Open Journal Systems

Study on Vulnerability of Concrete Filled Steel Tube Frame-Buckling-Resistant Bracing Structure System under Wind and Earthquake Coupling

Yongjun Xu

Article ID: 1058
Vol 3, Issue 1, 2019, Article identifier:

VIEWS - 272 (Abstract) 113 (PDF)


Engineering structures will inevitably be affected by various disasters such as wind or earthquake during their whole service life. Taking the concrete-filled steel tube frame-buckling-restrained brace structure system as the research object, the wind speed time histories at different heights of the structure with recurrence periods of 1 year, 10 years and 50 years are simulated. Based on the OpenSees finite element software, the nonlinear dynamic time history analysis of the structure under four working conditions of earthquake single action and wind-earthquake coupling action with recurrence periods of 1 year, 10 years and 50 years respectively is carried out, and the vulnerability curves of the structure under different working conditions are generated based on the seismic demand analysis method. The results show that with the increase of wind action, the structural response and vulnerability have an increasing trend.  However, with the increase of ground motion intensity, the influence of wind on structural vulnerability gradually decreases.


coupling effect of wind and earthquake; Concrete filled steel tube frame; Buckling prevention support; Non linear dynamic time history analysis: Vulnerability

Full Text:


Included Database


Nie Jianguo. Future of China's Structural Engineering-High Performance Structural Engineering [J].Journal of Civil Engineering, 2016, 49 (9): 1-8 (Nie Jianguo. The Future of Structural Engineering in Chi-na-High-Performance Structural Engineering [J]. China Civil Engineering Journal, 2016, 49 (9): 1-8 (in Chinese))

Clark P,Aiken I,Kasai K,et al. Design procedures for buildings incorporating hysteretic damping devices [C]// Proceedings 68th annual convention Santa Barbara, California: Structural Engineers Association of California, 1999

Ya maguchi M, Yamada S, Matsumoto Y, et al. Full-scale shaking table test of damage tolerant structure with a buckling resistant brace [J]. Journal of Structural & Construction Engineering, 2002, 67(558): 189-196

Zhou yun, Yin Qingli, Lin Shaoming, et al. Study on Seismic Performance of Mixed Concrete Frame Structure with Buckling-proof Energy Dissipation Axillary Brace Reinforced Concrete Frame [J]. Journal of Soil and Wood Engineering, 2012,45 (11): 29-38 (Zhou Yun, Yin Qingli, Lin Shaoming, et al. Seismic performance investiga-tions of RC frame structures with buckling-restrained haunch braces[J]. China Civil Engineering Journal, 2012, 45(11): 29-38 (in Chinese))

H ao Xiaoyan, Li Hongnan, Yang Changmin, et al. Web-type steel buckling-restrained brace Experimental Study on Mechanical Properties of Braces [J]. Journal of Vibration Engineering, 2012,25 (5): 497-505 (Hao Xiaoyan, Li Hongnan, Yang Changmin, et al. Experimental investigation on mechanical performances of an innovative H type steel-unbuckling-brace [J]. Journal of Vibration Engineering, 2012, 25 (5): 497-505 (in Chinese))

Jia Mingming, Sun Lin, Guo Lanhui, et al. Influence of out-of-plane buckling of non-yielding sections of buck-ling-restrained braces on the performance of composite frame support structures [J]. Journal of Building Structures, 2013,34 (S1): 383-388 (Jia Mingming, Sun Lin, Guo Lanhu I, et al. Influences of out-of-plane buckling ofnon-yielding segments of BRBs on braced composite frame structure[J]. Journal of Building Structures, 2013, 34(s1): 383-388 (in Chinese))

Li C, Hao H, Li H N, et al. Seismic fragility analysis of reinforced concrete bridges with chloride induced corro-sion subjected to spatially varying ground motions [J]. International Journal of Structural Stability & Dynamics, 2016, 16(5): 187-199

Hwang H, Liu J B, Chiu Y H. Seismic fragility analysis of highway bridges [R]. Memphis: The University of Memphis, 2001

