Vol 5, No 1 (2019)

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18063/ijps.v5i1


Table of Contents

Research Articles

by Meredith Van Natta, Zachary Zimmer
574 Views, 217 PDF Downloads

This study examines the extent to which the Spanish language influences the way in which respondents report health using the ubiquitous self-assessed health (SAH) outcome. We account for citizenship status, ethnicity, and a series of other covariates. The study uses the 2003-2016 national health and nutrition examination survey (NHANES) (n=39,107). Analyses treat SAH as non-ordered categorical and employ multinomial regressions. Results indicate that those answering in Spanish are considerably and significantly more likely to rate health as “fair/regular” ceteris paribus. Non-U.S. citizens and naturalized citizens are significantly more likely to rate their health favorably in comparison to U.S.-born; those identifying as Hispanic, Black, and other/multiracial are likely to rate health less favorably than others regardless of citizenship or interview language. A model that examines only foreign-born and accounts for years lived in the U.S. shows Spanish language still strongly predicted SAH outcomes, but years spent in the U.S. did not, a finding that does not support notions of acculturation. The study concludes that there is a language bias in the standard SAH measure typically used national-level health surveys and national-level surveys such as NHANES should adjust the question translation to better understand the health of immigrants.

Research Articles

by Danan Gu, Qiushi Feng
408 Views, 238 PDF Downloads

Based on the methods of the average period age ratio and the average cohort age ratio, this study systematically assesses age heaping or digit preference in all population censuses of China. Our study finds that the overall age heaping was relatively low in the Chinese censuses; however, there was a notable preference for ages ending with zero after age 50 in the first two censuses, despite a weakening trend over time. Our study further shows that age heaping in China’s censuses is likely associated with age-related policies such as those on late marriage and retirement. As shown in the study, the average age ratio method can be an alternative of the Whipple’s Index and be improved if the size of birth cohort was taken into account when the number of births is generally reliable.

Research Articles

by Myint Myint Wai, Espen Bjertness, Thein Thein Htay, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul, Johanne Sundby
710 Views, 294 PDF Downloads
Many women in developing countries are dying from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth. These maternal deaths are attributed to the poor coverage of reproductive health services and high fertility levels. A holistic review of the reproductive health is necessary to reflect the country’s situation and progress of reproductive health and provide recommendations for areas that need an improvement. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the historic development of maternal mortality and fertility in Myanmar during the past 25 years, focusing on the antenatal care (ANC) coverage, deliveries attended by skilled persons, and contraceptive use. All published nationally representative data were compiled, and trend analysis was performed. The maternal mortality ratio declined significantly by 9.1 (95%CI: 4.0-14.1) maternal deaths per 100,000 live births/year between 1990 and 2015, but it failed to achieve the target of Millennium Development Goals 5. There was no significant improvement in ANC coverage and care during delivery. Contraceptive use increased significantly, leading to a reduction in the total fertility rate. Nevertheless, overall reproductive health failed to reach a satisfactory level. Maternal mortality still remains high. Thus, there is a need to improve service coverage and more so in the regions with poor performance to reduce the high maternal mortality.

Research Articles

by Sandra Mirembe, Abel Nzabona, John A. Mushomi
445 Views, 179 PDF Downloads

Youth internal migration is seen as a solution to youth unemployment, and this has resulted in over urbanization and its associated negative effects such as congestion, pollution, unemployment, underemployment, and increased crime rates. The study aimed at examining the employment status of youth migrants, assessing the relationship between demographic factors and youth internal migration, investigating the association between socio-economic factors and youth internal migration, and evaluating the association between reasons for migration and migrant employment status. The study used secondary data collected in the youth employment and migration in Eastern and Southern Africa project. In Uganda, the project was carried out in nine districts. The study focused on both men and women aged 18-35 years and a total number of 1524 respondents were interviewed. Results of the study revealed that age, residence, and region had a significant association with migration status (p≤0.05). Age, sex, number of children, region, and reasons for migration had a significant association with self-employment status of the migrant (p<0.05). Marital status, sex, and reasons for migration had an association with the possibility of a migrant youth being employed (p≤0.05). The study recommends that local governments should provide the required infrastructures, social services, and amenities to encourage youths to carry out economic activities so as to develop their places of origin.