Vol 6, No 1: (Published)





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Research Articles

by Qiang Li, Xiaowei Wei, Hongkun Zhai
157 Views, 66 PDF Downloads

Improving the level of national mental health and strengthening the construction of social psychological service system are the necessary and important ways to promote the implementation of the Healthy China strategy. However, the gap between the requirements of Healthy China strategy for social mental health service system and the current situation of mental health service in China is still widespread. Promoting the public to form an effective demand for psychological help and establishing a new mental health service model is the key to bridge this gap. Optimizing mental health literacy is an important starting point and breakthrough to solve this problem. At present, the research on mental health literacy is undergoing a transformation from the paradigm of psycho-epidemiology to the paradigm of psychology and sociology. Taking contemporary China as the background, the reconceptualization of mental health literacy and the exploration of the current situation of Chinese mental health literacy in the new era is one of the core task of current psychological path research. The significance of this study is mainly reflected in: (1) promote the formation of effective demand for help and improve the level of public mental health; (2) enhance cultural selfconfidence and construct the theory of mental health literacy of contemporary Chinese people; (3) guide the supply side structural reform of mental health services and promote mental health equity; (4) reduce the burden of mental illness and help build a well-off society in an all-round way; (5) help build a social and psychological service system.


Research Articles

by Janet Mmbaha, Mugala Bulinda
406 Views, 178 PDF Downloads

Numerous studies have been conducted on alcohol and sports among student athletes focusing on the causes, consequence, and intervention measures. However, information is scarce about the perspectives of coaches on alcohol consumption among student athletes. This study examined knowledge and perspectives of coaches on alcohol use among student athletes. Sixty coaches (N-60) were purposively selected from public universities in Kenya.  A self-reported questionnaire was used to collect data. Findings indicate coaches to have lengthy experience in coaching and they were aware of alcohol consumption among student athletes. Student athletes consumed more alcohol off-season than during season. Senior students consumed more alcohol than the other students. Coaches lacked support of administrators in enforcing anti-alcohol policies. Education, counseling and benching the players were the commonly used intervention measures by coaches.


Research Articles

by Qi Ma, Yue Zhang, Wenwen Wang, Hongli Lu, Haijing Zheng, Pudan Zhang
193 Views, 74 PDF Downloads

Objective: To explore the demographic characteristics and psychological factors of patients with opioid addiction. Methods: A random number method was used to select 200 opioid-addicted patients admitted to the 7th People’s Hospital of Zhengzhou from January 2019 to February 2020. Demographic characteristics and psychosocial factors were analyzed. Result: The proportion of opioid addicts aged 21 ~ 30 was the highest; the proportion of men was significantly higher; the proportion of people who is between jobs/unemployed is the highest; the proportion of junior middle school was the highest, and the proportion of unmarried was relatively high; the proportion of opioid addicts with ignorance/curiosity for the cause of first addiction was the highest; the use of suction is snorting, accounting for the highest proportion. According to the analysis of relevant social and psychological factors, the proportion of single parent family group is the highest, the proportion of parent tension is the highest, and the proportion of bad life coping style is relatively high. At the same time, dependent psychology occupies the highest proportion in psychological factors of relapse patients. Conclusion: By analyzing the demographic characteristics of opioid addicts and the psychosocial factors of their addiction, we can strengthen prevention and management for specific groups to reduce the new addition and relapse of opioid addicts.


Research Articles

by Jianxing Zhang, Suhua Zhang, Xue Yao, Li Zhang, Dan Wu, Dongmei Chen, Huabing Zhang, Junli Ou
122 Views, 54 PDF Downloads