Ellingwood B R, Rosowsky D V, Li Y, et al. Fragility assessment of light-frame wood construction subjected to wind and earthquake hazards [J]. Journal of Structural Engineering, 2004, 130(12): 1921-1930

Li Chao, Li Hongnan. Life-cycle Seismic Performance Evaluation of Offshore Bridge Structures Considering Chloride Ion Corrosion [J]. Vibration and Impact, 2014, 33 (11): 70-77 (Li Chao, Li Hongnan. Life-cycle seismic performance evaluation of offshore bridge structures considering chloride ions corrosion effect [J]. Journal of Vi-bration and Shock, 2014, 33(11): 70-77 ( in Chinese))

Li Hongnan, Li Chao. Research Progress on Seismic Performance Evaluation and Design Methods of Bridge Structures Based on Life Cycle [J]. china journal of highway and transport, 2014, 27 (10): 32-45 (Li Hong Nan, Li Chao. Research Progress On life-cycle based bridge structural seismic performance evaluation and design method [J]. China Journal of Highway and Transport, 2014, 27 (10): 32-45 ( in Chinese))

Wen Y K. Minimum lifecycle cost design under multiple hazards [J]. Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 2001, 73(3): 223-231

Kameshwar S, Padgett J E. Multi-hazard risk assessment of highway bridges subjected to earthquake and hurri-cane hazards [J]. Engineering Structures, 2014, 78(1): 154-166

Duthinh D, Simu E. Safety of structures in strong winds and earthquakes: multihazard considerations [J]. Journal of Structural Engineering, 2010, 136(3): 330-333

Yin Dongping, Zheng Jiangrong, TongFu.kabu. Exploration on Moderate and Strong Earthquakes and Weather Anomalies in China Yi<. Journal of Natural Disaster Studies, 1999,8 (1): 98-104 (Yin Dongping, Zhang Jiang Rong, Zhao kai. Research on relation between moderate and strong earthquake and climate anomaly in China [J]. Journal of Natural Disasters, 1999, 8(1): 98-104 (in Chinese))

Kappes M S, Keiler M, Glade T. From single- to multi-hazard risk analyses: a concept addressing emerging chal-lenges[C]// Proceedings of the ‘mountain risks’ international conference Firenze. Italy: Bridging Science to Soci-ety, 2010: 351-356

Yang Yang, Li Chun, Miao Weipao, et al. Dynamic response of wind force mechanism under the combination of turbulent wind field and earthquake excitation [J]. Vibration and impact, 2015, 34 (21): 136-143 (Yang Yang, Li Chun, Miu Wei Pao, et al. Structural dynamic responses of a wind turbine under turbulent wind combined with seismic motion [J]. Journal of Vibration and Shock, 2015, 34(21): 136-143 (in Chinese))

Zuo H, Bi K, Hao H. Using multiple tuned mass dampers to control offshore wind turbine vibrations under multi-ple hazards[J]. Engineering Structures, 2017, 141: 303-315

Asareh M A, Schonberg W, Volz J. Fragility analysis of a 5-MW NREL wind turbine considering aero-elastic and seismic interaction using finite element method[J]. Finite Elements in Analysis & Design, 2016, 120(1): 57-67

Gao Jianguo, Yang Deyong. Atmosphere, Earthquake and Earth Rotation Rate [J]. Earthquake Research, 1981, 4(2): 196-206

GB 50011—2010 Code for Seismic Design of Buildings [S]. Beijing: China Building Industry Press, 2010 (GB 50011-2010 Code for Seismic Design of Buildings [S]. Beijing: China Building & Industry Press, 2012 ( in Chi-nese))

L iu Jianbin. Theoretical Research on Design of Buckling Restrained Braces and Buckling Restrained Braces Steel Frames, [D] Beijing ": Tsinghua University, 2005 (Liu Jian bin. Research on the Design Theory of Buck-ling-Restricted Braces and Buckling-Restricted Braced Frames [D]. Beijing: " Tsinghua University, 2005 (in Chi-nese))

