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Author Guidelines

Before submitting for publication, please check that your manuscript has been prepared in accordance to the step-by-step instructions for submitting a manuscript to our online submission system.

Manuscript Format

Your manuscript should be in MS Word format. You are advised to download the template when preparing your submissions to this journal. All manuscripts must be written in clear, comprehensible English. Both British and American English are accepted. Usage of non-English words should be kept to a minimum and all must be italicized, with the exception of “e.g.”, "etc." and “i.e.”. If you have concerns about the level of English in your submission, please ensure that it is proofread before submission by a native English speaker or a scientific editing service.

Types of Submission

International Journal of Population Studies accepts original research articles, reviews, letters, editorials, commentaries, perspectives and reports, etc. Please read this section further for the definition of each type and select the appropriate option in the submission system.

Research articles: Scientific articles based on research findings or analysis.

Review articles: A summary highlighting recent developments and current/future trends of the field.

Letters to the editors: Comments from reader(s) about individual articles. These letters must be constructive and contribute to the development of individual articles published or the entire journal. Letters containing new ideas, supporting data or data criticizing an article may be subjected to peer-review (determined on a case-by-case basis by the journal’s editorial team) and published in the online publication but not in the printed version. 

Editorials: Solicited concise commentary highlighting prominent topics in the Journal’s issue. These are the official opinions of the editors of the journal or its special issue. Editorials will be published in both online and printed versions of the journal. 

Commentaries: Unsolicited commentaries or analysis from reader(s) targeting specific published articles in the journal. Commentaries will be subjected to peer-review and may be published in both online and printed versions of the journal.

Perspectives: These are author’s personal opinion on a subject/topic. Unlike reviews, perspective articles may cover a more specific, articles cover more specific part of the field. However, these are still required to uphold the spirit of academia of being objective as well as aiming to initiate or further discuss on novel experimental procedures in the field. Therefore, it will undergo peer review process. Accepted articles may be solicited or unsolicited. 

Reports: Documents that summarize the execution and results of a clinical case involving population construct or a collaborative research programme that is directly related to the advancement of population research. Submissions will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis and are usually solicited by the editors.

Book reviews: a review of a single book (800-1,200 words) or an essay on multiple books on the same subject or multiple books from the same author (3,000 words).

Cover Letter

All submissions should include a cover letter as a separate file and upload it as a supplementary file. A cover letter must include a brief explanation of what was previously known, the conceptual advancement with the findings and its significance to broad readership. The cover letter is confidential and will be read only by the editors. It will not be seen by reviewers.

Title Page and List of Authors

A separate file that contains the title of the manuscript and the list of all authors should be uploaded as a supplementary file. The names of authors must be spelled out rather than set in initials along with their affiliations. Authors should be listed according to the extent of their contribution, with the major contributor listed first. All corresponding authors should be identified with an asterisk. For contact purposes, email address of at least one corresponding author must be included. Please note that all authors must view and approve the final version of the manuscript before submitting. The file should be uploaded separately as the main text. Title page should be separated from the main manuscript.

Main Manuscript

The main body of a manuscript should include the title of the manuscript and following components: Abstract, Introduction, Data and Method, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Conflict of Interest, Acknowlegdements, and References.


Articles may include an abstract containing a maximum of 250 words. The purpose of abstract is to provide sufficient information for readers to determine whether or not to proceed to the full text of the article. 

Section Headings

Number the section headings (e.g. 1234.) in boldface. Likewise, use boldface to identify subheadings too but distinguish it from major headings using numbers (e.g. Further subsections of subheadings should be differentiated by italics font with the numbers 1.1.1, 1.2.1, 1.3.1.


The introduction should provide a background that gives a broad readership an overall outlook of the field and the research performed. It identifies research problems and highlights the importance of the study. Introduction should end with a brief statement about the aim of the study conducted.

Data and Methods

This section provides a brief description on the method followed. The aim is to provide enough detail for other investigators to fully replicate the results. It is also required to facilitate better understanding of the results obtained. Protocols and procedures for new methods must be included in detail for the reproducibility of the experiments. Informed consent should be obtained from patients or parents prior to commencement of the study and should be mentioned in this section.


This section of manuscript focuses on the results from the analyses.


This section should provide the significance of the results and identify the impact of the research in a broader context. It should not be redundant or similar to the content of the results section.


Please use the conclusion section for interpretation only, and not to summarize information already presented in the text or abstract.

Author's Contribution

This section is optional, it could be included in a subheading titled "Author's Contribution" after the "Conclusions" section. This section could provide the contributions of each author as listed in your manuscript if possible.

Ethics Statement

If your study involves humans or human data, then your article should contain an ethics statement which includes the name of the committee that approved your study. If the human data in your research is the secondary data (or a publicly available survey data or census micro sample), the ethics requirement can be waived. Ethics information should include IACUC permit numbers and/or IRB name, if applicable. This information should be included in a subheading labeled "Ethics Statement" after "Author's Contribution".

