Open Journal Systems

Influence of Vertical Inertia Force of Covering Soil on Seismic Damage Response of Shallow Buried Underground Frame Structure Shaking Table Model Test of Centrifuge

Feiyang Qin

Article ID: 1057
Vol 3, Issue 1, 2019, Article identifier:

VIEWS - 213 (Abstract) 123 (PDF)


The existing research shows that the lateral deformation capacity of the middle column under different axial compression ratios is the key factor affecting the seismic performance of the shallow-buried frame subway station structure. In order to study the influence of the increase of axial compression ratio of columns caused by vertical earthquake on the seismic damage response of shallow-buried underground frame structures, a centrifuge shaking table model test for seismic damage of underground structures was carried out by adding steel sand to the overlying soil to reflect the vertical inertial force of the overlying soil. The test results show that the method of mixing steel sand with the soil cover on the structure has little influence on the dynamic characteristics of the soil-structure system and the horizontal relative displacement response of the top and bottom plates of the underground structure under earthquake.  Increasing the vertical inertial force of the overlying soil greatly changes the distribution of contact pressure between the surrounding rock and soil mass and the underground structure, thus changing the internal force state of each structural member and increasing the axial compression ratio of the key vertical bearing columns in the frame structure.  Increasing the vertical inertia force of the overlying soil results in the stress on the frame of the underground structure and the increased axial compression ratio of the central column, which makes the underground frame structure more prone to earthquake damage.


centrifuge shaking table model test; Vertical inertial force of overlying soil; Shallow buried underground frame structure; Earthquake damage response

Full Text:


Included Database


Iida H, Hiroto T, Yoshida N, et al. Damage to daikai subway station [J]. Special Issue of Soils and Foundations, 1996, 1: 283-300

Huo H, Bobet A, Fernández G, et al. Load transfer mechanisms between underground structure and surrounding ground: evaluation of the failure of the daikai station [J]. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engi-neering, 2005, 131(12): 1522-1533

Amorosi A, Boldini D. Numerical modelling of the transverse dynamic behaviour of circular tunnels in clayey soils [J]. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 2009, 29(6): 1059-1072

Cao Bingzheng, Luo Qifeng, Ma Shuo, et al. Earthquake Response Analysis of Kobe Da Kai Subway Station [J]. Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration, 2002,22 (4): 102-107 (Cao Bing Zheng, Luo Qifeng, Ma Shuo, et al. Seismic response analysis of Dakai subway station in hygoken-nanbu earthquake [J]. Earthquake En-gineering and Engineering Vibration, 2002, 22(4): 102-107 (in Chinese))

Liu Xiangqing, Liu Jingbo. Elasto-plastic Seismic Response Time-history Analysis of Arch Section Subway Sta-tion Structure Based on Fiber Model [J]. Engineering Mechanics, 2008,25 (10): 150-157 (Liu Xiangqing, Liu Jingbo. Time history analysis of elasto-plastic seismic response of a subway station structure with arched cross section based on fiber model [J]. Engineering Mechanics, 2008, 25(10):150-157 (in Chinese))

Du xiuli, kang kaili, Xu zigang, et al. main characteristics and laws of seismic response of underground structures [J]. journal of civil engineering, 2018, 51 (7): 11-21 (du xiuli, kang kaili, Xu zigang, et al. Main characteristics and rules of seismic response of underground structures [J]. China Civil Engineering Journal, 2018, 51(7):11-21 (in Chinese))

Yada's Shinfu, Meiyuan Junfu, Aoki 123, et al. The causes of the earthquake in the south of Hyogo and the high-speed Kobe road in Kobe are analyzed [C]// Papers of the Soil and Wood Science Association, 1996 (537): 303-320 (Yamato T, Umehart, Aoki H, et al. Damge to daikai subway station of Kobe rapid transit system and es-timation of its reason during the 1995 hyogoken-nanbu earthquake[C]//Journal of JSCE, 1996(537): 303-320 (in Japanese))

An X, Shawky A A, Maekawa K. The collapse mechanism of a subway station during the great hanshin earthquake [J]. Cement and Concrete Composites, 1997, 19(3): 241-257

Parra-Montesinos G J, Bobet A, Ramirez J A. Evaluation of soil-structure interaction and structural collapse in daikai subway station during Kobe earthquake [J]. ACI Structural Journal, 2006, 103(1): 113-122

