Vol 5, No 1: (Published)

Table of Contents

Research Articles

by Shusong Deng, Rui Guo, Guozhen Chen, Nianshuang He, Qiwei Wang
357 Views, 189 PDF Downloads
Objective. To explore the relationship between family environment, psychological resilience, campus bullying and tobacco use in early adolescence. Methods. According to the principle of cluster sampling, 4,792 students from grade 4 to grade 6 in five primary schools in Baise City and county were selected from February to November 2018, including 2,522 males (52.63%), 2,236 females (46.66%)and 34 missing genders (0.71%); the average age was (11.8 ± 0.5) years; 2,721 students in urban areas (56.78%) and 2,071 students in county towns (43.22%); 4,313 Zhuang (90.00%), 365 Han (7.62%), 98 other ethnic groups (Yao, Miao, Yi, etc.) (2.05%). The General Family Environment Questionnaire, Adolescent Mental Resilience Scale, School Bullying Questionnaire, and Tobacco Use Questionnaire were used for evaluation, and logistic regression was used to analyze the effect relationship between the study variables. Results. 467 people tried to smoke, and the total detection rate was 9.75%. The number of smokers was 334, and the total detection rate was 6.97%. Boys’ tobacco attempt and smoking behavior were higher than girls (χ2 were 57.230 and 56.013, P < 0. 001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of tobacco attempt of boys was 2.37 times thanthat of girls (OR = 0.468, 95% CI 0.377 ~ 0.582), the risk of smoking in boys is 2.5 times that in girls 32 times (OR = 0.422, 95% CI 0.324 ~ 0.551); older adolescents had more tobacco attempts (OR = 1.609, 95% CI 1.446 ~ 1.791)and smoking behavior (OR = 2.026, 95% CI 1.776 ~ 2.310); campus bullying increased the risk of smoking behavior among adolescents (OR = 1.106, 95% CI 1.073 ~ 1.140). Psychological resilience (personal strength), family intimacy and family rules can effectively reduce the risk of adolescent tobacco attempts (personal strength, OR = 0.964, 95% CI = 0.951 ~ 0.976; family intimacy, OR = 0.946, 95% CI 0.892 ~ 0.984; family rules, OR = 0.949, 95% CI 0.930 ~ 0.965) and smoking behavior (personal strength, OR = 0.962, 95% CI 0.947 ~ 0.977; family intimacy, OR = 0.937, 95% CI 0.885 ~ 0.992; family rules, OR = 0.952, 95% CI 0.932 ~ 0.973). Conclusion. Campus bullying increases the risk of smoking behavior among adolescents. Psychological resilience (personal strength), family intimacy and family rules can effectively reduce teenagers’ tobacco attempts and smoking behavior.

Research Articles

by Chunxia Miao, Cuihong Zhou, Hong Sun, Jianqiang Xu, Juan Zheng, Xiaojing Huang, Youbing Xia
89 Views, 247 PDF Downloads

Purpose: explore the interaction mechanism among college students’ social support, environment, behavior and psychology, so as to provide reference for college students’ behavior guidance and mental health intervention. Methods: 2,510 college students were investigated by general situation questionnaire and college students' quality of life evaluation concise scale (QOLCS-23). Result: (1) social support has a significant positive correlation with environment, behavior and psychology; (2) behavior plays a partial mediating role between social support, environment and college students’ psychology. The mediating effect is significant, and the proportion of mediating effect is 55.22%; (3) compared with life behavior, time management contributes more to college students’ behavior ( β = 0.75, P < 0.001). Conclusion: social support and environment can directly predict the psychology of college students, and can also indirectly affect their psychology through behavior. To improve college students’ mental health level, we should pay attention to college students’ feelings and satisfaction of social support and environment, guide college students to build good behavior, especially establish the awareness of time management.

Research Articles

by Xindong Ma, Jianxiu Liu, Borui Shang, Yi Yin, Ming Yang, Muchuan Zeng, Yao Zhang
507 Views, 289 PDF Downloads

Abstract: Objective: To make a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature on the influencing factors of adolescent physical activity from the perspective of social cognitive theory (SCT) model. Methods: the databases at home and abroad were searched, and 18 literatures meeting the requirements were included. The effect quantities were combined by Stata 15.0 software and analyzed by subgroup. Results: (1) SCT model could predict physical activity in a moderate degree (R2 = 17%, P < 0.01, z = 7.59). (2) Meta-analysis of the literature including self-efficacy, barrier self-efficacy, social support and social status showed that these factors were significantly correlated with physical activity (N ≥ 75%). (3) Influenced by different regions, gender and statistical methods, there are heterogeneity among the research results. Conclusion: SCT model can predict adolescent physical activity to a moderate extent; self efficacy, barriers self-efficacy, social support and social status are the key indicators to predict physical activity; affected by different regions, gender and cultural environment, the prediction results of SCT model on adolescent physical activity are different.

Review Articles

by Limei Zhao
505 Views, 213 PDF Downloads

The study of farmers' values has been the focus of experts, scholars, government officials and the media all the time, which has always been in progress. After Wenchuan earthquake, the values of farmers there have changed a lot. It is an urge problem demanding prompt solution and also a very important part of post-disaster reconstruction. The study and analysis of the core socialist values of the farmers in the earthquake-stricken areas can not only develop the theory further, but also provide reference for the future rural revitalization. This paper analyzes the topic from the following three aspects: the main characteristics, the influencing factors and the guiding strategies of the changes of values.