Availability of Supporting Data

This section is optional. International Journal of Population Studies encourages all data used in the analysis to be deposited in available public repositories, presented in the main papers or attached as additional supporting files, in machine-readable format whenever possible. 

Conflict of Interest

All authors are required to declare all matters that have the potential to be deemed as a source of competing interest in relations to their submitted manuscript. Examples of such activities could include personal or work-related relationships, events, etc. Authors who have nothing to declare are encouraged to add "No conflict of interest was reported by all authors" in this section.


This section appear just before the references if possible. It is the section where the authors may credit others for their guidance or help in writing the manuscript. Authors should declare all financial and non-financial support that have the potential to be deemed as a source of competing interest in relations to their submitted manuscript in this section. Financial supports are generally in the form of grants, royalties, consulting fees and others. Examples of non-financial support could include the following: externally-supplied equipment/biological sources, writing assistance, administrative support, contributions from non-authors, etc.


This section is optional and is for all materials (e.g. advanced technical details) that has been excluded from the main text but remain essential to the readers in understanding the manuscripts. 


The text of the manuscript should be in Microsoft Word or Latex. 


Authors should include all figures into the manuscript and submit it as one file. Figures include photographs, scanned images, graphs, charts and schematic diagrams. Figures submitted should avoid unnecessary decorative effects (e.g. 3D graphs), as well as should be minimally processed (e.g. changes in brightness and contrast applied uniformly for the entire figure). It should also be set against a white background. Please remember to label all figures (e.g. axis, etc.) and add captions below the figure, as required. These captions should be numbered (e.g. Figure 1Figure 2, etc.) in boldface. All figures must have a brief title (also known as caption) that describes the entire figure without citing specific panels, followed by a legend, defined as description of each panel. Please identify each panel with letters in parenthesis (e.g. (a), (b), (c), etc.)

The preferred file formats for any separately submitted figure(s) are TIFF or JPEG. All figures should be legible in print form and of optimal resolution. Optimal resolutions preferred are 300 dots per inch (dpi) for RBG coloured, 600 dpi for greyscale and 1,200 dpi for line art. Although there are no file-size limitation imposed, authors are highly encouraged to compress their figures to an ideal size without unduly affecting the legibility and resolution of figures. This will also speed up the process of uploading in the submission system, if necessary.

The Editor-in-Chief and Publisher reserve the right to request from author(s) the high-resolution files and unprocessed data and metadata files, should the need arise at any point after manuscript submission for reasons such as production, evaluation or other purposes. The file name should allow for ease in identifying the associated manuscript submitted.

Tables, Lists and Equations

Tables created using the Microsoft Word table function are preferred. The tables should be numbered (e.g., Table 1, Table 2, etc.) and should include a title at the top. Titles and footnotes/legends should be concise. These must be submitted together with the manuscript. Likewise, lists and equations should be properly aligned and their meaning clear to readers.

In-text citations 

In-text citations should follow author-date style in which the author’s surname and the year published are included in the text. If the reference has no known year of publication, use ‘n.d.’ (without the quotation marks). The citation style depends on the number of authors for the reference.


One author 

Niemi (2011) illustrated some scenarios to prove this. The theory governs civil society (Niemi, 2011) and social behaviour. In 2011 Niemi described the theory in detail.

Two authors

Always use both names. Examples:

Chandler and Tsai (2001) analyzed data from several reports. This theory was further supported by Chandler and Tsai (2001). In 2001 Chandra and Tsai proposed a possible mitigation measure. The method is proved to be valid in the literature (Chandler and Tsai, 2001).

Three or more authors

(1) In leading a sentence, use first author’s name, followed by italicized et al. and the year.

Examples: Dickson et al. (2014) brought up some points to support such an argument. In 2014 Dickson et al. noted that such initiatives have far-bearing effects.

(2) In the end of sentence, use all three last names with "and" before the last author's name if there are only three authors; and use all three last names followed by italicized et al. and the year if there are four or more authors. Examples: This was further emphasized and subsequently widely accepted (Dickson, Andersen, and Thompson, 2014; Gates, White, Chen, et al., 2016).


This section is compulsory and should be placed after Acknowledgements. The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. 

The references in reference list should be arranged in alphabetical order of the first author’s surname. Authors referenced should be listed with their surname followed by their initials. All references should also appear as an in-text citation. References should follow the following pattern: Author(s) followed by year of publication, title of publication, full journal name in italics, volume number, issue number in parenthesis and, lastly, page range. If the referred article has more than three authors, list only the first three authors and abbreviate the remaining authors to italicized ‘et al.’ (meaning: "and others"). If the DOI is available, please include it after the page range.


