters. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.

Khan M A and Ali A J, 2015, Do non-governmental organisations’ socio-economic and training programmes improve disaster prevention capacity of their beneficiaries? International Social Work, vol.58(3): 401–420.

Laksmono B S, Pattiasina C, Sirojudin A, et al, 2008, Policy and historical context of disaster relief in aceh relevant factors in social work assessment. Asia-Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development, vol.18(2): 6–18.

Oliver-Smith A, 1990, Post disaster housing reconstruction and social inequality: A challenge to policy and practice. Disasters, vol.14(1): 7–19.

May P and Williams W, 1986, Disaster Policy Implementation: Managing Programs under Shared Governance. New York: Plenum Press.

Maskrey A, 1989, Disaster mitigation: A Community Based Approach. UK: Oxfam GB.

Matwijkiw A and Matwijkiw B, 2010, Stakeholder theory and justice issues: the leap from business management to contemporary international law. International Criminal Law Review, vol.10(2): 143–180.

Midgley J, 1992, Development theory, the state and social development in Asia. Social Development Issues, vol.14(1): 22–36.

Midgley J, 1995, Social Development: The Developmental Perspective in Social Welfare. London: Sage.

Mohan B, 2010, Toward a new social development, in Social Development: Critical Themes and Perspectives. New York: Routledge, 205–223.

Mohan B, 2011, Development, Poverty of Culture and Social Policy. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Mohan B, 2011, Development, Poverty of Culture and Social Policy. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Mohan B, 2015, Global Frontiers of Social Development in Theory and Practice: Climate, Economy and Justice. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Mohan B, 2015a, The cultivation of an eco-civilization. In Global Frontiers of Social Development in Theory and Practice: Climate, Economy and Justice. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Pawar M, 2008, The flood of Krishna River and the flood of politics: Dynamics of rescue and relief operations in a village in India. Asia-Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development, vol.18(2), 19–35.

Pawar M and Cox D, 2010a, Social development, in Pawar M and Cox D (eds.), Social Development: Critical Themes and Perspectives (pp. 13–36). New York: Routledge.

Pawar M and Cox D, 2010b, Local level social development, in Pawar M and Cox D (eds.), Social Development: Critical Themes and Perspectives (pp. 37–53). New York: Routledge.

Practical Action, 2014, Disaster risk reduction and climate change, viewed on 27 October 2015,

Régnier P, Neri B, Scuteri S, et al. 2008, From emergency relief to livelihood recovery: Lessons learned from post-tsunami experiences in Indonesia and India. Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, vol.17(3): 410–430.

Roar S and Pawar M, 2008, Perception of and responses to disasters. Asia-Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development, vol.18(2): 72–83.

The European Commission, the United Nations Development Group and the World Bank, 2008, Joint declaration on post-crisis assessments and recovery planning, viewed on 26 October 2011,

Sen A, 2001, Development as Freedom. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Todaro M P, 1997, Economic Development, 6th edn, London: Longman.

United Nations, 2015, The global assessment report on disaster risk reduction (GAR) 2015, viewed on 27 October 2015,

UN Centre for Regional Development. 1988. Explorations in Local Social Development Planning: 1988 Synthesis Report. Nagoya.

Uphoff N, 1986, Local Institutional Development: An Analytical Sourcebook with Cases. West Hartford, CT: Kumarian.

Vatsa K S, 2003, Comprehensive Risk Management by Communities and Local Governments: Component IV — ex-ante and ex-post financial considerations for local government risk management capacity. Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank.

Zhang Q and Wang E, 2010, Local political trust: The antecedents and effects on earthquake victims’ choice for allocation of resources. Social Behavior and Personality, vol.38(7): 929–940

(719 Abstract Views, 410 PDF Downloads)


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Manohar Pawar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.