Objective: To study the prevalence and main influencing factors of Internet addiction among junior middle school students in Chengdu, and to provide scientific basis for the prevention and intervention of Internet addiction. Methods: From September to December 2017, 3,607 junior middle school students were randomly selected from 8 middle schools in Chengdu by stratified cluster sampling, and investigated by selfmade questionnaire. SPSS 19.0 software was used for χ 2 test and multiple linear regression analysis. Results: 174 of 3,607 junior middle school students in Chengdu were diagnosed with Internet addiction, and the detection rate of Internet addiction was 4.8%. There were significant differences in the scores of mental health, learning pressure, parent-child relationship and peer relationship between Internet addiction and non-internet addiction junior middle school students (P < 0.05). The results of multiple linear regression showed that family economic status, learning pressure, depression and anxiety were positively correlated with internet addiction, while parent-child relationship, peer relationship and social support were negatively correlated with Internet addiction (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Conclusion: The detection rate of Internet addiction among junior middle school students in Chengdu is at a low level. Junior middle school students with low social support and high depression and anxiety have a higher risk of Internet addiction, which can be reduced by improving their mental health.


Research Articles

by Guoliang Yu, Qing Wang
157 Views, 62 PDF Downloads

In recent years, the relationship between group identity and individual mental health has attracted the attention of researchers. Through combing and summarizing the relevant literature, this study found that: the number of group identity has a significant relationship with individual mental health; the relationship between group identity and individual mental health is regulated by group identity motivation and individual evaluation of the group, and depends on the mediation of self-esteem, social support, control perception, attribution style and other factors; in the future, we should use a variety of methods to continue to study the regulatory variables and mechanism of the relationship between group identity and individual mental health.


Research Articles

by Weiqiao Fan, Yun Li, Mengting Li, Lifang Zhang
98 Views, 24 PDF Downloads

Objective: To explore the relationship between adolescents’ psychosocial development and life satisfaction from the perspective of personality development according to the theory of psychosocial development stage and social ecosystem theory. Methods: The one-year interval tracking design was adopted to analyze the cross-lagged relationship between psychological development and life satisfaction of 526 junior students in middle school: 44.5% girls and 55.5% boys. Results: In early adolescence, the level of individual psychosocial development and life satisfaction decreased with the increase of age. There is a significant cross lag between the degree of psychosocial development and life satisfaction: the psychosocial development in December 2017 (the first assessment, T1) positively predicts the life satisfaction in December 2018 (the second assessment, T2); T1’s life satisfaction can predict T2’s psychosocial development. Conclusion: The degree of psychosocial development and life satisfaction of adolescents will decline over time. Psychosocial development will affect their life satisfaction, and life satisfaction will also affect their psychosocial development.


Review Articles

by Francis Onditi
2615 Views, 36 PDF Downloads

The LAPSSET project is a mega undertaking with heavy investment. Like any other public infrastructure depends entirely on fund availability and proactive involvement of respective governments, particularly Kenya, given its role as the base of the port in Manda. Unfortunately, the mind-set in the region are fixated to believe that hegemonic tendencies of Kenya will divert the initial idea of connecting Africa. Moreover, given the high costs involved compared to most country’s GDP in the region, cooperation with other sub-regions beyond Eastern Africa is indispensable. This article assess the feasibility of the LAPSSET project within the regional political dynamics. 


Review Articles

by Tolu Olupona, Oluwole Jegede, Clarety Keseke, Evaristo Akerele
210 Views, 50 PDF Downloads

African Immigrants in the United States account for a rapidly growing population of immigrants in the country, constituting about four percent of the foreign-born population. The group has seen a significant population increase from 881,300 in 2010 to 1,606,914 in 2010. African immigrants are however not a monolithic population, as this number and diversity increases, there continues to be a growing need for mental health professionals to assess the peculiar mental health care needs and practices of this population. The primary African immigrant groups in the United States include Nigerians, Ethiopians, Egyptians, Ghanaians, and Kenyans. The delivery of optimal mental health care to this population involves a thorough comprehension of factors that influence mental health in African Immigrant populations. Such factors include the ethno-cultural background of families, the diversity of religions, immigration status, socio-economic status, language, family and sibling subsystems, identity issues and various forms of mental health stigma. Due to the complexity of these socioeconomic and cultural nuances, the mental illness presented by adolescents and young adult Africans are often atypical and their treatment requires appropriate cultural competence by physicians and mental health professionals.