Vol 6, No 2 (Published)





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Table of Contents

Research Articles

by Jinyun Duan, Xiaoyun Ren, Wenjie Luo, Xiaoming Tian
137 Views, 57 PDF Downloads

Based on the cognitive theory of social stratum, this paper discusses the influence of family social stratum on self-concern and others’ concern career choice, as well as its mechanism and boundary conditions. Through questionnaire method (Study 1)and experimental method (Study 2), the results show that family social class is positively correlated with ego-focused occupations and negatively correlated with others concerned occupations; independent self-construal plays a mediating role between family social stratum and ego-focused occupation, while interdependent self-construal plays a mediating role between family social stratum and other concerned occupation; individual and collectivist values regulate the family social class by predicting the indirect effect of career choice through self-construal.


Research Articles

by Debra Mims, Rhondda Waddell
99 Views, 70 PDF Downloads

A systematic review of literature published from 2006 to 2017 was conducted in order to examine intimate partner violence and sexual violence perpetrated against those individuals who identified as lesbian, bi-sexual, gay, and/or transgender (LBGT) and the challenges they faced from identifying as an LBGT individual.   Results of the literature findings indicated that LBGT individuals are exposed to childhood sexual abuse, adult sexual assaults, intimate partner violence and hate crimes at significantly higher rates when compared to the general population.  The examination of the literature revealed disproportionate rates of harassment, physical assaults, sexual assaults and intimate partner violence when compared to the general population.  In addition, individuals who identify as LBGT are substantially prone to internalization of their feelings, making them prone to post-traumatic stress (PTS), depression, anxiety, substance abuse and suicide. The lack of available support for the LBGT community leaves them feeling vulnerable and underserved. This research advocates for effective collaboration with social services with the aim of ensuring justice and equitable treatment for LBGT individuals.


Research Articles

by Jinjun Zhang
89 Views, 42 PDF Downloads

Based on the relevant research results of academic circles and the case data of farmers’ environmental resistance in 8 villages in Guangdong Province, Anhui Province and Shaanxi Province, this paper analyzes the causes, initiators, subjects, methods and failure results of farmers’ environmental resistance. The study found that farmers’ environmental resistance is generally affected by environmental rights awareness, health risk concerns, economic interest needs, inner dissatisfaction and considerations of the continuation of village lineage, but it is different from place to place. The initiators of farmers’ environmental struggle are mainly middle-aged men or the elderly, and the main body is the elderly and women; the main ways are self-relief for environmental protection, seeking help from the media and environmental letters and visits. Generally speaking, the environmental resistance of these farmers has failed. The combined effect of the three “social-psychological” mechanisms of violent punishment, persuasive discipline and imitative obedience has led to the transformation of farmers from environmental resistance to collective silence to a great extent.


Research Articles

by Siti Raba'ah Hamzah, Nor Hidayah Mohamed, Ismi Arif Ismail, Bahaman Abu Samah
558 Views, 315 PDF Downloads
The objective of this study was to investigate the mediating role played by youth religiosity in the relationship between the psychosocial factors of parental attachment, peer attachment, and institutional social bonding with positive youth development (PYD). PYD was based on the 5Cs (competence, confidence, connection, character, caring & compassion)model. This study involved a cluster sampling of 677 youths in Malaysian community colleges; their ages ranged from 18 to 23 years (M = 19.47; SD = 3.59). Data were collected via self-administered questionnaires. The findings indicated that youth religiosity fully mediated the relationships of parental attachment, as well as peer attachment with PYD. Religiosity also partially mediated the relationship between institutional social bonding and PYD. Hence the findings suggest that youth religiosity, which comprises ritualistic and prosocial behaviour, contributed considerably to positive youth development

Research Articles

by Arezou Aghaei Kutanaei, Ghasem Omidvar
312 Views, 166 PDF Downloads

Today, it is necessary to use bookless libraries due to the increasing addition of new scientific articles and documents to previous sources and other related problems. This study aimed to propose a model for introducing the environmental psychology indices of the bookless library for Art and Architecture faculties by studying a case study at the Faculties of Art and Architecture of the Islamic Azad University, Tehran South Branch. This research, based on its nature, subject, and objectives, used the quantitative method. The statistical population of the study was the students studying at above-mentioned faculties. Stratified random sampling method was employed to select the participants. The study was carried out in eight steps. In the first step, library resources such as books and reputable scientific articles were used for collecting the basic data. In the second step, reputable articles were used to find scientific design indices. In the third step, some indices were selected from the obtained indices for the design, and a questionnaire was prepared based on them. In the fourth step, the opinion of the supervisor was used for assessing the validity of the questionnaire, and the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was used for measuring the reliability of the questionnaire. In the fifth step, questionnaires were distributed among the students, and their agreement to each index in the design was questioned. In the sixth step, the data obtained from the questionnaires were divided into three groups of variables: Environmental psychology, internal architecture, and digital equipment and furniture, then the data were analyzed by SPSS. The seventh step dealt with the hypotheses. Kolmogorov–Smirnov Est, one-sample t-test, independent t-test, and one-way variance analysis were used to test the hypotheses. In the final step, the results were obtained to prioritize the indices of internal space design. The results showed that indices with a mean more than 4 were mentioned as core indices, and indices with a score of more than 3.5 were considered as important indices. Finally, it can be concluded that the mentioned indexes will provide a desirable environment for designing a bookless library.


