Vol 3 , No 1 (Published)

Table of Contents


by Jinyu Sheng
496 Views, 239 PDF Downloads


by Dingtian Yang, Xiaoqing Yin, Lizhu Zhou
631 Views, 529 PDF Downloads

Seagrass and associated bio-resources are very important for swan’s overwintering in Swan Lake in Rongcheng of Shandong Peninsula of China. The seagrass distribution changes, which are usually affected by the regional human activities, can indirectly affect swan’s habitat. In this study the satellite remote sensing data in years 1979–2009 together with in-situ observations in recent years were used to examine the seagrass distribution changes in Swan Lake. The band ratio of band 1 to band 2, Lyzenga’s methods and band synthesize of band 1, band 2 and band 3 were used for seagrass retrieval. The band ratio of band 1 to band 2 with ranges greater than 4.5 was used for estimating the seagrass coverage greater than 50%. Results showed that in years 1979–1990 seagrass coverage greater than 50% occupied more than half of the surface area of Swan Lake. In years 2000–2005, the total area with seagrass distributions reduced greatly, only about one sixth to one fourth of Swan Lake’s surface area. After 2005, the seagrass area in Swan Lake increased gradually and occasionally was greater than one third of the total surface area of the Lake. It was shown that human activities such as the dam and fish pond establishment and the awareness of seagrass importance and protected actively result in the seagrass distributions changes in Swan Lake which decreased first and then increased afterwards.


by SEVIL N. Tabasaranskaya 1, BAHAR N. Aliyeva 2, NAMIG Rahimov 3, RUSTAM B. Rustamov 4
449 Views, 224 PDF Downloads

Oil and gas companies need to ensure continuous operation of critical equipment, no matter how remote. This means knowing exactly where your fleets and equipment are, how they are performing and identifying problems as they occur.
There are number of existing security systems developed to protect linear systems like oil pipelines for transportation of oil and gas products from the first point of development up to collection stations. In the current stage is the gap of the oil and gas pipeline systems security purposes of use of space technology advances. This paper dedicated to the subject of linear pipeline monitoring with use of global positioning system for observation of changes of land in the areas actively functioning of natural disaster factor[1].


by Sung Wook Paek 1, Sangtae Kim 2
441 Views, 1107 PDF Downloads
The development of oceanography and meteorology has greatly benefited from remotely sensed satellite data of the atmosphere and ocean. For oceanographers, meteorologists, hydrologists and climatologists to obtain high-quality satellite data, orbits along which the satellites move must be designed carefully. For this reason, Sun-synchronous, repeat ground track orbits have traditionally been used for visible-wavelength and infrared Earth observations. As the needs for varied datasets are growing, however, new classes of Earth-observing missions are emerging such as interferometry and radiometry to name a few. On the other side, satellite platforms and onboard sensors are getting more compact and less expensive, allowing developing nations to launch their own satellites and under-researched parts of the Earth be studied. In light of these changes, this paper introduces new types of satellite orbits from celestial mechanics perspectives, whose applications will be detailed further in the follow-up work.


by M. Chinnamuthu 1, S. Anbazhagan 1, K. Tamilarasan 1
409 Views, 215 PDF Downloads
Mars is one of the interesting planets for geoscientists to explore the presence of water on the surface of terrestrial planets. The age, geology and geomorphic processes of Mars are almost similar to Earth surface processes. However, earth as tremendous influence of tectonism. The Martian surface once it was flourishing with water flow and formations of fluvial channels, lakes, deltas and oceans. The planet Mars evolved through ages with different climatic conditions from warm wetter period to cold drier period. In the present paper, different climatic condition and the reasons for escape of water from surface of Mars are discussed with help of review work.