Journal Articles 

Journal article with one to three authors:
Jackson D, Firtko A, and Edenborough M. (2007). Personal resilience as a strategy for surviving and thriving in the face of workplace adversity: A literature review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 60(1):1–9.

Obisesan TO and Gillum RF. (2009). Cognitive function, social integration and mortality in a U.S. national cohort study of older adults. BMC Geriatrics, 9:33.

Journal article with more than three authors: 
Hargreave M, Jensen A, Nielsen TSS, et al. (2015). Maternal use of fertility drugs and risk of cancer in children—A nationwide population-based cohort study in Denmark. International Journal of Cancer, 136(8):1931–1939.



Book with one to three authors: 
Schneider Z, Whitehead D, and Elliott D. (2007). Nursing and Midwifery Research: Methods and Appraisal for Evidence-based Practice. 3rd ed. Marrickville, NSW: Elsevier Australia.


Book with more than three authors: 
Davis M, Charles L, Curry MJ, et al. (2003). Challenging Spatial Norms. London: Routledge.


Chapter or Article in Book 

Conway KM. (2014). Critical quantitative study of immigrant students. In: FK Stage and RS Wells (eds.). New Scholarship in Critical Quantitative Research — Part 1. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, p.51–64



Reports and conference papers:

United Nations. (2017). World population prospects: The 2017 revision. Key findings and advance tables[online]. New York, NY, USA: United Nations Publications. Available from:

DiPrete TA, Bol T, Coicca C, and van de Werthorst H. (2015). School-to-Work Linkages in the United States, Germany and France. 2015 Annaul Meeting of the Population Association of America. San Diego, CA. 2015 April 30-May 2. Available from:


Online document with author names:

Este J, Warren C, Connor L, et al. (2008). Life in the clickstream: The future of journalism. Media Entertainment and Arts Alliance. Available from: foj_report_final.pdf

Online document without author name:

Developing an argument, n.d. Available from:


Gale L. (2000). The relationship between leadership and employee empowerment for successful total quality management [Ph D Thesis]. Australasian Digital Thesis database, University of Western Sydney, p.110–130.


Standards Australia. (2006). Glass in buildings: selection and installation, AS 1288-2006, amended January 31 2008, SAI Global database.

Government report:

National Commission of Audit. (1996). Report to the Commonwealth Government, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

Government report (online):

Department of Health and Ageing. (2008). Ageing and aged care in Australia.


Ning JZ. (2021). The main data of the seventh national census. China Information News, May 1 (001).



Patentee 1, Patentee 2, Patentee 3, et al. (inventors). Patent owner (assignee). (yyyy). Patent Title. Patent country of origin. Patent number. Patent issue date.

Blanco EE, Meade JC, Richards WD (inventors). Ophthalmic V (assignee). (1990). Surgical Stapling System. US patent. 4,969,591.


Article in a language other than English:

For reference in Latin scripts:

- Add [Article in *language*] at the end of the reference.

- Accurate English translation for the reference title should be placed right after the original reference title.

Moreno C and Cendales R. (2011). Mortalidad y años potenciales de vida perdidos por homicidios en Colombia, 1985–2006 [Mortality and potential loss of life caused by murders in Colombia from 1985 to 2006]. Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, 30(4):342-353. S1020-49892011001000008. [Article in Spanish]

For reference in non-Latin scripts:

- Add [Article in *language*] at the end of the reference.

- Transliterate the reference title and journal title into the English alphabets (e.g., use pinyin romanization for Chinese) and tone marks are not needed. 

- Accurate English translation for the reference title should be placed right after the original, transliterated reference title.

Liu ZS. (2020). Zhongmei maoyizhan dui Zhongguo jingji fazhan yu yingdui qihou bianhua de yingxiang ji yingdui [The influence of the trade war between China and the United States on China’s economic development and its response to climate change and relevant countermeasures]. Shijie Huanjing, 2020(1): 43-45. [Article in Chinese]

Note: When referencing an entry from a dictionary or an encyclopedia with no author there is no requirement to include the source in the reference list. In these cases, only cite the title and year of the source in-text. For an authored dictionary/encyclopedia, treat the source as an authored book.



Copyright Notice

Authors contributing to International Journal of Population Studies agree to publish their articles under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International License, allowing third parties to share their work (copy, distribute, transmit) and to adapt it, under the condition that the authors are given credit, that the work is not used for commercial purposes, and that in the event of reuse or distribution, the terms of this license are made clear. With this license, the authors hold the copyright without restrictions and are allowed to retain publishing rights without restrictions as long as the International Journal of Population Studies is the original publisher of the articles.



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Article Processing Charges (APC)

Article Publication: 600.00 (USD)

If this paper is accepted for publication, you will be asked to pay an Article Publication Fee to cover publications costs.

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