Ocean Joe, Cheng Shaoge, Chen Guoxing. Osaka-Kobe Earthquake Opens Metro Station Largely Numerical Sim-ulation Analysis of Earthquake Damage Mechanism, [J]. Rock Geodynamics, 2008,29 (1): 245-250 (Zheng Hai-yang, Cheng Shao Ge, Chen Guoxing. Numerical simulation and analysis of earthquake damages of Dakai metro station caused by Kobe earthquake [J]. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 2008, 29(1): 245-250 (in Chinese))

Du xiuli, Wang gang, luthor chun, analysis on the mechanism of the ground breaking of the subway station in Osaka-Kobe earthquake in Japan [J]. disaster prevention and mitigation engineering journal, 2016, 36 (2): 165-171 (du xiuli, Wang gang, Lu Dechun. Earthquake damage mechanism analysis of Dakai metro station by Kobe earthquake [J]. Joural of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Engineering, 2016, 36(2): 165-171 (in Chi-nese))

Du xiuli, ma Chao, Lu dechun, et al. earthquake damage simulation and mechanism analysis of da kai subway station [J]. journal of civil engineering, 2017, 50 (1): 53-62 (du xiuli, machao, Lu dechun, et al. Collapse simula-tion and failure mechanism analysis of the Dakai subway station under seismic loads [J]. China Civil Engineering Journal, 2017, 50(1): 53-62 (in Chinese))

Liu Jingbo, Liu Xiangqing, Wang Zonggang, et al. Centrifuge Shaking Table Model Test of Soil-Structure Dy-namic Interaction System [J]. Journal of Civil Engineering, 2010,43 (11): 114-121 (Liu Jingbo, Liu Xiangqing, Wang Zonggang, et al. Dynamic centrifuge model test of a soil-structure interaction system [J]. China Civil Engi-neering Journal, 2010, 43(11): 114-121 (in Chinese))

Zhao Dongdong. Experimental Study and Numerical Simulation of Seismic Response of Underground Structures in Urban Subway [D]. Beijing: Tsinghua University, 2013 (Zhao Dongdong. Empirical Study and Numerical Sim-ulation on Seismic Response of Urban Underground Subway Structures [D]. Beijing: Tsinghua University, 2013 (in Chinese))

Ling Daosheng, Guo Heng, Cai Wujun, et al. Shaking Table Model Test Study of Centrifugal Machine for Earth-quake Damage in Subway Station [J] Journal of Zhejiang University: Engineering Edition, 2012, 46 (12): 2201-2209 (Lingdao Sheng, Guo Heng, Cai Wujun, et al. Research on Seismic Damage of Metrostation with Cen-trifuge Shaking Table Model Test [J]. Journal of Zhejiang University: Engineering Science Edition, 2012, 46(12): 2201-2209 (in Chinese))

Zhihao, West Sichuan, Pure History of Qingye, Atsushi Izawa. Research on Sidewall Damage and Its Impact on Endurance in Earthquake [C]// Essays A1, 2013, 69 (4): 509-516 (Kawanishi T, Kiyono J, Izawa J. An experi-mental study on the failure behavior and the strength of a cut and cover tunnel[C]// Journal of JSCE A1, 2013, 69(4): 509-516 (in Japanese))

Du xili, Xu zigang, Xu chengshun, et al. inertial force-displacement method for seismic response analysis of shal-low buried underground structures [J]. journal of rock and soil engineering, 2018, 40 (4): 583-591 (du xiuli, Xu zigang, Xu cheng shun, et al. Inertia force-displacement method for seismic analysis of shallow buried under-ground structure[J]. Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 2018, 40(4): 583-591 (in Chinese))

Du Xiuli, Yang Li, Xu Chengshun, et al. Research progress on the causes and mechanism of earthquake damage in Osaka-Kobe subway station in 1995 [J]. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 2018, 40 (2): 223-236 (Du Xilui, Li Yang, Xu Cheng Shun, et al. Review on damage causes and disaster mechanism of Dakai subway station in the 1995 Osaka-Kobe earthquake [J]. Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 2018, 40(2): 223-236(in Chi-nese))

Chen Yunmin, Han Chao, Ling Daosheng, et al. Development of ZJU400 Centrifuge and Evaluation of Vibration Table Performance [J]. Journal of Rock and Soil Engineering, 2011,33 (12): 1887-1894 (Chen Yunmin, Han Chao, Ling Dao Sheng, et al. Development of geotechnical centrifuge ZJU400 and performance assessment of its shak-ing table system[J]. Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 2011, 33(12): 1887-1894 (in Chinese))

(213 Abstract Views, 123 PDF Downloads)


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Feiyang Qin

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Recent Articles | About Journal | For Author | Fees | About Whioce

Copyright © Whioce Publishing Pte Ltd. All Rights Reserved.