Guo Yurong, Huang Minyuan. Pseudo-dynamic Experimental Study on Buckling-resistant Energy Dissipation Braced Concrete Filled Steel Tubular Column-steel Beam Composite Frame Substructure [J]. Journal of Building Structures, 2014,35 (11): 62-68 (Guo Yurong, Huang Minyuan. Substructure pseudo-dynamic tests of a concrete filled steel tubular column-steel beam composite frame with buckling restrained braces[J]. Journal of Building Structures, 2014, 35 (11): 62-68 (in Chinese))

Mander J B,Priestley M J N,Park R. Theoretical stress‐strain model for confined concrete[J]. Journal of Structural Engineering, 1988, 114(8): 1804-1826

Gu Q, Zona A, Peng Y, et al. Effect of buckling-restrained brace model parameters on seismic structural response[J]. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 2014, 98(7): 100-113

Ang A H, Tang W H. Probability concepts in engineering planning: emphasis on applications to civil and envi-ronmental engineering [M]. 2nd Edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2007

Liu Jingbo, Liu Yangbing, Yan Qiushi, et al. Analysis of Seismic Vulnerability of Square Steel Pipe Concrete Frame Structure Based on Performance [J]. Journal of Soil and Wood Engineering, 2010,43 (2): 39-47 (Liu Jingbo, Liu Yang Bing, Yan Qiushi, et al. Performance-based seismic fragility analysis of CFST frame structures[J]. China Civil Engineering Journal, 2010, 43(2): 39-47 ( in Chinese))

Han Linhai. Concrete Filled Steel Tube Structure-Theory and Practice [M]. Third Edition. Beijing: Science Press, 2007 (Han Linhai. Concrete filled steel tubular structure—theory and application [M]. 3th Edition. Beijing: Sci-ence Press, 2007 ( in Chinese))

G B 50009—2012 Load Code for Building Structures [S] Beijing: China Construction Industry Press, 2012 (GB 50009 — 2012 Load Code for the Design of Building Structures [S]. Beijing: China Architecture & Building Press, 2012 ( in Chinese))

Augusti G, Ciampoli M. Performance-based design in risk assessment and reduction [J]. Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics, 2008, 23(4): 496-508

Kaimal J C, Wyngaard J C, Izumi Y, et al. Spectral characteristics of surface-layer turbulence[M]. New jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 1972

Hao H, Oliveira C S, Penzien J. Multiple-station ground motion processing and simulation based on smart-1 array data [J]. Nuclear Engineering & Design, 1989, 111(3): 293-310

Li C, Hao H, Li H N, et al. Theoretical modeling and numerical simulation of seismic motions at seafloor [J]. Soil Dynamics & Earthquake Engineering, 2015, 77: 220-225

Li C, Hao H, Li H N, et al. Modeling and simulation of spatially correlated ground motions at multiple onshore and offshore sites [J]. Journal of Earthquake Engineering, 2017, 21(3): 359-383

Smith V, Mahmoud H. Multihazard assessment of wind turbine towers under simultaneous application of wind, operation, and seismic loads [J]. Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, 2016, 30(6): 04016043

Cornell C A, Jalayer F, Hamburger R O, et al. Probabilistic basis for 2000 SAC federal emergency management agency steel moment frame guidelines [J]. Journal of Structural Engineering, 2002, 128(4): 526-533

L i C, Li H N , Hao H, et al. Seismic fragility analyses of sea-crossing cable-stayed bridges subjected to mul-ti-support ground motions on offshore sites[J]. Engineering Structures, 2018, 165: 441-456

CECS 230:2008 High-rise Building Steel - Concrete Mixed Structure Design Rules Cheng, S. Beijing: China Planning Press, 2008 (CECS 230: 2008 Specification for Design of Steel-Concrete Mixed Structure of Tall Build-ings [S]. A Beijing, China Planning Press, 2008 (in Chinese))

Ramamoorthy S K, Gardoni P, Bracci J M. Probabilistic demand models and fragility curves for reinforced con-crete frames [J]. Journal of Structural Engineering, 2006, 132 (10): 1563-1572

(272 Abstract Views, 113 PDF Downloads)


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Yongjun Xu

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Recent Articles | About Journal | For Author | Fees | About Whioce

Copyright © Whioce Publishing Pte Ltd. All Rights Reserved.