Review Articles

by Enríquez Canto Yordanis
117 Views, 70 PDF Downloads

Disability has proved to be the theoretical nature of heuristic devices to explore human conditions. The relationship between disability and human condition has rarely been explored. The first section analyzes the vulnerability and dependence of human conditions and how they affect disability through the loss of condition quality. Then it analyzes the special form of possession. The third part discusses that although people with intellectual disability may be irrational. It does not mean that their statuses of humanbeing are excluded. Finally, it explains that although disability may cause the loss of quality, it is impossible to lose the embodiment and sense of belonging to the human family. The heuristic method is used to raise questions according to three hypothetical cases. Disability is a way of representing the human condition and is of enlightening value because it helps to examine the components of our existence.


Review Articles

by Héctor Berroeta, Laís Pinto de Carvalho
198 Views, 117 PDF Downloads

The psychosocial literature in the context of socio-natural disasters mainly focuses on the psychological consequences of the affected people, while ignoring the psychosocial environmental factors. Here, we emphasize the relevance of community environmental psychology to analyze the subjective aspects of the relationship with the place and the community relations of the localities affected by disasters. Therefore, we propose a conceptual framework of the categories of community psychology and environmental psychology, which are related to the study of the social spatial connection in what we call socio-natural disasters. This view is illustrated by the results of a study using a hybrid approach that describes how people living in communities affected by earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanic eruptions in four locations in Chile. In a non-probabilistic convenience sample (n = 628), the responses to the scale of location attachment, location identity, residence satisfaction, community awareness and citizen participation were analyzed, as well as the narration of 17 focus groups (n = 117) on the meaning of public space construction. The conclusion is that the combination of environmental and community psychology expands the understanding of the elements of power and territorial disputes, and highlights the psychosocial defects in post disaster reconstruction solutions.


Review Articles

by Liangyue Li, Fangming Zhai, Hailan Liu, Chonghua Wan, Jianfeng Tan, Libin Zeng
162 Views, 73 PDF Downloads

Doctor-patient trust is the basis of harmonious doctor-patient relationship. Social psychology plays a unique role in interpreting the connotation and construction of doctor-patient trust relationship. From the two levels of doctor-patient interpersonal trust and intergroup trust, this paper summarizes the relevant theoretical viewpoints of social psychology on the construction of doctor-patient trust relationship, and analyzes the key factors affecting doctor-patient interpersonal trust and intergroup trust. On this basis, this paper puts forward the construction path of doctor-patient trust of “interpersonal interaction-emotional communication-interpersonal trust” and “intergroup interaction-social knowledge-intergroup trust”, reveals the interaction mechanism of interpersonal trust and intergroup trust and the circular feedback mechanism between them to promote the formation of doctor-patient trust relationship, and establishes a social psychology model of the formation mechanism of doctor-patient trust relationship.


Case Reports

by Matt Broadway-Horner
346 Views, 185 PDF Downloads

This paper seeks to explore the aspects of being made homeless or internally displaced person (IDP) and how the team attempted to assess this. The team of 10 psychological researchers and statisticians spent a day at five camps in four locations within Kegalle, Sri Lanka. The languages within the team are Tamil, English, and Sinhalese. The aim to find out if depression, anxiety, and trauma symptoms are evident within child, adolescents, and adults categories, 3 months after the landslide triggered by the Storm Roanu, May 2016. The participants volunteered to be interviewed using self-report measures. The psychological researchers did have undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in psychology. While the project lead had clinical experience, the researchers did not and so this was their first field trip. The research was granted ethical clearance by the ethics board at the Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP), Colombo. Unfortunately, due to low numbers, a significance is problematic and so this paper addresses the experience and lessons learned by implication for professional growth and future research with IDP. However, the impact on men’s health becomes clear as the team discovers the psychosocial aspects of being homeless. Purpose – This paper seeks to explore the aspects of being made homeless or internally displaced person (IDP) and how the team attempted to assess this. Design/methodology/approach – The team of 10 psychosocial researchers headed up by Matt BroadwayHorner, Consultant Nurse in Mental Health and Learning Disabilities, spent a day at five camps in four locations within Kegalle, Sri Lanka. The languages within the team are Tamil, English, and Sinhalese. The aim was to find out if depression, anxiety, and trauma symptoms are evident within child, adolescent, and adult categories, 3 months after the landslide triggered by the Storm Roanu, May 2016. The participants volunteered to be interviewed using self-report measures. The research was granted ethical clearance by the ethics board at CIRP, Colombo. Findings – unfortunately, due to low numbers, a significance is problematic for child and adolescents. The significance is seen in the adult population and so this paper addresses the experience and lessons learned by implication for professional growth and future research with IDP. However, the impact on men’s health becomes clear as the team discovers the psychosocial aspects of being homeless. Research limitations/implications – due to the unpredictability of IDP, the numbers were less than what was predicted by the Red Cross and UNICEF. Furthermore, we were not allowed a second visit and so could not compare and contrast data. Originality/value – much is written on IDP, but this is the first paper on this specific landslide and so adds to the knowledge base.