Vol 2, No 2 (Published)

Table of Contents

Original Research Articles

by J. Karthick, Ramkumar Thulasiram, S. Rajesh, M. Saravana Kumar, M. Thinakaranraj, M. Vijayaram
440 Views, 414 PDF Downloads

The objective of this paper is to determine the optimum fly ash content at which soil behavior is improved. Soil improvement is termed as soil stabilization. Soil stabilization depends on factors such as unconfined compression, cohesion, shear load, consolidation and permeability of soil and CBR value of soil. Fly ash is a thermal waste. Nearly half of the fly ash generated is not been used, hence usage of fly ash will reduce waste. Test conducted were sieve analysis, specific gravity, standard proctor compaction, unconfined compression, direct shear, free swell index, variable head permeability and consolidation for black cotton soil. Test also was conducted on soil replaced with fly ash in the level of 5%, 10% and 15%. Among the various replacement tried out, better results were observed for soil replaced with 10% of fly ash. Beyond the 10% level of replacement a reduction in performance was observed. Hence fly ash can be used for soil stabilization up to 10% replacement.

Original Research Articles

by Asaf Tolga Ulgen
670 Views, 214 PDF Downloads

In the present study, I have investigated the effect of different annealing time durations of 0.5h, 1h, 2h and 4h (annealing temperature at 700oC) on the electrical, micro structural and superconducting properties of the nano hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) added/doping magnesium diboride (MgB2) superconducting samples. The aim of this work, hBN added MgB2 superconducting bulk samples are determined to find out the optimum sintering time, also investigated how BN addition effects the optimum fabrication conditions. These superconducting samples were prepared by the conventional solid-state reaction method. Experimental techniques of X-ray diffraction (XRD) were used for structural and microstructural examinations. Critical transition temperatures, difference between Tc-onset and Tc-offset, a and c lattice parameter, grain size, bulk density, residual resistivity ratios (RR) and cross-sectional area fractions (AF) of the pure and nano-hBN added MgB2 materials are obtained using a cryostat equipped with a superconducting magnet. All the experimental results notice that the characteristic features improve regularly with the increment in sintering time durations. 

Original Research Articles

by Seyed Yousef Mosavian
345 Views, 219 PDF Downloads

Zirconia was synthesized in nanosize by sol-gel method and perchlorated zirconia (HClO4/ZrO2) with various calcination temperatures were prepared and characterized by XRD, FTIR and SEM techniques. The catalyst acidity characters, including the acidicstrength and the total number of acid sites were determined by potentiometric titration. The catalytic performance experiments show that the HClO4/ZrO2 with calcination temperature of 300 °C has the best catalytic activity. 2,3-Dihydroquinazolin-4(1H)-ones were

prepared in good to excellent yields via condensation reaction of oaminobenzamide and various types of aldehydes and ketones in the presence of HClO4/ZrO2 nanoparticles as an efficient solid acid catalyst. The catalyst is reusable with moderate loss in activity.

Original Research Articles

by A. Mahdy
304 Views, 152 PDF Downloads

A numerical solution has been obtained for the unsteady three-dimensional stretching flow and heat transfer due to uncertainties of thermal conductivity and dynamic viscosity of nanofluids. The term of nanofluid refers to a solid–liquid mixture with a continuous phase which is a nanometer sized nanoparticle dispersed in conventional base fluids. The unsteadiness in the flow and temperature fields is caused by the time-dependent of the stretching velocity and the surface temperature.  Different water-based nanofluids containing Cu, Ag, and TiO2 are taken into consideration. The governing partial differential equations with the auxiliary conditions are converted to ordinary differential equations with the appropriate corresponding conditions via scaling transformations. Comparison with known results for steady state flow is presented and it found to be in excellent agreement.

Original Research Articles

by Victor Cypren Nwaezeapu, Izediunor U. Tom, Ede T. A. David, Oguadinma O. Vivian
391 Views, 901 PDF Downloads

Abstract: Aim: This study presents the log analysis results of a log suite comprising gamma ray (GR), resistivity (LLD), neutron (PHIN), density (RHOB) logs and a 3D seismic interpretation of Tymot field located in the southwestern offshore of Niger delta. This study focuses essentially on reserves estimation of hydrocarbon bearing sands. Well data were used in the identification of reservoirs and determination of petrophysical parameters and hydrocarbon presence. Three horizons that corresponded to selected well tops were mapped after well-to-seismic tie. Structural depth maps were created from the mapped horizons. The structural style is dominated by widely spaced simple rollover anticline bounded by growth faults, and this includes down-to-basin faults, antithetic faults and synthetic faults. The petrophysical values – the porosity, net-to-gross, water saturation, hydrocarbon saturation that were calculated yielding  an average porosity value  of 0.23, water saturation of 0.32 and an average net-to-gross value of 0.62. Three horizons H1, H2 and H3 were mapped. The three horizons marked the tops of reservoir sands and provide the structures for hydrocarbon accumulation. Hydrocarbon in-place was estimated. The total hydrocarbon proven reserves for the mapped horizons H1, H2, and H3 were estimated to be 39.04MMBO of oil and 166.13BCF for sand E.