Vol 4, No 1 (2018)

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18063/ijps.v4i1


Table of Contents

Research Articles

by Luciana Correia Alves, Claudia Cristina Pereira
715 Views, 156 PDF Downloads

Depression brings a great burden of disease to Brazil. This study investigates depression-free life expectancy (DFLE) between 1998 and 2013 in the country. We used data from Brazilian National Household Survey, National Health Survey and Life Tables provided by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics considering individuals 30 years and older. DFLE by race and sex was calculated using the Sullivan method. We observed improvements in DFLE over time, for all race/color groups. In general, men had a smaller share of years lived with depression when compared to women within the same race groups. Compared to whites, blacks/ browns and people of other races/colors had the highest DFLE for both men and women. White women had the lowest percentage of DFLE. Blacks displayed better estimates of DFLE and lower number of years living with depression than whites, despite the evidence of worse health outcomes depicted in the literature. Further research is needed to understand the lower depression prevalence found for blacks that reflects directly into a higher DFLE.

Research Articles

by Hong Zou, Bingjiang Luan, Kaizhi Yu, Hongwei Xu
541 Views, 223 PDF Downloads
Exploiting China’s mandatory retirement policy, we used fuzzy regression discontinuity design to estimate the effect of retirement on household alcohol expenditure among urban Chinese older adults ages 50–70. Drawing on data from the Urban Household Survey of China Statistics Bureau for the period of 2002–2009, we found that having a retired male household head significantly reduced total household expenditure on alcohol by 32%. After breaking down by different types of alcohol, we found that the retirement effect was largely driven by expenditure on liquor. We explored two potential mechanisms that may explain the retirement effect. The first mechanism relates to decreased disposable income after retirement and the second mechanism involves reduced demand of social drinking after retirement. Our findings suggest that the urban Chinese older adults experience substantial change in such health behavior as drinking as they retire. This has important public policy implications as China is facing a severe challenge of rapid population aging.

Research Articles

by Xiaorong Gu
569 Views, 236 PDF Downloads

This study draws on three waves (2012, 2013, and 2015) of pooled data from the China General Social Survey to examine two major dimensions of the transition to first marriage among four cohorts of youths, i.e., the transition tempos and the homogamy patterns. Key findings include: (1) There is no evidence of systematic delays in family formation among cohorts coming of age after reform, albeit moderate cross-cohort heterogeneity. Two cohorts are identified for their unique trajectories: The Cultural Revolution cohort with a relatively protracted transition process and the late reform cohort with a rather condensed marriage formation pattern, (2) respondents who belong to older cohorts, who are men, who have received higher education and hold urban hukou have lower risk in entering first marriage by a certain age, and (3) I recorded steady growing strengths of homogamy over cohorts, with the Ф parameters rising from 0.42 for the Cultural Revolution cohort to 0.56 for the late reform cohort. The overall message is that four decades of rapid economic development in post-reform China have failed to weaken persisting marriage norms and practices among young people, contrary to well-documented empirical evidence from many other national contexts. I ruminate on potential institutional and cultural mechanisms underlying such an intriguing phenomenon.

Research Articles

by Ernesto F. L. Amaral, Mahlet A. Woldetsadik, Gabriela Armenta
1617 Views, 434 PDF Downloads
In this study, we provide an overview of the situation of Syrian refugees and other non-citizens living in host countries. We explored the cases of several countries: Turkey, which is one of the main destinations for refugees, flees the Syrian crisis; Germany and the United Kingdom, which are high-income countries where the public sentiment about refugees has changed over time; Greece and Italy, nations that share a close border with countries experiencing large refugee influxes; and Canada and Australia, which have had different approaches regarding inflows of refugees and do not share borders with countries that have significant outflows of migrants and refugees. Our review of policies suggests that the successful resettlement of Syrian refugees is dependent on political commitment that is coupled with public support and community engagement. Successful social and economic policies to address the refugee crisis demand a combined effort in terms of planning, implementing, monitoring, and assessing initiatives. Most importantly, record-keeping and sharing data with stakeholders need to be improved, which is a joint request of non-profit organizations and academic institutions.